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Transcript of Feminism
Third Wave of Feminism
Second Wave of Feminism
May 1960, FDA approves birth control pills
First Wave of Feminism
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972:
passed in attempt to put an end to discrimination based on sex for any educational programs receiving federal funding.
Challenges the second wave's definitions of femininity; that often assumed a universal female identity and emphasizing the experiences of upper middle class white women.
Goals of Third Wave
Sought for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.
Many third wave feminist were born around 60's - 70's.
Focused more on social injustice.
Racism, child abuse, rape, homophobia, classism, reproductive rights, and more.
Focused on coalition building and mass activism.
After the Second Wave ended, feminism started to fade (mid-late 1980's).
Deconstructing stereotypes of women.
Celebrating the diversity of women.
Individual voices of women.
June 10th 1963 Equal Pay Act
1964 Civil Rights Act Tittle VII
October 29th 1966 NOW founded, Betty Friedan as president
Executive Order 11375, employment 1967
Felt the second wave failed on certain areas.
Goal of First Wave
Goal of Second Wave
Men & Feminism Today
Set their sights on improving women's access to education, employment, and benefits, as well as reproductive rights.
Women are beginning to "marry down" because of decreased chances of education and job availability for men
Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp 1971
January 1973, Roe v Wade
Women Admitted into Military Academies 1975
June 1977, Maher v Roe
February 1979, the first abortion counseling clinic opened by Bill Baird, was firebombed
What is "Feminism"?
The American Dream and Identity
The diverse collection of both ideologies and movements that describe, define, and defend equal gender rights.
Protects women’s interests in economic, political, and social rights.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act 1978
Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
19th Amendment: Women's Suffrage (1919)
Vietnam War, Baby Boom, Civil Rights Movement, Gay Rights Movement, Roe vs Wade
Famous period characterized with the championing and mandate for gender equity.
Betty Friedan and "The Feminine Mystique" (1963)
World War II left many widows needing to pursue higher education to support themselves.
Many universities began to admit women.
Co-eduction became standard in 1970's.
"Women are simultaneously victims of themselves as well as victims of men and are upholders of society by acting as mirrors to men."
- Virginia Woolf "A Room of One's Own"
For the first time, men are beginning to face lower pay and a smaller job pool because of women's equality (more women becoming educated and more competitions for the same jobs
first women's right convention; protest the mistreatment of women in social, economic, political, and religious life.
There are 3 waves of Feminism.
Women gender roles.
Feminism helped women to achieve or get closer to the "American Dream".
Now, however, women are expected to be both provider and sustainer
It helped create a new identity for woman, aside from being a mother/housewife, typical stereotype.
What will this mean for continued development of gender roles for men and women?
1965, Griswold v Connecticut, repealed the Comstock Act
Hill vs. Thomas
1967, Colorado is the first
state to allow abortion
Men are increasingly taking on household division of labor
Fourth Wave Feminism
Inspired by Take Your Daughter to Work Day (started in 2008)
Rejects Traditional Binary Gender Roles (sees Feminism as a movemment for everyone)
Utilizes Social Media and Technology to Publicize its message
Connected through technology