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History of the Sacraments

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by

Theresa Everson

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of History of the Sacraments

20th Century
Vatican II [1963-65]
Pope John XXIII
aggiornamento = update, make relevant
basic matter and form of Sacraments preserved
some
variety and diversity
:
vernacular
cultural expression
others?
History of the Sacraments
Early Church:
2nd and 3rd centuries
sacramentum
[Latin] = pledge of fidelity
5th Century
Middle Ages:
500 - 1500
Church undisciplined
Sacraments take on an erroneous magical sense
Clergy takes on a royal sense, and so liturgies become royal spectacles
Apostolic Age: 1st Century
Apostolic Age = from the time of Jesus and the Apostles up to approx. 100 A.D.; Sacraments were:
informal
individual
spontaneous
mysterion
[Greek] =
God's loving plan
for salvation
Despite persecutions,
number of Christians grows!
Sacraments are
covert
, but
communal
.
4th Century
Emperor Constantine ends persecutions.
Christianity becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Sacraments become

formal and ceremonial
.
long processions
chant
candles, incense
embroidered vestments
golden vessels
Roman Empire collapses.
Sacramental life of the Church diminished.
Council of Trent [1545-1563]
Canon Law
refined
Lectionary
, book of scripture readings, assembled
Sacramentary
, book of ritual rules and prayers, developed
Missal
, book of Mass ritual, developed
order, uniformity
St. Augustine of Hippo
[354-430]
Sacraments =
visible signs of invisible grace
sacramental imagination
= If we have eyes for it, the world itself is sacrament.
Seal of the Sacraments or Sacramental Character
= the indelible sign imprinted on the soul after Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination
St. Thomas Aquinas
[1225-1274]
Ex opere operato
= "by the very fact that the action as been done," God is present in the Sacraments
God's presence transcends the holiness or worthiness of the ministers or the recipients
21st Century
Roman Missal, 3rd Ed.
Advent - 2011
Protestant Reformation [1517]
Catholic Counter-Reformation [1520s]
Martin Luther [1483-1546]
Full transcript