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# Time Value of Money

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## melina chavarria

on 18 May 2015

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#### Transcript of Time Value of Money

Interest paid only on the original amount of money
Simple Interest
Future Value: Projected value of a
sum
of money at some point in the future

Future VS Present Value
Interest paid both on the original amount of money and on the interest it has already earned
Compound Interest
http://www.investopedia.com/calculator/fvcal.aspx
Using a Financial Calculator
A type of investment in which a person pays an amount of money and receives a set of amount of income on a regular basis.
Annuity
Divide 72 by your interest rate: how many years it will take for your money to double.
Rule of 72
Time Value of Money:

Don't rely on one single type of investment.

A diversified portfolio will help outweigh the risks overtime

low risk = lower returns
high risk = chance for higher returns

Depends on the comfort of the risk taker.
Melina Chavarria
Vanesa Falcon

-Time Value of Money:

Money received today is worth more
than money received next year or
the year after
" Don't work for
money,
let money
work for you"
(how much you can accumulate)
Present Value: Value of a sum of money at the present time
Formula for Future Value
Present value x (1+ interest rate)
n
n=# of years into the future
Formula for Present Value
Principal/ (1+ interest rate)
n
n= # of years into the past
Examples:
Suppose you place \$5000 in an account with a 4%
annual return. In 40 years, you will have approximately
\$24005
(5000)(1+ .04)
40
=
\$24005.10
Future Value
Present Value
Suppose you will receive \$5000 as a gift in a year.Assuming at a 5% rate, to calculate how much that money is worth now:
5000/(1+ 0.05) = \$4761.90
1
Proving Behavior
Examples:
-
-
House payments
Car payments
cash flow=intervals for a fixed period of time
\$1,000,000
Annuities allow you to calculate how much to save each year for a goal or a payment
Goal:
\$16,667/yr
Approx: 8% annual return
0.06%
Average interest on savings account
72/0.06=1200 years
Investments
Better Option:
9 year period
Exit Slip
1. What does the Rule of 72 determine?
2. Why is it important to know the future value of your money?
1. What is present value? What is future value?
2. Whats the difference between compound and simple interest?
3. Why is it wise to diversify your investments?
4.True or False
The higher the interest rate of return the less money you accumulate.
What is an "annuity" ?
5.
Full transcript