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Copy of Teaching Context Clues Lesson

Teaching tips to using Context Clues when reading Unit 5
by

Tanya Hall

on 28 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Teaching Context Clues Lesson

Standards:
9.L.4: Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
All About Context Clues!!!!!
Warm Up
Read the passage and answer the following questions.
His father did not mean to be cruel, but he was himself a hard working man, an early riser and a swift workman. It seemed natural and necessary to have his son work. He himself had been bound out at nine years old and he had never known a weeks release from toil.
What does the word toil mean?
A. parenting
B. vacation
C. rest and relief
D. hard work
Answer: D. Hard Work
In the warm up, you used context clues to choose your answer.
Context clues are the author's clues or hints that helps the reader to understand or identify unknown words in a sentence.
In this lesson you will learn various tips about how to use context clues to answer questions.
LETS GET STARTED!!!!!!!!!!!!
Tip #1: Look for other words that have a similar meaning.
Words that you do know may give you clues to understand words that you do not know.
Let's look at this example:
John tried to open his soda bottle, but it would not budge. No matter how hard he tried, the bottle would not open.
By looking at words or phrases that surround the word budge, such as "would not open" we can infer that budge means to not move or change.
Tip #2: Use cueing systems to figure out the meaning of a word.
3 cueing systems:
Graphophonic cues- visual/oral cues; letter- sound
semantic cues- meaning or comprehension cues
syntatic cues- grammatical cues
In graphponic cues, words are broken down into letters, sounds, syllables, prefixes, chunks etc. Ask yourself :
Does it look right?
In semantic cues, the word should make sense when used in the sentence. Ask yourself:
Does it make sense?
In syntactic cues, the word should make sense and sound right. Ask yourself:
Does it sound right?
Tip #3: Plug in the answer choices to see which one makes the most sense when used in the sentence.
Example 1:
Megan stared at Henry with narrowed eyes. Their dispute was beginning to attract attention, and Megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office. Henry grinned at her meanly, waiting for a response, but instead Megan turned and walked away.
The word dispute means:
A. greeting
B. argument
C. conversation
D. show
Let's use tip #3 to find the answer! :)
A. greeting
Their was beginning to attract attention, and Megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office.
If you substitute "greeting" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because a greeting would not cause a big commotion. Therefore A. greeting is not the answer.
B. argument
Their was beginning to attract attention, and Megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office.
If you substitute "argument" for the blank, the sentence makes sense because an argument is sure to attract attention and get you in trouble during school.
Therefore, B. argument is the answer.
C. conversation
Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office.
If you substitute "conversation" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because a simple conversation will not attract attention nor is a reason to get in trouble.
Therefore C. conversation is not the answer.
D. show
Their was beggining to attract attention, and megan didn't want a teacher to come and take them to the principal's office.
If you substitute "show" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because Megan and Henry would not put on a show during class time.
Therefore D show is not the answer.
Use the language binder page 27 and set up for cornell notes. Put heading:
Tips
Notes
Tip #1
Look for other words that have a similar meaning.
Tip #4: Look for clues or hints the author gives about the meaning of the word.
Ex : John went to get a vaccine, or shot, to prevent getting infected with the spreading disease.
The clues surrounding the word vaccine let us know that a vaccine is another word for a shot.
clue
Remember---
Authors leave clues in the text.

Use these clues, and you can figure out unknown words!

The Prefix Con means "with" or "together." The text is what you are reading SO context means within the text.
CONTEXT
5 Tips for using
Context Clues

We will learn 5 ways writers help readers understand new words.
Tips
Notes
Tip #3
Plug in the answer choices to see which one makes the most sense when used in the sentence.
Writers give the words meaning (definition) in the text.
Pyramids are ancient (old) buildings that were built in Egypt.
Marco believe that can accomplish or do whatever he wants to if he works hard.
Tip #1: Writers give the words meaning (definition) in the text.
If you substitute "greeting" for the blank, the sentence doesn't make sense because a greeting would not cause a big commotion. Therefore A. greeting is not the answer.
Tip #1) Writers give the reader a part of a word she or he already knows.
Historians believe that dinosaurs and humans did exist on our planet at same time.
My sister wants to be a zoologist when she grows up.
Tips
Notes
Tip #4
writers give the reader a part of a word she or he already knows
Look for clues or hints the author gives about the meaning of the word.
#4: writers give the reader a part of a word she or he already knows
There are thousands of kinds of amphibians that live on earth. Salamanders and frogs spend part of their lives on land and part in living.
My sister always manages to prolong the time it takes our family to leave the house in the mornings she sleeps through her alarm, takes super long showers, and can never decide what she wants to wear. No matter how much my mm tries to rush her along, we are always late for school.
Tips
Notes
Tip #2
3 cueing systems:
Graphophonic cues- visual/oral cues; letter- sound
semantic cues- meaning or comprehension cues
syntatic cues- grammatical cues
Tip #2: Use cueing systems to figure out the meaning of a word.
Use the language binder page 27 and set up for Cornell notes. Put heading:
Tips
Notes
Tip #1
writers give the reader a part of a word she or he already knows
Look for clues or hints the author gives about the meaning of the word.
Writers give the words meaning (definition) in the text.
Tips
Notes
Tip #5
Writers use words that have the same meaning.
Writers use synonyms
writers use antonyms
Writers use a words that have the opposite meaning
The mouse scurried across the floor to escape from the cat. His heat pitter-pattered in his chest as he moved quickly to his hole in the kitchen wall.
Synonym
A human's heart beats by contracting. The squeezing and relaxing of your heart are what keeps blood pumping through your body.
Antonyms
Many mountain climbers have tried to reach the summit of Mount Everest. From the bottom, climbers have to hike 29,029 feet.
When my baby brother is irritated, he screams at the top of his lungs. To help calm him, my mother often sings lullabies.
Context Clues
Look for clues that indicate an unfamiliar word is similar or opposite in meaning to a familiar word or phrase.
Context DOES matter!
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