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Drama Genre Presentation
Transcript of Drama Genre Presentation
Presented by: Marie, Greg, Kathleen, and Amanda is a literary composition involving conflict, action, crisis, and atmosphere, designed to be acted by players on a stage before an audience; this applies to motion picture drama as well as drama on a traditional stage
is the most dependent of all art forms, requiring directors, actors, scenes, and costume designers; requires that directors and others invovled in the production interpret the play before the audience does. Tragedy involves the ruin of the leading characters.
To the Greeks, it meant the
destruction of a noble person
through fate. To the Elizabethans, it meant in the first place, death, and in
the second place, the destruction of some noble person through a flaw
in his character. Today, tragedy may refer to a dismal life (not just death),
portraying the experience of the weak or mean, not just the noble
and strong. Comedy is a lighter drama in which the characters overcome the difficulties that temporarily beset them. When comedy involves ridiculous or hilarious complications without regard for human values, it is a farce. A Comedy of Manners is a comedy which wittily portrays fashionable life. A problem play is a drama of social criticism Like farce, melodrama almost completely ignores human values, but its object is to provide a thrill, rather than a laugh. This provides entertainment, rather than literary value. Fantasy (across multiple genres) is comic in spirit, & gives
full reign to the author's fantasy, allowing fantastic things
to happen without full regard. Other Historical Types of Drama Medieval mystery plays dealt with Bible stories and
allegorical mysteries. Chronicle, or history, plays deal directly with
historical themes or characters. Masques are slight plays involving singing, dancing,
and costuming; these are mostly allegorical. So Why does teaching drama matter? Vocabulary Development: According to Mages W.K.,
at the end of the school year, children were tested on
sophisticated words. Although the vocabulary words were
NOT reviewed before...90% of children remembered all of
the words that had been dramatized. Creativity Spurs Development: Vygotsky theorized about
the importance of play in the development of preschoolers;
play is the source of development & creates the proximal
zone of development...action in the imaginative sphere...all
appear in play and make it the highest level of preschool
Engages multiple learning styles: Podlozny states that research does
support that drama facilitates story understanding, story recall,
and oral language development in young children; [his] meta-analysis
corroborates the findings from two earlier meta-analyses that also found that drama had a positive effect on oral language development Helps acquire meaning and experience: Booth states that drama draws a large part of its content from story (as we saw before); participating in drama situations...is an effective...means of providing the active involvement and experience that being a mature reader requires.
To develop thinking, language, and feeling abilities in children, we must place learning opportunities in a meaningful context. Drama in education is a whole representation of thought, providing whole meanings for each student. Drama helps children make their thinking visible. So is
Just for the
drama unit? The answer is no! There are many ways you can incorporate drama into your classroom! But first, let's look at ways you can make drama fun as its own unit of study.... Strategies for teaching a unit: 1. Have students write a
soliloquy from the point of
view of a character.
2. Have students listen to
the play on tape.
3. Have students watch
multiple film interpretations
of the play (many of these
can be easily found on
4. Have students act out
a more complicated scene
(such as the opening scene
of Romeo and Juliet) 5. Have students act out
various scenes of the play,
rather than reading the play
seated (this is a way to
6. Have students play roles
of the drama world (like a
literature circle, but with
7. Have students perform in
a student production
8. For plays emphasizing setting, have students
do a webquest.
9. Allow students to explore the "inner speech" or "subtext" of the play; this is essentially using a Vygotsky model:
a person begins with a motive to speak, and this motive creates the inner speech or subtext
this creates a thought or image
this creates a feeling
and finally this propels the speech Going beyond the drama unit.....
Incorporating drama into the classroom can help break students' stage fright.
You can also.....
have students act out long, difficult narrative scenes,
explore tone in poetry by experimenting with vocal tones and body language,
participate in drama games to help retain information for a test,
and act out difficult parts of a poem (think of "The Jabberwocky").
What are the pros and cons? From just a pragmatic standpoint, Common Core mentions "Drama" 47 times!
Drama is a great way to get students to write, allowing student creativity.
Drama incorporates all areas of literacy development:
-vocabulary decoding and building
-multiple kinds of listening and speaking skills
-opportunity for social interaction
For struggling readers, plays are best read IN
the classroom...this takes a lot of class time!
Students are at times intimidated by drama (especially Shakespeare).
Some students may reject the idea of "performing" in front of their peers. And now for the encore....Let's look at a monologue from The Crucible!!