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Traditional Assessment vs. Authentic Assessment
Transcript of Traditional Assessment vs. Authentic Assessment
-is a process of gathering evidence of what a student can do, and provides feedback on a student's learning to encourage further development.
- captures aspects of students’ knowledge, deep understanding, problem-solving skills, social skills, and attitudes that are used in a real-world, or simulation of a real-world situation.
- It encourages students to reflect in their own learning in both depth and breadth.
Traditional Assessment vs.
Advantages & Disadvantages of Traditional Assessment
Advantages & Limitations of Authentic Assessment
- It refers to the conventional methods of testing which usually produce a written document, such as quiz, exam, or paper. Standardized tests, most state achievement test, and high school graduation examination are also examples of traditional assessment.
- Tests given to the students by the teachers to measure how much the students have learned.
- It is the most common way because it provides valuable information about students learning.
Traditional Assessment Tools:
- Multiple-choice Tests
- Short answer Tests
- True or False Tests
- tests are commonly utilized by the teachers, schools, and assessment organizations for the following reasons:
1. They are fast, easy, and economical to store. ( machine scorable )
2. They can be scored objectively and may give the test appearance of being fairer and /or more reliable than subjectively scored tests.
3. They “look like” tests and may thus seem to be acceptable by convention.
4. They reduce the chances of learners guessing the correct items in comparison to true-false items.
– kind of test wherein the items are written either as a direct question requiring the learner fill in a word or phrase or as statements in which a space has been left blank for a brief written answer.
test items that require students to make decision and find out which of two potential responses is true. It is also easy to score and administer but it is quite hard to find out whether the student really knows the correct answer.
these are effective assessment tools because the questions are flexible and assess the higher order learning skills.
-They are not very practical to use because these are difficult to check and time consuming to score.
Performance assessments call upon the examinee to demonstrate specific skills and competencies, that is, to apply the skills and knowledge they have mastered.
Richard J. Stiggins
A form of assessment in which students are asked to perform real-world tasksthat demonstrate meaningful application of essential knowledge and skills
Other Terms for Authentic Assessment
- Performance Assessment
- Alternative Assessment
- Direct Assessment
In order to increase the effectiveness of performance assessment, instructors need to pay attention to the following points:
1. Selecting assessment tasks that are clearly aligned or connected to what has been taught.
2. Sharing the scoring criteria for the assessment task with students prior to working on the task.
3. Providing students with clear statements of standards and / or several models of acceptable performances before they attempt a task.
4. Encouraging students to complete self-assessments of their performances.
5. Interpreting students’ performances by comparing them to standards that are appropriate.
Alternative assessment strategies include:
- Open-ended questions
- Computer simulations
Authentic Assessment (AA
- Peer rating / Self rating
- Role play and drama
- Concept maps
The two common alternative assessment techniques:
“purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student’s efforts, progress, and achievements in one or more areas”.
are any type of method or products that display what student know about a specific topic.
The benefits of portfolios are pointed out by Arter (1995). Students will:
1. Get a broader, more in-depth look at what students know and can do.
2. Base assessment on a more “authentic” work.
3. Have a supplement or alternative to report cards and standardized tests.
4. Have a better way to communicate student progress to parents.
Benefits of Projects
-Teachers Can Measure Learning
-Projects Allow Collaboration
The move towards authentic assessment, according to Wiggins* (1990) is designed to:
1. make students successful learners with acquired knowledge
2. provide students with a full range of skills (e.g., research, writing, revising, oral skills, debating, and other critical thinking skills)
3. demonstrate whether the student can generate full and valid answers in relation to the task or challenge at hand
4. provide reliability by offering suitable and standardized criteria for scoring such tasks and challenges
5. give students the chance to ‘rehearse’ critical thinking in achieving success in their future adult and professional lives
6. allow for assessment that meets the needs of the learners by giving authenticity and usefulness to results while allowing students greater potential for improving their learning and teachers more flexibility in instruction
Advantages of Traditional/Standardized Assessment
1. Helpful for gauging students' progress (J. Franklin, 2002).
2. Allowed examiners to pose an identical set of questions simultaneously, under similar conditions, in much less time and less cost to a rapidly expanding student body, thereby producing a comparable score for policy instruments (Mathison, 1997; Stiggins, 1991).
3. Reveal how well students can recall, organize, and clearly communicate previously learned information.
4. Traditional tests can’t be beaten when it comes to reliability, not to mention efficiency. There is little chance that the scores on a test will vary between one rater (Liskin-Gasporro, 1997).
5. Wide range of statistical analyses and comparisons because the true score on a test is very close to the reported score (Liskin-Gasporro, 1997).
6. Evidence shows that traditional assessment is linked with public accountability which paves the way to school improvement. Thus accountability for test scores is viewed as the key to productive educational change (Stiggins, 1995).
Disadvantages of Traditional Assessment:
1. Lacking real-world context.
2. Students answer questions one by one without the need to apply long-term critical reasoning skills
3. Students also lack chances to demonstrate their reasoning skills despite a lack of knowledge about a question's specific subject matter.
Advantages of Authentic Assessment:
1. It assesses complex learning outcomes not measured by paper-and-pencil test.
2. It assesses the process as well as the product.
3. It communicates instructional goals that relate to real world context.
4. It assesses the progress as well as the performance.
5. It involves the students in the process of assessing their own growth.
6. It evaluates the “whole student”
Limitations of Authentic assessment:
1. Constructing performance assessment is time consuming.
2. Scoring is often questionable because if the scoring guide is not properly prepared.
3. It may be an added cost to the schools.
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