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Battle of Gettysburg
Transcript of Battle of Gettysburg
This battle took place July 1-3, 1863. Just about 2 years and 3 1/2 months after the beginning of the Civil War.
The Union Generals were:
Outcome of the Battle
The Union won this battle. It was the Confederates greatest loss and they lost more than one-third (28,000 out of 75,000) of the men they brought. The Union only lost 23,000 men out of the 95,000 men they brought. The main reason the Union won was because they had better stragties, but having more men helped.
Where did the Battle of Gettysburg take place?
As the name states, the Battle of Gettysburg took place just outside of the lovely town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The Confederate Generals were:
General Robert E. Lee
General Richard S. Ewell
General George G. Meade
General Winfield S. Hancock
General George S. Greene
Impact of the Battle
A Bloodbath for Confederates
Lily Fugita, Katie Kinnard, Lindsey LoSasso
2/23/15 Period 2
Civil War Begins
Battle of Gettysburg begins
April 12th 1861
Civil War ends
April 9th 1865
The Battle of Gettysburg affected the Civil War, by turning the tide of the war, in favor of the Union. The loss at Gettysburg was something the Confederates couldn't recover from. After Gettysburg the South never invaded the North again.
Pickett's charge was an attack on the middle flank of the Union army. The Confederate's attacked General Meade's forces. It failed miserably. They were forced to retreat and it was something they couldn't recover from.
Major General George E. Pickett
Watch on Culp's Hill at the badly exposed Confederate troops below. The Union soldiers were in two rank lines and hidden from view on the round tops.
On Day 1 of the battle Confederate and Union forces spotted each other on Chambers Pike. Both sides called for backup. The Confederate reiforcements arrived first and they drove the Union south of the town.
On the second day of the battle, both sides took up their defensive positions. The Union on Cemetery Ridge and Big and Little Round Top. The Confederates were on Emmittsburg Road, which was along Seminary Ridge.
While trying to perform Pickett's charge, the Confederates were bombarded by artillery, used by the Union. The Union was prepared to repel the attack. So the Confederate forces were destroyed.
General Winfield S. Hancock served in the Army for 4 decades. He served in the Mexican-American War, and was a noted general in the American Civil War. Winfield was the general who decided to stand and fight at Gettysburg. If he didn't, the Battle of Gettysburg would have never happened.
General Winfield S. Hancock
He was actually pro-Union, but after Virginia seceded, he joined the Virginia Provisional Army. After the battle, Richard proposed that they needed to free the slaves and let them join the army. He was one of the unknown Generals that fought.
General Richard S. Ewell
"The Battle of Gettysburg and The American Civil War." Gettysburg Foundation. Wall-to-Wall Studios, 2015. Web. 6 Feb. 2015. On this cite we found information about the casualties of the Battle of Gettysburg. This cite is credible because it comes from a National museum.
"Battle of Gettysburg." Battle of Gettysburg | Civilwar.org | Civilwar.org/gettysburg. History.com and Google, 2014. Web. 06 Feb. 2015. This cite gave us a lot of information about every point during the Battle of Gettysburg. This cite is credible because it is an organization, and Civil War trust has been reliable before.
"Battle of Gettysburg." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015. This cite gave us information on most of the basics of the Battle of Gettysburg. This cite was reliable because the same information was found on other cites.
"Battle of Gettysburg." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2015. This cite gave us reliable visuals and information on each individual day of the war. It was reliable because it has been published by PBS and other resources had the same information.
"The Road to Gettysburg." TImes Journey. The New York TImes Company, 2014. Web. 15 Feb. 2015. From this cite we collected a picture. This is a valid source because the New York Times is a very well respected newspaper.
"Robert E. Lee Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. On this site we found information on the background of General Robert E. Lee. This is credible because we found similar information on other sites.
United States. National Park Service. "The Gettysburg Cyclorama." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 06 Feb. 2015. Web. 06 Feb. 2015. This website gave us information on the layout of the battle of Gettysburg. This site is credible because it is National website and it is from the government.
Dean, Jessica, and Troy Dean. "Civil War Journal - Battle of Gettysburg: Weapons and Tactics." Celebrate Gettysburg Magazine – About the Magazine. Graphcom, Jan. 2007. Web. 04 Feb. 2015. This cite gave us information about the weapons and tactics used in the battle of Gettysburg. This cite is reliable because I found the same information on other cites.
"General Robert E Lee History Biography Civil War Confederate." General Robert E Lee History Biography Civil War Confederate. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. On this site we found a picture of of General Robert E. Lee. This is reliable because all of the other pictures looked the same.
"George E. Pickett." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. This cite is credible because it is an organization. We found information on Major General Pickett and a picture of him.
"Main Page." Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 Feb. 2015. Web. 03 Feb. 2015. From this cite, we got a picture. This cite credible because all the pictures were similar to this one.
McNamara, Robert. "Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg." About Education. About Education, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2015. This site gave us the information on why the Battle of Gettysburg was important and how it affected the rest of the Civil War. This is reliable because we found the same information on other sites.
McPherson, James M. "The Battle of Gettysburg." Fields of Fury: The American Civil War. New York: Atheneum for Young Readers, 2002. 55. Print. In this site, we found a map of the Pickett's charge. This source is reliable because other sources described Pickett's Charge the same way.
"National Park Service." National Park Service. Park Net, 4 Mar. 2002. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. From this cite we got a picture. This cite is credible because it is a National website.
"Richard S. Ewell." CivilWarWiki. Mediawiki, n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. From this cite, we got a picture. This cite credible because all the pictures were similar to this one.