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ANCIENT GREEK GEOGRAPHY

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marissa light

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of ANCIENT GREEK GEOGRAPHY

Athens, capital Piraeus (3rd) Thessaloniki (2nd) Islands
Crete
Korfu
Mykonos
Santorini
Zante Important Cities Larissa Patra Piraeus Thessaloniki Sytagma Square Omonia Square Kolokotori Square Symbol of Freedom, art and democracy Its name is derived from Athena, goddess of wisdom and knowledge Located at the center of the Peloponnese in Southern Greece near the Evrotas River A group of five villages with simple houses and a few public buildings Easily defended in the valley of the Evrotas Sparta Founded by the government of Greece in 1834 Occupies part of the site of Ancient Sparta Site of the Ancient Olympic games Located in the western Peloponnese 10 miles inland from the Ionian Sea Near the intersection of the Alpheus and Cladeus rivers Body of water containing all Greek Islands
Volcanic islands, yet formed by the continuation of mountain ranges Aegean Legacy includes Crete as well as Greece, from which most modern culture was born Region also occupied by the Persians, Romans, Minoans, and Myceneans Greece can be divided into 3 geographical regions. The first region is northern Greece. The second one is central Greece. The third and final geographical region in Greece is the Peloponnese. Ancient Greeks were sea going people because of their close proximity to the water. Temperatures today average about 75F and never dropped below 40F in the winter, besides for high up in the mountains. About 80% of Greece is covered in mountains or hills, therefore making it one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. Greek Geography About 50% of Greece is covered with varied vegetation. In Ancient Greece independent city states easily formed because the rocky land made travel and communication very difficult. Geography has always had a huge impact on Greek culture and Greece's inhabitants. Total area of approximately 83,000 square miles Presence of Islands allowed unreliable shipping become safer, facilitating many more ports at which to seek safety The Aegean Sea is the most impoverished large body of water known to science on Earth The Aegean contains the Island of Rhodes, the location at which Caesar was educated Ancient Greek Ships Sailing for over 10,000 years One of the strongest maritime traditions in the world Pentekontors Long, Narrow ships with 25 oarsmen on each side Triremes Developed in 500's BC 75 rather than 25
oarsmen per side,
with 3 sets of oars,
on on top of another Added bronze points to the front of ships, called rams, enabling them to smash the hulls of enemy ships Ancient Corinth located at north-eastern
tip of Peloponnese one of the oldest greek city-states richest commerical city of
Greece at the time master builder of Greece's
ancient warships Ancient Troy Ancient Sparta Ancient Olympia Ancient Athens first unknown to be an actual city Homer's "Iliad" led Heinrich Schliemann to excavate noth-west Turkey in 1870 city believed to be located on a hill on Turkey's coast named Hisarlick even today, not all historians believe that city is actually ancient Troy Ancient City-States the center of town has two hills the Acropolis with monuments from the Age of Pericles and Lycabettus with the chapel of Ai Giorgis site of the Trojan War The Pindus mountain range in Greece. The coastline where Greece meets the Mediterranean Sea. Mt. Olympus Quinquireme Heavier and stronger than other models Lead coating on bottom to protect from battering of other ships Masterpiece of the Greek warships Aquatic navigation lead to the spread of the Greek empire Used to be known as archipelago, meaning 'chief sea' in Greek. This term then became known to deifne large groups or chains of islands Name is derived from Aegeus, who drowned himself in the sea over the supposed death of his son Aegean Sea Located between the Greek Peninsula on the West and Asia Minor on the East Rumoured location of legends of Atlantis located in Attica, a large plain in central Greece believed to be located in Asia Minor
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