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Literary Terms Part 1

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Ashley Graves

on 27 August 2015

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Transcript of Literary Terms Part 1

Literary Terms Part 1
Warm-up!
Spiral Writing Activity
Consider:
Art is the antidote that can call us back from the edge of numbness, restoring the ability to feel for another. - Barbara Kingsolver, High Tide in Tucson
Connotation v. Denotation
Denotations - the DICTIONARY definition; the literal meaning of the word

Connotation - the positive or negative emotions associated with the word; how the word makes you FEEL
Figures of Speech
Ray Bradbury (1920-2012)
the president of the united states together with the leaders of several central american countries have agreed to new meetings on agricultural practices
Vocabulary:
1. elusive: adj. Tending to avoid perception; difficult to define or describe
2. efface: v. To erase; wipe out
Discuss:

1. By using the word antidote, what does the author imply about the inability to feel for another?

2. If we changed the word antidote to gift, what effect would it have on the meaning of the sentence?
Directions:
In your spiral write the DOL exactly as it appears on the board and then make corrections (show your work!)
rewrite the clean, corrected DOL directly below the revised DOL
Write the vocabulary words exactly as written
Create a circle map for each word including at least 3 synonyms and 1 antonym
Postive or Negative Connotation?
gaze
fragrance
brainwash
delayed
nosy
lazily
demand
gathering
slim
debate
stare
odor
persuade
tardy
curious
leisurely
request
mob
skinny
argue
observe
youthful
irresponsible
unique
detect
inexpensive
isolation
assertive
extravagance
spy
immature
carefree
strange
snoop
cheap
privacy
pushy
generosity
Why do I need to know this?
If you can understand the connotation of the author's words, you can begin to recognize the tone or attitude.
When you can identify the author's tone, the literature has a deeper meaning.
If you misread the tone (i.e., you don't realize that the author is being sarcastic), you might misunderstand the author's meaning.
Practice
Choose one of the following scenarios and write about it positively. Then, substitute different words to create a negative connotation.
Describe a wet street after the rain.
Describe a challenging football game.
Characterize a difficult high school class.
Describe a hamburger made in a fast-food restaurant.
Critique a movie or television program.
Metaphor
a metaphor is a type of speech that compares or equates two or more things that have something in common. A metaphor does NOT use like or as.
Simile
a simile is another figure of speech that compares seemingly unlike things. Similes DO use the words like or as.
a figure of speech is a specific device or kind of figurative language, such as hyperbole, metaphor, personification, simile, or understatement.
Figurative language is used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly. It is NOT meant to be taken literally. Figurative language is used to state ideas in vivid and imaginative ways.
Her voice was like nails on a chalkboard
Onomatopoeia
an onomatopoeia is when a word represents a sound
buzz
pop
rattle
Personification
Personification is a figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics.
Tears began to fall from the dark clouds.
Alliteration
Alliteration is the repetition of sounds, most often consonant sounds, at the beginning of words. Alliteration gives emphasis to words.
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
born in Waukegan, Illinois
influenced by Edgar Allen Poe
was an American fantasy, science fiction, horror, and mystery fiction writer.
is most famous for writing Farenheit 451
is know as one of those writers who changes the way people think.
Take a look...
Smart House, 1960 version (5:00-7:30)
"There Will Come Soft Rains"
Jigsaw
1. Get into your groups of 3-4 people.
2. Skim the short story for examples of your assigned word.
3. After a few minutes we will switch groups.
4. Show the others what examples of figurative language you found.
Story was written in the 1950s
Portrays a smart house that has survived
Human race destroyed by nuclear war
In 1945, the US dropped two nuclear bombs in Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki)
Hundreds of thousands of people were killed from direct impact or by radiation poisoning
People were very afraid of retaliation and the use of nuclear weapons by other countries
What has changed in the past 70 years?

Discussion
What is the same or different among these three versions of a smart house?

If you designed a smart house today, what features would you add to make your life easier?
Take a look...
8:20-end
Smart house, future (4:15-5:15, 10:05-10:30)
Simile v. Metaphor
Simile:
He is hungry as a __________________.
Her eyes are blue as the __________.
The sun is hot like a _______________.
Make up your own simile: __________________.
Metaphor:
He is a hungry ___________.
Her eyes are a blue _____________.
The sun is a hot _________________.
Make up your own metaphor: _____________
simile
metaphor
onomatopoeia
personification
alliteration
Disney's Smart House
imagery
Imagery
Imagery is creating pictures by using words. Imagery can relate to all five senses (touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing).
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way
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