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History of Philippine Theater and Drama
Transcript of History of Philippine Theater and Drama
Plays with Spanish Influence
- a play in verse
The New Sarswela
revival to revitalization
Mimetic forms in pre-Hispanic Philippines which constitute drama:
Verbal jousts or games
Songs and dances
*drama as tool for Christianization
*drama as pedagogical tool
*drama to attract people to the pueblos
loas, declamaciones, oraciones
- "minimal amount of theatrical expression, yet theatrical nonetheless"
- done upon the arrival of holy relics in Manila and during their installation
1598, Cebu: the first Comedia by Francisco Vicente Puche, staged in honor of Cebu's first bishop (Fray Pedro de Agurto)
1601: "oraciones Espanolas" during the inauguration of Colegio de San Jose - funcion teatral
Drama in the vernacular
1601, Siniloan, Laguna: Last Judgment
1602, Antipolo: play in Tagalog (title/topic not mentioned)
1609, Bohol: first religious play in a Philippine vernacular about the martyrdom of Santa Barbara
1611-1630: more dramas in religious feasts
1637: The Gran Comedia - "the first moro-moro"; enacted to celebrate the victory of Gov. Gen. Sebastian Hurtado de Corcuera over Sultan Kudarat; first play written in the country with Philippine subject matter (Retana)
aka. moro-moro, linambay, arakyo
- a play in verse depicting the lives, loves, and wars of Moorish and Christian kingdoms
Indigenized by the Filipinos:
comedia de capa y espada - secular komedya
comedia de santo - religious komedya
Komedyas that persist up to this day can be found in:
Iligan - Comedia de San miguel
- a type of Spanish musical theater, both spoken and sung
late 1878 or early 1879: Jugar con fuego by Francisco Asnjo Barbieri - 1st zarzuela offered in the Philippines
1880 (December 08): Junto al Pasig by Jose Rizal
August 17, 1893: inauguration of Teatro Zorilla - became the home of the zarzuela
October 25, 1893: El diablo mundo by Emilio and Rafael del Val (peninsulares); nusic by Jose Estella (Filipino)
combination of verse and prose, song, dance, and dialogue + new element of contemporary subject matter became the Filipino sarswela
September 13, 1900: Ing Managpe (The Patcher) - Pampanga's first sarswela; written by Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron; music by Amado Gutierrez David
1899: An Pagtabang ni San Miguel - first sarswela in Waray; by Norberto Romualdez
1901: Say Limang ag Naketket, Pampinsiwan; by Catalino Palisoc (Pangasinan)
1903: Ang Capitan (March 03) and Ang Viciohan (May 30) - written in Hiligaynon by Valente Cristobal
1908: Codigo Municipal and Meysa a Kandidato - by Mena Pecson Crisologo (Ilocano)
1902: Maputi ug Maitum - 1st sarswela by Vicente Sotto (Cebuano)
1902: Ang Kalupi (April), R.I.P., Walang Sugat (June 14) - by Severino Reyes (Tagalog)
"native sarswelistas focused on Filipino situations, domestic and social"
Sarswelas famous beyond their regions:
Paglipas ng Dilim