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Clayton College Case Study
Transcript of Clayton College Case Study
Michelle Ciesielski, Chelsea Clark, Whitley Denson, Zachery Holder,
Dave Lind, Riley O'Dell, and Johna Walsh Private college in the Southwest in the suburban town of Clayton
Enrollment Population: 22,000 students
Full time majority
3 women to 2 men Clayton College Intercollegiate Athletic
Supported by students and alumni
Athletic Center Renovation (Next year)
$900,00 raised by community members
7 Women's sports teams
Basketball, bowling. soccer, tennis, softball, swimming, track and field
8 Men's sports teams
Baseball, basketball, football, soccer, swimming, tennis, wrestling, track and field Clayton College Patrick Williams – Athletic Director (We are Patrick)
Wallace Hampton – Clayton College President
Douglas Matthews – Director of Development
Sophia Marshall – Student – Volleyball player
Mark Harper – Student – Baseball player
Wayne Spears – Alumni fund raiser Key Players Community members
Additional alumni donors
Potential Students/Athletes Additional Stakeholders Sophia petitioned for volleyball team under Title IX and collected 3,000 with the help of the Women’s Student Association
Clayton has always abided by the intent and letter of the Title IX requirements, but adding a new program for women will hurt the men’s programs financially
Men’s scholarships are at issue since scholarship money will need to be diverted to accommodate the new women’s volleyball team and male athletes will be hurt financially Case Issues Anticipation of a contentious battle begins with a local student on a baseball scholarship Mark is informed by the coach that his scholarship will be cut. The student will not be able to continue college
Male athletes petition that funding for the men’s programs not be cut, 4000 males students sign the petition
Wayne Spears threatens the college with withdrawing his financial support for the renovation project if the men’s programs are not left intact, other alumni follow suit and inform the Development Director of their intentions
The President, the Athletic Director, and the Development Director are concerned about the loss of donors for the new Athletic Center and are looking for a solution Case Issues (Cont.) Kohlberg’s Stage 2
Individuals follow rules since they feel it is in their best interest to do so.
What is right is defined by what is fair or equal.
Individuals have a pragmatic perspective.
Maximizes their interests while minimizes possible negative consequences to themselves.
Individuals understand that peoples needs and interests conflict with their own. Moral Development No person in the United States, shall on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Title IX The number of women's versus men's opportunities needed on a college campus is directly related to the enrollment number of the specific gender
Funding for men’s sports does not need to be cut in order to accommodate women's teams Title IX Starting a women’s volleyball team without hurting or minimizing the impact on the men’s athletic teams.
Regaining the support of the alumni and the primary fundraiser to keep the renovations of the Athletic Center on track. Problems Revenue available for athletics is about $20 million
Expenses are expected to be about $19 million
Auxiliary budgets will fund for $6 million student fees represent $10 million
Ticket sales are $700 thousand
Licensing rights are $1.8 million
Funding provided by outside contributors has never exceeded $1 million
Total expenditure on athletic teams is $8.8 million
The college offers $6 million in athletic scholarships to men and women athletes Financing Athletics at Clayton Male athletes receive $3.3 million dollars of the $6 million dollars available in athletic scholarships (55%)
Female athletes receive $2.7 million (45%) of the available scholarship funds
Men’s athletics receives about $5.54 million of the college’s $8.8 million (63%) to support eight men’s teams
Women’s teams receive $3.25 million (37%) to support seven teams Financing (Cont.) Process- The change should not happen to fast to overwhelm the students
Men’s sports being notified that their scholarships are being cut
Person- Reflects how a student interacts and gains from the environment in which they are in through student orgs, athletics, etc.
Title IX must reflect a proper ratio but is there enough interest in the sport
What is the level of engagement of the students Bronfenbrenner’s Theory of Ecology Development Context-
Microsystems in which the student is in control of what they do and who they interact with
Exosystems in which the need to acknowledging and understanding those who effect the student development even though they do not have direct interaction with student but control things like finical aid and scholarships, how those individuals need to take the student into consideration.
Time- Factoring in how time can affect the students with the focus of macrotime in which the “changing expectations and events in the larger society; both within and across generations, as they affect and are affected by, processes and outcomes of human development over the life course.” Theory of Ecology Development (Cont.) Form a committee that will work on creating a volleyball team to make recommendations
Five year plan to get volleyball team up - publicize to gain support/revenue from other alumni
Theory: Bronfenbrenner's Process and Time
Implement plan for accommodations in athletic center for new volleyball team Long-term Solutions The committee will comprise representatives of the different stakeholders
Men’s Sports Coach
Women’s Sports Coach
Director of Development
Officer of Alumni Association
Financial Aid Advisor Committee Kohlberg’s Stage 5
Laws and social systems are evaluated based on extent to which they promote human rights.
Social systems are viewed as a social contract created to protect the welfare of all.
Moral obligations and social contracts are based making agreements. Moral Development Applied to the Committee Create a club sport of Volleyball to compete competitively
Theory: Bronfenbrenner's Person and Context
A plan for the Athletic Center to include a space for the Volleyball team
Do not cut existing student scholarships and cut the number of scholarships offer in recruiting allowing current students to keep theirs
Theory: Bronfenbrenner's Process and Time
Establishing the expansion of fundraising efforts Short-Term Solutions Theory: Bronfenbrenner's Person and Context Athletics under title ix. (2012). Title IX. Retrieved from http://www.titleix.info/10-key-areas-of-title-ix/athletics.aspx
Bunker, L., Chaudhry, N., Kellers, P., Larkin, D.S., & Williams, V. (2000, September 14). Check it out: Is the playing field level for women and girls at your school? National Women’s Law Center. Retrieved from http://www.nwlc.org/resource/check-it-out-playing-field-level-women-and-girls-your-school#Authors
Club sports in college. (2012) Campus Explorer. From http://www.campusexplorer.com/college-advice-tips/BD757E5F/Club-Sports-in-College/
Pennington, B. (2008, December 1). Rise of college club teams creates a whole new level of success. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/02/sports/02club.html?pagewanted=all
Stage, K. & Hubbard, S. (2012). Linking theory to practice: Case studies for working with college students (3th ed.) New York, NY: Routledge.
Thomas, K. (2011, April 25). College teams, relying on deception, undermine gender equity. New York Times. Retrieved From http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/26/sports/26titleix.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1&
USA Today, (2011). Details of revenues and expenses at NCAA D-I public schools, 2006-2011. Sports' College Athletics Finances. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/sports/college/story/2012-05-14/ncaa-college-athletics-finances-database/54955804/1 References Questions & Candy!