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Assignment 1 - What is the role of a School Social Worker?

Assignment 1 for SOCW 642
by

Arielle Thibodeaux

on 19 May 2011

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Transcript of Assignment 1 - What is the role of a School Social Worker?

What is the role of a School Social Worker? History of School Social Work In New York, Boston, Hartford and Chicago visiting teachers begin working. They were initiated and hired by outside agencies and groups such as settlement houses. (Massat, C.R., Constable, R., McDonald, S., & Flynn, J.P., 2009, p. 12-13) The Board of Education in Rochester, NY hires it's first visiting teacher. This was a recognition that the child's environment outside of the school could impede learning and the school's attempt to educate the child and therefore a need for outside intervention. (Massat et al., 2009, p. 13-14) Florence Poole developes a rationale for school social work practice. She "...ultimately shifted the focus from the problem pupil who could not adjust and adapt to the school to pupils and the schools adapting to each other in the context of
every child's right to an education" (Massat et al., 2009, p. 16-17). The 1950's-60's saw the consolidation of NASW. Clarifications of social work practice outlined by Barlett & Gordon and the beginning of the school social work specialization. (Massat et al., 2009, p. 18-19) 1906-07 1913 1949 50's - 60's The Models of Providing School Social Work Services John Alderson Clincial Model Community School School Change Social Interaction Four Models for Practice focusing on the change from the student who has social or emotional difficulties changing the environment and conditions in the school focusing on the reciprocal interactions and relationship of the school and community focusing on person in environment for change (Massat et al., 2009, p. 20) Lela Costin school community-pupil relations model 1. direct couseling 2. advocacy 3. consulatation 4. community linkage 5. interdisciplinary team coordination 6. needs assessment 7. program & policy development (Massat et al., 2009, p. 20) Ecological Systems Model (Massat et al., 2009, p. 21) "A system is an organized holistic unit of interdependent,
transacting, and mutually influencing parts...
within an indentifiable...environment" (Massat et al., 2009, p. 21) So you want to be a School Social Worker? “School social workers have long been concerned about children who are not able to use what education has to offer” (Massat et al., 2009, p. 5). Those who work as school social workers are under regulations and certifications that vary by state. SSWAA https://www.sswaa.org/index.asp?page=105 School Social Workers in Illinois must be certified.
To be certified one must: Have a masters degree from an accredited Social Work program
Have completed a school social work preparation in Illinois or comparable program in another state
400 supervised practicum hours by someone with their masters
At least 600 practicum hours in a school
Pass the School Social Worker #184 test
Pass the Illinois basic skills test Illinois State Board of Education http://www.isbe.state.il.us/certification/requirements/section9.pdf What do School Social Workers do? “School social workers practice in the most vulnerable parts of the educational process, and so their roles can be as complex as the worlds they deal with” (Massat et al., 2009, p. 5) They work with Students Parents Schools Communities Students face diverse issues today that are often confronted in the school setting. Social Workers can help to ease tension through working with students. School social workers:
help students achieve educational standards
teach students about relationship building
counsel students regarding emotional issues, depression or how to cope with issues IASSW http://www.iassw.org/info.htm “The school is a community of families, of teachers, parents, and others working in partnership with one another as socializers of children” (Massat et al., 2009, p. 551). School Social Workers work with teachers and administrators to help students. Social Workers have a unique skill set that help them to indentify the uniqueness of individuals and the complex issues they may face. They help teachers and administrators to better understand these diverse and complicated issues and problem solve using their skill set. “school social workers seek to empower families to play more meaningful and productive roles in their children’s education...” (Massat et al., 2009, p. 173). School Social Workers also
help parents understand the needs of their children
link them with needed resources
help them to understand children with special needs IASSW http://www.iassw.org/info.htm “Although it is schools that are being held accountable for achieving outcomes, these outcomes can only be generated by families, communities, and schools together” (Massat et al., 2009, p. 165). Social Workers help communities
understand school policies & programs
address issues that impede learning
develop resources for children
analyze and introduce policy to improve the community environment IASSW http://www.iassw.org/info.htm Policies & School Social Work In Illinois, school social workers are expected to abide by confidentiality laws that conflict with school confidentiality agreements. The School Records Act has laws governing confidentiality that school social workers are expected to abide by. Given the complexity of confidentiality with the client and the schools "need to know" the school social worker must make ethical decisions when divulging information about the client. IASSW http://www.iassw.org/pp-confidentiality.htm Illinois Law mandates what school social work means and what a school social workers duties are This means school social workers are obligated to perform certain duties because of Illinois state law such as:
developing and implementing prevention programs
provide crisis intervention
Supervision of interns Illinois General Assembly
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs4.asp?DocName=010500050HArt.+14&ActID=1005&ChapAct=105%26nbsp%3BILCS%26nbsp%3B5%2F&ChapterID=17&ChapterName=SCHOOLS&SectionID=17314&SeqStart=99100000&SeqEnd=104100000&ActName=School+Code. Earyly 20th century School attendance becomes a compulsory law for all children. (Allen-Meares, 1996, p. 202) 70's - 80's 90's Many developments for school social workers came out of the 70's-80's. NASW developed standards for school social work practice, professional conferences were held and legislation mandating services were passed. (Allen-Meares, 1996, p. 203) Practioners began to see the need for school reforms, the need for partnering with the surrounding community and the diverse issues students faced such as homosexuality, HIV/AIDS and gun violence. (Allen-Meares, 1996, p. 202) The 7 parts of school social work practice In the end, the role of the school social worker is defined by the needs of the school, students, parents and communities that may not always be in harmony with one another. This situation is best outlined by Sandra Kopels, "the school social worker faces pressure from a number of sources who may want access to information about a child. For example, a teacher may want to know the cause of her pupil's belligerence, or a community agency may want information about the child's home life. This information cannot be disclosed without consent. The situation is complicated by the fact that the school social worker may have professional or personal responsibilities to or relationships with these parties. For example, the school social worker is an employee of a school district and a colleague of teachers and other school personnel. However, school administrators, school personnel, and members of the community are not the social work client and are not entitled to information without consent" (1992, p. 205). Thanks for chekcing out my prezi!
Works cited included in the discussion.
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