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Midterm Review

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by

Josiah Santamaria

on 29 January 2016

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Transcript of Midterm Review

Midterm Review
Exposition
Rising Action
Plot Diagram
Climax
Falling Action
Resolution
Types of Conflict
Man vs Man
Man vs Nature
Man vs Society
Man vs Self
Alliteration
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Example: Chad clearly chooses the costly car.
Personification
Onomatopoeia
Hyperbole
Literary Terms
Any events that take place after the climax of the story
The part of the story that occurs after the falling action and is generally the end of the story.
The part in the story where the main conflict will finally play out.
The part of the story that provides details about characters and settings.
A series of events that builds leading to the climax of the story.
The struggle between the protagonist and antagonist.
The struggle between the protagonist and the forces of nature.
The struggle between the protagonist and the laws or beliefs of a group
The protagonist struggles with a decision of what to do or what to think
Giving human characteristics to something nonhuman

Example: The run down house appeared depressed.
Symbolism
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.

Example: Red can symbolize blood, passion, danger, or immoral character.
Words that describe the noises they represent.

Example: buzz, splash, thud
Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

Example: David has a ton of homework.
Point of View
Theme
Foreshadowing
Metaphor
Simile
Literary & Figurative Language
1st person: I, me, my
2nd person: you
3rd person: he, she, it
A topic or reoccurring idea
A warning or indication of future events
An implied comparison, in which two things are compared that might not normally be.

Example: time is a thief, rollercoaster of emotions
A comparison of two things, using the words "like" or "as."

Example: blind as a bat, life is like a box of chocolates
Characterization
Direct Characterization
When the author specifically reveals traits about the character in a direct, straightforward manner.

Example: Karen is bright, energetic, and helpful.
Indirect Characterization
When the author shows the character's personality through his/her speech, actions and appearance.

Speech: What does the character say and how does he/she speak?
Thoughts: What is shown about the character through his/her private thoughts and feelings.
Effect: What effect does the character have on other people? How do they feel or react to him/her?
Actions: What does the character do? How does the character act in different situations?
Looks: What does the character's appearance say about his/her personality?
Parts
of
Speech
Nouns
A person,place, or thing.

The subject of a sentence will always be a noun.
Verbs
A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence.
Adjectives
A word or set of words that modifies a noun or pronoun.

Examples: loud, great, short
Adverbs
Pronoun
Conjunctions
A word that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb.

Examples: lightly, expertly, truthfully
a word that can function by itself as a noun phrase and that refers either to the participants in the discourse (e.g., I, you) or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse (e.g., she, it, this).
A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to organize words in the same clause.

Examples: and, but, or, yet, so, nor, for.
Protagonist
The leading character or one of the main characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fiction text.

Examples: George (Of Mice and Men)
Antagonist
A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary.

Examples: Curly (Of Mice and Men), Zaroff (The Most Dangerous Game)
Mood
The atmosphere in a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.

Examples: gloomy, uncomfortable, numb, curious
Allusion
A figure of speech that refers to a well-known story, event, person, or object in order to make a comparison in the reader's mind.
Lamb to the Slaughter
The Most Dangerous Game
Of Mice and Men
The House on Mango Street
Irony
Verbal Irony
a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Situational Irony
appears between expectations of something to happen, and what actually happens instead.
Dramatic Irony
occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters
Imagery
means to use figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses
Idiom
Idioms are phrasing that might not norammly make sense except for a particular situation and are not meant to be taken literally.
Tone
the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.
the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place.
Setting
Full transcript