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Timeline of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilization

Timeline template master by Nick Collins
by

Andy Zhou

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of Timeline of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilization

1900 1541 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 300 BC 2100 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1910 1920 1930 1940 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Timeline for Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilization 0 AD 100 BC 200 BC 300 BC - 300 AD -The early Maya were influenced by the Olmec at Izapa, Abaj Takalik, El Baul, and Kaminalijuyu. They also build ceremonial centers such as Tikal, Uaxactun, and El Mirador. The Maya created its civilization on the Yucatan Peninsula, a large rain forest.They used sinkholes to supply them with year-round water (The to their survival) 300-800 - The golden age of Maya civilization. Architecture, art, and science flourish in cities such as Copan, Quirigua, Naranjo, Piedras Negras, Uxamal, Coba, and Chichen Itza. They controlled the land of present day Guatemala, Belize, and parts of Mexico. Mayan Calendar Mid 8th Century - Low resources; disease, and hunger start taking effect. Cities in the southern lowlands, such as Tikal, are deserted for reasons that are still unclear; by 900 A.D., all Mayan cities have been deserted. The Maya (300 BC - 1541 AD) The Aztec (1345 - 1521 AD) The Inca (1200 - 1532 AD) 1195 - The Aztec arrive in the Valley Of Mexico 1345 -The Aztecs establish Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco 1519 - Spanish invaders land in Mexico 1521 - Emperor Montezuma II killed. End of Aztec Empire 1200 AD - According to Inca legend, Manco Capac came to power and founded the city of Cuzco 1531 AD- Francisco Pizzaro meets with the Incan king, or the Sapa Inca, Atahualpa; the Incan king brought with him 5,000 unarmed bodyguards 1532 AD- Spanish defeat the Inca. Emperor Atahualpa killed. 980 AD - Toltecs invade Yucatan and make Chichen Itza their capital. The Maya civilization survives under Toltec rule. 1200 - 1500 AD - New Maya capital established at Mayapan 1428 - Triple Alliance formed (Texcoco, Tenochtitlan, and Tlacopan) The Aztecs take control of the Valley of Mexico. 1520 - 1541 - Spanish conquest of Guatemala and Yucatan By Andy Zhou Made Possible By: 1438 AD - The Inca have control over the Cuzco Valley; called their empire "Land of the Quarters," thinking they had conquered the world. Bibliography: Baquedano, Elizabeth. Aztec, Inca & Maya. New York: Knopf, 1993. Print.
Dalal, Anita. Ancient Aztec and Maya. Redding, CT: Brown Bear, 2009. Print.
Kolata, Alan L. Ancient Inca. Cambridge [England: Cambridge UP, 2013. Print.
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