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Historical Immaterialism: From

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Athip Jittarerk

on 1 November 2014

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Transcript of Historical Immaterialism: From

Historical Immaterialism
: From Primitive Society
to Transnational Global Community


Athip Jittarerk
About the Speaker
About The Speaker
BA in Economics
MA in Anthropology
Past Research: Political Economy of Culture
Current Research: Copyright History & Immaterial Property
Why The Immaterial? What do I Mean by The Immaterial?
The Immaterial =

Private Intellectual Property

+

Immaterial Commons
Private Intellectual Property
Private Intellectual Property
Copyrights
Patents
Trademarks
Immaterial Commons
Culture (Anthropological Sense)
Language
Traditional Knowledge
Tradition
Genetic Information
Jokes
In the Beginning, There Was Commons
Stone Age

Every immaterial resource was communally owned
No one needed any license to make a copy of a stone axe
Roman Law have no concept of immaterial property (like other ancient civilizations)
Speech=Writing
No concept of immaterial ownership from the stone age to middle age
Early Modern Patents
= All Monopolistic Privileges Granted by The State
Dawn of The Immaterial:
From Early Patent to Royal Privilege
Printing Revolution
The Reformation & The Origin of Censorship
Rise of Absolute Monarchy: Each realm's monarch chose their realms official sect.
Result: Prohibition of other sects' teaching & printing
Problem: How to control media contents in the pre-surveillance era?
Solution: Establishing Censor
Further Solution: Book Guild as Censor>Printing Monopoly/Privilege/Patent
Rise of The Immaterial:
From Copyright to Intellectual Property
Revolutions ended all royal priveleges including printing priveleges
FREE PRESS
Old Publishers complained about "Piracy" & Book Pirates
Result: Copyright & Droit d'auteur
Balance between private interest of printers & authors and Public interest of readers
The immaterial privatized (for a period of time
Intellectual Property: A 19th Century Concept
Failed attempt to extend Patent's protection to the same level as Copyright's
Result: Systematic patent issuing procedure via Patent Office
However, Inventor ≠ Author
The Ancient Immaterial
Triumph of The Immaterial: Commons Colonized
Anatomy of the Immaterial
Immaterial
Commons

Immaterial
Commons
Semi-Perpetual Printing Privilege
Various Patents with No Clear Principle
Immaterial Commons
Copyright
Patent for Inventions
Trademark
When Expired
Public Domain
Middle Age Social Order
Warriors
Priests
Commoners
Masters
Journeymen
Apprentice
Peasants
1800
Books
Maps
Engravements
Musical Scores
Circa 1850
Just Copying
Books
Maps
Engravements
Musical Scores
Art Works
Photographs
Copying
Publicly Performing
Adapting
Early 20th Century
Books
Maps
Engravement
Musical Scores
Art Works
Photographs
Films
Copying
Publicly Performing
Adapting
Boardcasting

Late 20th Century
Capital [19th Century Concept]
= Every Factors of Production apart from Labour
Material Capital
Immaterial Capital (The Immaterial)
Publicly Owned
(Belong to the State)
Privately Owned
Privately
Owned
(Intellectual Property)
Immaterial
Commons
Books
Maps
Engravements
Musical Scores
Art Works
Photographs
Films
Sound Recordings
Computer Programs
Copying
Publicly Performing
Adapting
Boardcasting
Decrypting/ Hacking
The Immaterial?
General Intellect
Cultural Resource
Immaterial Labour
Public Domain
Historical Mode of Production
Hunting & Gathering > Labour
Agrarian > Labour+Land
Industrial > Labour+Material Capital
Digital > Labour+Material Capital+Immaterial Capital
Full transcript