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Copy of The Endocrine System

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Dr. Marco Brotto

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Copy of The Endocrine System

Head and neck glands.
Part of the brain; small sized.
Between endocrine and nervous system.
Constructs releasing and occluding hormones, stopping and starting the creation of various hormones across the whole body.
Sustaining the body's inner balance.
Helps to stimulate heart rate and blood pressure, body temperature, thirst and other fluids and electrolytes (minerals in the body that have an electric charge ex. calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium.), eating habits and body weight, substances that are created to persuade the pituitary gland to release hormones, and sleep cycles.
Functions the pituitary gland.
Also known as hypophysis.
Head and neck glands.
Four tiny glands.
Located in the neck.
Breaks down the bone where most of the body's calcium is stored, causing calcium to release.
Helps the body's ability to absorb calcium from food.
Helps the kidney's ability to keep the calcium to not be release in the fluids when you urinate.
Pituitary Gland
Head and neck glands.
Small; located at the base of the brain, below the hypothalamus gland.
Attached to the hypothalamus by nerve fibers.
Hormones that it constructs control various actions in the body.
Body sends signals to different organs and glands throughout the body to control their function and continue a suitable environment.
Excretes hormones that have effects on the thyroid gland, testes, adrenal, and ovaries, then produces other hormones.
Controls sexual maturation, growth, metabolism, reproduction, blood pressure, etc.
The Organs, Functions and Placement of the Endocrine System.
Illness/Disease of the Endocrine System and the Medical Technology Available to Treat.
The Endocrine System
What is the Endocrine System?

The Endocrine system is a system that produces hormones by a group of glands and controls growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, metabolism, mood and sleep.
Why is the Endocrine System so important?
The Endocrine System is important because its what makes you feel certain ways. If the system never existed, we would be monotonous and we wouldn't be able to sleep!
Located deep in the center of the brain.
Head and neck gland.
Produces melatonin.
Manages reproductive hormones.
Head and neck glands.
Located at the front and below the adam's apple.
Shaped like a butterfly.
Creates hormones, body's metabolic rate including heart and digestive function, brain development and muscle control.
Located in heart.
Upper Torso.
Related to the immune system more than with the endocrine system.
Training and developing T-lymphocytes or T cells, an extremely important type of white blood cell.
Lower torso.
Females only.
Two ovaries.
Lay on each side of the womb.
Produces oocytes, also known as egg, for fertilisation.
Also produce reproductive hormones.
Release an egg in the middle of each menstrual cycle.
Located in the stomach and the small bowel.
Lower torso.
Generates digestive juices consisting powerful enzymes, helps break down and digest food after meals.
Able to release hormones straight into the blood at appropriate times.
Also known as Suprarenal glands.
Two adrenal glands.
Each gland sit on top of each kidney in the body.
Lower torso.
Small, triangular.
Move in the bloodstream.
Works with different body tissues for them to function properly.
Produce four main hormones: catecholamines, aldosterone, cortisol, androgens (testosterone.)
Located in the scrotum.
Lower torso.
Males only.
Produce sperm and produce hormones.
Main hormone released by the testes is testosterone, an androgenic hormone.
A Healthy Lifestyle for the Endocrine System.
Exercises to keep the Endocrine System healthy.
Heavy weightlifting - Boosts metabolic rate.

Aerobic exercise - Controls the release of thyroxine in the thyroid gland, control or reduce weight because testosterone and thyroxine boosts your metabolism, increases insulin sensitivity by reducing blood concentration so that high blood glucose doesn't lead to nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, organ failure, circulation problems and can lead to coma if left untreated.

Illnesses/diseases and the Medical Technology Available to Treat.
Foods that will help the endocrine system maintain balance and to function healthy
Flaxseeds are very helpful to the endocrine system because they are very high in calcium, so it is also a good starter food.
Iodine is good for the endocrine system because it can prevent thyroid problems such simple goiter. Iodine food sources include fish, sea vegetables, yogurt, strawberries, mozzarella, and cheese. Sardines and Salmon are good because they are high in calcium, iodine, and vitamin D.

- Parker, Steve. Hormones. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2003. Print.
- "Endocrine System." InnerBody. Tim Taylor, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2014.
- Cavazos, Miguel. "Effects of Exercise on Endocrine System." LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 06 Dec. 2014.
- "An Overview of the Hypothalamus." - The Endocrine System's Link to the Nervous System. Robert M. Sargis MD, PhD, n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2014.
- "You & Your Hormones." You & Your Hormones. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
- "Addison's Disease Diagnosis & Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
- "Cushing's Disease." UCLA Pituitary Tumor Program, Pituitary Tumor Surgery, Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
- "Understanding Addison's Disease -- the Basics." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

Most endocrine disorders include osteoporsis, which weaken you bones, and which also is caused by estrogen deficiency and thyroid disorders. To keep strong bones, eat foods high in calcium and vitamin D. Beans are great for the bones because they are high in calcium.

There are numerous diseases that affect the endocrine system, so here are a few of them
- Simple goiter
- Diabetes Insipidus
- Hyper Thyroidism
- Cushing Disease
- Addison's Disease
Simple goiter happens for no reason, but it usually happens when there is iodine lacking in blood.
A symptom would be a lump in front of the neck. The medical technology that would used to cure or diagnose would be an ultrasound and a biospy.
Diabetes insipidus happens when the posterier pituitary doesn't produce enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) due to a head injury or tumor.
The medical tecnology they use to cure or diagnose would be blood tests
Hyper-Thyroidism is cause by a overactive thyroid gland due to the problem in the gland's control system. The medical technology they would use to cure or diagnose would be blood tests and thyroid function tests
Cushing disease is caused by the pituitary gland excreting to much adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Cushing Disease comes in a tumor form. The medical technology they use to cure or diagnose would be a MRI and a dexamethasone suppression test.
Addison's Disease is a rare disease that comes in 1 in a million people. John F. Kennedy had this rare disease. it is caused by infections such as tuberculosi, removal of adrenal glands, bleeding of adrenal glands, and cancer of the adrenal glands. The medical technology they use to cure or diagnose are routine blood tests
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