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The Golden Age of Islam: Social

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roselyn chosil

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of The Golden Age of Islam: Social

The Golden Age of Islam: The Golden age of Islam: political The Golden age of Islam: economic The present role of Islam in Middle Eastern politics is not a continuation but a reconstruction of the historical paradigms. In the premodern era, there were two Islamic paradigms. One was of an integral state and society unified under the political and moral leadership of a charismatic religious teacher; the other, of a society divided between state and religious institutions and differentiated political and religious elites, the latter being the custodians of the true Islam. The second tradition made room for purely secular monarchical concepts and a secular political culture. In the modern era, the historical Islamic paradigms have little influence on state formation. Even the avowedly Islamic states do not really hark back to the past but represent, for the most part, contemporary national states appealing to a new concept of national-state Islam. The Golden age of Islam: intellectual Islam is an entire way of life, and Allah's Guidance extends into all areas of our lives. Islam has given detailed regulations for our economic life, which is balanced and fair. Muslims are to recognize that wealth, earnings, and material goods are the property of God, and that we are merely His trustees. The principles of Islam aim at establishing a just society wherein everyone will behave responsibly and honestly. The fundamental principles of the Islamic economic system are as follows:It is forbidden to gain property or wealth by fraud, deceit, theft, or other falsehoods,It is particularly hateful for a guardian to take from an orphan's property,Forbidden are earnings from gambling, lotteries, and the production, sale, and distribution of alcohol.It is unlawful to hoard food and other basic necessitiesA Muslim should be responsible in spending moneyMuslims must pay Zakat (alms),Muslims are encouraged to give constantly in charity. During the Middle Ages, Muslim cities such as Baghdad, Istanbul, Cairo, Tripoli and Cordoba became cultural and intellectual centers where theologians, scholars, scientists, artists, writers, philosophers, mathematicians and others convened for scholarship, experimentation and discovery. The significant achievements made by Muslims from approximately 750 to 1500 A.D. led to the naming of this period as the Islamic Renaissance, or the Islamic Golden Age. Muslims were at the forefront of discoveries in ophthalmology, anatomy, physiology, pathology, surgery, chemistry and pharmaceuticals during the Islamic Renaissance. Great advances were also made in astronomy and mathematics, as well as in architecture, art and literature. he Crusades in the 12th and 13th centuries, the Mongol invasions in the 13th century and a number of plagues contributed to the weakening of the Islamic world and a gradual ending of the Islamic Golden Age. In subsequent centuries, Western invasions, colonialism, and economical and political issues all led to the eventual abolishment of the Islamic Caliphate in 1924. The Golden Ages of Islam: social Peasants, lords and clerics, with small groups of traders, manufacturers, artisans etc., just like each and every other pre-modern civilization up to the industrial revolution. In my hyper-modernist outlook there's nothing "golden" about any of them.
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