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Transcript of Biomes
by Justine Penaflorida
Tropic Forests are distributed around
the world. Some are located in Central
America by the Amazon River basin, Africa,
Average precipitation is around
50 to 260 cm. The average temperatures in Tropical Forests are around 68 – 93 degrees Celsius.
Some plants that can be located are canopies, orchids, bromeliads, vines, ferns, mosses, and palms.
Some animals that can be found depending on the location are the African forest elephant, chimpanzees, king cobras, silvery gibbons, and vampire bats.
The Tropical Forest is important because they produce 40% of the Earth’s oxygen. Many rare plants and animals live only in the forests. The Savanna covers almost half the surface of Africa, large areas of Australia, South American, and India.
The average precipitation is around 50.8 – 127 cm. Animals you will see at a savanna are elephants, giraffes, zebras, buffaloes, kangaroos, mice, moles, gophers, ground squirrels, and snakes. The animals you see depend on which savanna you go to. Some plants in a savanna are elephant grass, Whistling Thron, Acacia Senegal, Gum Tree Eucalyptus, and Jarrah tree. The Savanna is an important biome because there are many animals that live there. Without it many animals will have no place to live.
Abotic factors are seasonal temperatures,
seasonal rainfalls, compact soil, and high temperature. Abiotic factors of a Tropical biome is the climate, sunglight, weather, and precipitation.
The dry deserts are located near the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn.
The average temperature would be around 20-25 degrees Celsius. It’s very hot!
The average precipitation would be less than 10 inches a year.
Some plants found in the desert biome would be shrubs, short woody trees, Turpentine Bushes, Prickly Pears, and Bittle Bushes.
The Desert is important because it shows how animals and plants adapted to the hot climate. It contributes to the biodiversity that we have on Earth. Animals that can be found are insects, arachnids, Borrowers, Mourning Wheatears, and Horned Vipers.
Abiotic factors are Sand, Sunlight, water, air and temperature The Chaparral can be located on the West coast of the United States, the West Coast of South America, the Cape Town area of South Africa, and the Western tip of Australia. It is the smallest biome.
The average temperature is around 40 degree Fahrenheit to 100 degrees. This biome only gets around 10-17 inches of rain annually. Some plants located in chaparrals are Poison Oak, Scrub Oak, Yucca Wiple, trees and cacti. Animals that live in the Chaparral are coyotes, jack rabbits, mule deers, alligator lizards, horned toads, and honey bees. The Chaparral is an important biome because it contains beautiful and unique plants. Abiotic factors are hot, dry summers, cool-moist winters; thin, nutrient-poor soils; and periodic fires. The temperature grassland is located in the veldts of South Africa, Hungary, Argentina, Uruguay, and Central North America. Average Precipitation is around 50.8-88.9 centimeters. Summer temperatures are well over 38 degrees Celsius. During the winter the temperature is -40 degrees Celsius.
Animals found in the Temperate Grassland are gazelles, zebra, rhinoceroses, wild horses, lions, wolves, prairie dogs, jack rabbits, deer and mice. The temperature grassland is an important biome because it’s vital in raising livestock. Many livestock would graze on the grasses. Abiotic factors are temperature, dirt, water, and sunlight. The Temperate Broadleaf Forest can be found in the Eastern half of North America, and in the middle of Europe. The average precipitation is 75-150 centimeters and it’s distributed evenly throughout the year. Some plants found are canopies, oak, hickory, beech, hemlock, maply, basswood, cottonwood, elm, willow, and spring-flowering herbs. Animals that can be found are squirrels, rabbits, skunks, birds, deer, mountain lions, bobcats, timber wolves, and black bears. The Temperate Forest is important because the forest recycles many of the nutrients in the soil. There is a lot of diversity found in the forest. Abiotic factors are rocks, soil, rain, and sunlight. The Taiga can be found on mountain tops, deserts, and tropical forests. It stretches over Eurasia and North America just under the tundra. Winter temperatures go from -54 to -1 degrees Celsius and summer temperatures go from -7 to 21 degrees Celsius. Average precipitation is 30-85 centimeters. Plants found are lichens, mosses, coniferous trees (pine, white spruce, hemlock), and douglas fir. Animals found are lynx, bobcats, minks, ermine, snowshoe rabbits, and red squirrels. It’s important because it contributes to the Earth biodiversity and balance. It also gives us a lot of oxygen from the trees.
The Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere. The temperature during the winter is around -34 degrees Celsius and during the summer it’s around 3-12 degrees Celsius. Plants that can be found in the tundra are low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, grasses, and foliose lichen. Animals that can be seen are lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares, squirrels, arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears. It’s important because it’s one of the fewest places where animals who adapted in the cold can live. Abiotic factors are permafrost, strong winds, little precipitation, short summer days, and very long, cold winters. Plants in the grasslands are tall-grass, North American prairie are Buffalo Grass, Sunflower, Crazy Weed, Asters, Blazing Stars, Coneflowers, Goldenrods, Clover, and Wild Indigos.