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Fire and Life Safety Business Use

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by

C Maningas

on 27 July 2015

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Transcript of Fire and Life Safety Business Use

Fire and Life Safety:
Fire Triangle
Heat Transfer
Three forms of heat transfer or methods in which a fire can spread.
Conduction
Heat transfer through a substances in direct contact with each other
Molecules in contact with the heat source heat up transferring the heat source to the next molecules
Convection
Transfer of heat by movement of air or liquid
Radiation
Transfer of heat through the air by electromagnetic waves
Oxygen
Fuel
Heat
O2
Air = 21%
Below 14% = Bad
Business Use
Class C
Energized Equipment:
Generators, Cars, Appliances
5
Classes of Fire
Ordinary Combustibles:
paper, plastics, wood etc.
Class A
Combustible Liquids:
Gasoline, Oil, Kerosene etc.
Class B
Class C
Energized Equipment:
Generators, Cars, Appliances
Class D
Exotic Metals:
Magnesium, Sodium, Lithium, Potassium
Class K
Combustible Cooking Fuels:
Vegetable Oils and Animal Fats
Heat Transfer
How does this apply in an office setting
Fire Behaviors
Flash Over – Auto ignition of off gassing objects in a fire room
As little as 3 minutes in a home
Roll Over – Re-ignition of carbon in smoke
Carbon in smoke re-ignites around 1,100 degrees
Back Draft – Introduction of Oxygen to a suffocating fire
Home fires begin to suffocate in about 3 minutes
Early detection and fire department notification
Prevents spread and growth – Ceiling tiles
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention
Utilize power strips with a surge protector
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention
Windows and doors when leaving the office
Fire needs O2 to breathe
Prevention
1 min. the fire is developing but may be unseen
Prevention
Rapid growth occurs
May be beyond and individuals ability to suppress
P.A.S.S
P.A.S.S
P.A.S.S
Fire is spreading rapidly beyond the point of origination
Entrapment is possible
When not to use
R.A.C.E.
E
Extinguish the Fire
If Safe to do so
If not:
A
Activate the Alarm

Call 911
R
Rescue Any Victims

Taking care not to become one!
C
Confine the Fire
Rapid City Fire Department
(605)394-4180
http://www.rcgov.org/Fire/
Rapid City Fire Department – Prevention
(605)394-5233
Question and Comments
R.A.C.E
P.A.S.S
How Fire
Extinguishers
Really
Work!
Heating elements:
Turn off
Unplug
Check cords
Circuit shutdown is a warning
Use care with oil-soaked sheets and towels in dryers
Medical Oxygen
Makes a fire more aggressive
Lowers ignition point
hair dryer, electric razor, other motors
clothing, hair, skin
If customer uses O2:
Turn off oxygen
Wait 10 minutes
Maintain your business fire/smoke & CO alarms
Never paint, remove or disable
Fire alarms should be serviced and inspected by a qualified technician once a year
Smoke alarm annual maintenance:
Vacuum
Change battery (if not lithium)
Replace if over 10 years in service
Cosmetology
Pan for specialties
Industrial
Good housekeeping is key
Clean up
Store correctly every time
should it be in a fire cabinet?
is it near a heat source?
does it block an exit or aisle?
does it block a fire sprinkler?
can this be kept there?
Take care with oil-soaked rags
Full transcript