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Transcript of Food Security
The food procured by the FCI is distributed through government regulated ration shops among the poorer section of the society.
Ration shops are now present in most localities, villages, towns and cities. There are about 4.6 lakh ration shops all over the country. Ration shops also known as Fair Price Shops keep stock of foodgrains, sugar, kerosene oil for cooking. These items are sold to people at a price lower than the market price
Instances of hunger are prevalent despite overflowing granaries.
The storage of massive food stocks has been responsible for high carrying costs, in addition to wastage and deterioration in grain quality.
The increased food grains procurement at enhanced MSP# is the result of the pressure exerted by leading
ndia is aiming at Self-sufficiency in Foodgrains since Independence.
After independence, Indian policy makers adopted all measures to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains. India adopted a new strategy in agriculture, which resulted in the Green Revolution especially in the production of wheat and rice.
Buffer Stock is the stock of foodgrains, namely wheat and rice procured by the government through Food Corporation of India (FCI).
The FCI purchases wheat and rice from the farmers in states where there is surplus production.
The farmers are paid a pre-announced price for their crops. This price is called Minimum Support Price.
The MSP is declared by the government every year before the sowing season to provide incentives to the farmers for raising the production of these crops.
The purchased foodgrains are stored in granaries.
This is done to distribute foodgrains in the deficit areas and among the poorer strata of society at a price lower than the market price also known as Issue Price.
This also helps resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the periods of calamity
What Is food Security?
Who are food insecure?
Poorer section - landless people with little or no land to depend upon, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty self-employed workers and destitute including beggars.
In the urban areas, the food insecure families are those whose working members are generally employed in ill-paid occupations and casual labour
persons above the poverty line might also be food insecure when the country facesa national disaster/calamity like earthquake, drought, flood etc.
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a) availability of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous years stock stored in government granaries.
(b) accessibility means food is within reach of every person.
(c) affordability implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.
Social Composition - SC & ST, OBCs, People affected by natural disasters,
The food insecure people are disproportionately large in some regions of the country, such as economically backward states with high incidence of poverty, tribal and remote areas, regions more prone to natural disasters etc
Hunger is not just an expression of poverty, it brings about
poverty. The attainment of food security therefore involves eliminating current hunger and reducing the risks of future
hunger. Hunger has chronic and seasonal dimensions.
Chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate in terms of quantity and/or quality.
Seasonal hunger is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting.
The highest rate of growth was achieved in Punjab and Haryana, where foodgrain production jumped from 7.23 million tonnes in
1964-65 to reach an all-time high of 30.33 million tonnes in 1995-96.
Production in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and the northeastern states continued to stagger. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, on the other hand, recorded significant increases in rice yield.
There are three kinds of ration cards:
(a) Antyodaya cards for the poorest of the poor;
(b) BPL cards for those below poverty line;
(c) APL cards for all others.