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The Impact on War: Know-Nothings Party & Free-Soil Party

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Shemar Tunstall

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of The Impact on War: Know-Nothings Party & Free-Soil Party

By: Shemar Tunstall
Coach Harris
1st Period The Impact on War: Know-Nothings Party, Free Soil Party & Radical Republicans The Know-Nothing Party was established in 1850. In July of 1844, riots broke out in the city of Philadelphia. Nativists battled Irish immigrants which resulted up to two Catholic churches and a Catholic school being burned down. The Know-Nothing Party was was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant people. In 1843, The Know-Nothings formed the American Republic Party. 1854 they had allied themselves with groups within another political party called the Whigs. In 1855, The Know-Nothings dropped much of their secrecy and became known as the American Party. FREE-SOILER PARTY The Free-Soiler Party was a short political party in the US during 1848-1852 presidential elections It was the 3rd largest party that grew it's greatest strength from New York. The party leadership consisted of former anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Democratic Party. Its main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery. Its presidential nominee in 1848, Martin Van Buren, received 291,616 votes against Zachary Taylor of the Whigs and Lewis Cass of the Democrats, but Van Buren received no electoral votes. The Party's "spoiler" effect in 1848 may have put Zachary Taylor into office in a narrowly-contested election. The Compromise of 1850 temporarily neutralized the issue of slavery and undercut the party's no-compromise position. Most Barnburners returned to the Democratic party, and the Free Soil Party became dominated by ardent anti-slavery leaders. The Free Soil Party was a notable third party. More successful than most, it sent two Senators and fourteen Representatives to the thirty-first Congress, which convened from March 4, 1849 to March 3, 1851. Radical Republicans The Radical Republicans were a loose faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877. They called themselves "radicals" and were opposed during the war by moderates and conservative factions led by Abraham Lincoln and after the war by self-described conservatives in the South and Liberals in the North. Radicals strongly opposed slavery during the war and after the war distrusted ex-Confederates, demanding harsh policies for the former rebels, and emphasizing civil rights and voting rights for Freedmen recently freed slaves. During the war, Radical Republicans often opposed Lincoln in terms of selection of generals especially his choice of Democrat George B. McClellan for top command and his efforts to bring states back into the Union. George B. McClellan The Radicals passed their own Reconstruction plan through Congress in 1864, but Lincoln vetoed it and was putting his own policies in effect when he was assassinated in 1865. After the war, the Radicals demanded civil rights for freedmen, such as measures ensuring suffrage. They initiated the Reconstruction Acts, and limited political and voting rights for ex-Confederates. They bitterly fought President Andrew Johnson; they weakened his powers and almost removed him from office through impeachment. The Radicals were vigorously opposed by the Democratic Party and often by moderate and Liberal Republicans as well.
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