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Medieval Chinese Inventions

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Bailey T

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of Medieval Chinese Inventions

Medieval Chinese Inventions
Iron
Medieval Chinese Iron. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <http://www.ancientmilitary.com/images/ancient-weaponry.jpg>.
Around 500 B.C. metal workers in the southern state of Wu developed an iron smelting technology that would not be practiced in Europe until late medieval times.
Iron smelters achieved temperatures as high as 1130 degrees C.

By 300 B.C. iron was the material of choice for most tools and weapons.

"History of Metallurgy in China." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2014. Web. 31 Oct. 2014.
Steel
Medieval Chinese Iron. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/MilitaryCostumeEmperorKienLong1736-1796.jpg>.
In the 17th century, iron workers in western Europe developed a cementation process for iron. Carbon diffused into iron
producing a product called
cement steel
or
blister steel.
"Ferrous Metallurgy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Oct. 2014. Web. 31 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrous_metallurgy>.
Porcelain
Porcelain is a ceramic material made from heating different materials. Porcelain can also be known as china, or fine china in English-speaking countries
Ancient Medieval Porcelain. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2014. <https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQrixUTunmgl8g-bVWCmFvP7rH90FKgrautRexbR5eagGM9aScGkA>.
because China was the birthplace of porcelain making. It is used for making antiques like pots, plates, bowls, etc.
"Porcelain." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Oct. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porcelain>.
Tea
Tea was created by accident- a brown leaf fell into a pot of boiling water and created a refreshing drink. The origin of tea was used as a medical herb. Steaming tea leaves was a primary process used for centuries in preparing tea. Tea is an important item in Chinese culture and was also used as a relaxing therapy for the Chinese.
Medieval Chinese Tea. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2014. <http://www.gg2.net/food/news/The+world+in+a+teacup%3A+Paris+show+digs+into+brew%26rsquo%3Bs+roots/3509>.
"History of Tea in China." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Oct. 2014. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_tea_in_China>.
Mechanical Clock
One of the greatest inventions of the medieval world was the mechanical clock. The most difficult part in inventing a mechanical clock was to figure out a way in which a wheel no bigger than a room could turn at the same speed as the Earth, but still be turning more or less continuously. The first model of a mechanical clock was built in 725 A.D. Dripping water powered
a wheel to make a full revolution every 24 hours. "An iron and bronze system of wheels and gears made the clock turn. This system caused the chiming of a bell on the hour."
"World Mysteries Blog." World Mysteries Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2014. <http://blog.world-mysteries.com/science/ancient-chinese-inventions-and-discoveries-that-shaped-the-world/>.
Medieval Chinese Mechanical Clock. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2014. <http://www.vhinkle.com/china/clock.gif>.
Spinning Wheel
By Bailey T
The spinning wheel is a device used for spinning thread or yarn. Silk was first made by the chinese about 4000 years ago. There was an increasing demand for silk and fabric so the Chinese developed the spinning wheel in 1035. It was a simple circular machine worked by one person. It used a wheel to stretch and align the fibers. A drive belt made the wheels spin.
"World Mysteries Blog." World Mysteries Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2014. <http://blog.world-mysteries.com/science/ancient-chinese-inventions-and-discoveries-that-shaped-the-world/>.
Medieval Chinese Spinning Wheel. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://crofters.org/personal%20essays/spinning_files/great%20wheel.jpg>.
Printing Press
A printing press is a device used for evenly printing ink onto a surface such as paper or cloth. The device applies pressure to the surface that rests on an inked surface made by moveable type. The world's first known movable type was invented and developed in China by the Han Chinese printer Bi Sheng between the years 1041 and 1048. Typically used for texts, the invention and spread of the printing press are widely known as among the most influenced event in history, revolutionizing the way people describe the world they live in.
"Printing Press." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Jan. 2014. Web. 06 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printing_press>.
Medieval Chinese Printing Press. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://shanicebourne.weebly.com/uploads/1/7/5/3/17530191/3630010_orig.jpg>.
Paper Money
Paper money was made by the Tang Dynasty in 740 B.C. They made the paper money as an offshoot of the invention of block printing. Before paper money, there was other ways to buy things. Bartering, for example, was a direct but cumbersome exchange of personal goods. Paper money was an improvement on carrying around heavy loads of coins. The Tang people had it easier once they had paper money. Paper money is light, foldable, possibly worth a lot more, and takes less effort to make than many earlier systems.
"China - Paper Money." China - Paper Money. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2014. <http://fourriverscharter.org/projects/Inventions/pages/china_papermoney.htm>.
Medieval Chinese Paper Money. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://primaltrek.com/shaanxiyiyuanxian.jpg>.
Gunpowder
Gunpowder was the first physical explosive and propellant. It was discovered in the Tang Dynasty during the 9th century. Scientists made gunpowder by mixing sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter, or potassium nitrate. The Chinese emperors tried to keep their discovery secret, but by the 1100s AD their secret had gotten out, and people in the Islamic Empire and then the Roman Empire began to understand how to use gunpowder for weapons. The people of West Africa hadn't heard about gunpowder yet until European people attacked them in the 1400s AD.

"Gunpowder in Ancient China." - Ancient China for Kids! N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014. <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/war/gunpowder.htm>.
Medieval Chinese Gunpowder. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://fourriverscharter.org/projects/Inventions/images/china_gunpowder2.jpg>.
Medieval Chinese Gunpowder. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.ancientchinalife.com/Ancient-Chinese-gunpowder-2.JPG>.
Fireworks
Fireworks originated in China about 2,000 years ago. They were discovered by accident by a Chinese cook working in a field kitchen who happened to mix charcoal, sulfur, and saltpeter. The firecrackers, both then and now, are thought to have the power to fend off evil spirits and ghosts that are frightened by the loud bangs of the firecrackers. Chinese New Year is another popular event that is celebrated with firecrackers to usher in the new year free of the evil spirits.
"Kaleidoscope - Science and Invention." The History of Fireworks. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014. <http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/10Kaleidoscope8486.html>.
Medieval Chinese Fireworks. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://enabdullahu.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/utamaro_fireworks_dtl.jpg>.
Medieval Chinese Fireworks. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/news/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/fireworks-thames.jpg>.
Fire Lance
Fire lance was a proto-gun developed in the 10th century with a tube of first bamboo and later on metal that shot a weak gunpowder blast of flame. The earliest fire lances were spear-like weapons combining a tube containing gunpowder tied to a Chinese spear. "...it was initially used as a hand-to-hand weapon with the gunpowder shot designed to give the wielder an edge in close-quarter combat."
"Kaleidoscope - Science and Invention." Fire Lance. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014. <http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/10Kaleidoscope3070.html>.
Medieval Chinese Fire Lance. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/Ming_bronze_cannon.JPG>.
Medieval Chinese Tea Leaves. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014. <http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/3e/3f/c0/3e3fc058a867bdb354f7fcb527555023.jpg>.
Thanks for viewing!
Bailey Tymeson
D Period Social Studies
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