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Transcript of Arnold Gesell
Jenny Arnold Gesell Arnold Lucius Gesell Maturational Theory Was born on June 21st, 1880 in Alma, Wisconsin EDUCATION TEACHING THEORY Gesell's descriptions of developmental patterns in childhood emphasize physical and mental growth that he believed was determined primarily by heredity. Died on May 29th, 1961 in New Haven, Connecticut •Was the oldest of five children of Gerhard and Christine Giesen Gesell His mother taught at an elementary school in the small town where he grew up
Both of his parents highly valued education and encouraged his intellectual curiosity. •After graduating high school at the age of 16 in 1896, he attended the teachers college at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, where he trained to become a teacher. Upon graduation, he taught American history, ancient history, German, accounting, and commercial geography at Stevens Point High School. After two years of teaching, he entered the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where he studied history. •Graduated from the university of Wisconsin in 1903, and became a high school teacher and principal In 1904 he received a scholarship to Clark University (Worcester, MA), where he studied psychology, psychiatry and anthropology. In 1906, he received a Ph.D. in Psychology •For the next two years he taught psychology and child hygiene at the California State Normal School in Los Angeles •Gesell joined the faculty at Yale as assistant professor of education in 1911 Studied medicine at Yale while being an assistant professor, received his M.D. in 1915
Then established and directed the Yale Clinic of Child Development from 1911-1948
The Yale Clinic became the focal United States center for the study of child behavior in its time. On February 18th, 1909 he married Beatrice Chandler WORK CITED " Arnold Gesell (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century) Study Guide & Homework Help - eNotes.com." Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More - enotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/arnold-gesell-reference/arnold-gesell-482238>. "Arnold Gesell: Biography from Answers.com." Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.answers.com/topic/arnold-gesell>. "Arnold Lucius Gesell Biography | BookRags.com." BookRags.com | Homework Help, Book Summaries, Study Guides, Essays, Lesson Plans, & Educational Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.bookrags.com/biography/arnold-lucius-gesell/>. "Arnold Lucius Gesell Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Arnold Lucius Gesell." Encyclopedia.com | Free Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Arnold_Luc He carefully observed children and established norms or typical behavior of children throughout childhood. He categorized these typical behaviors into 10 major areas that he called gradients of growth. 1. Motor Characteristics. These include bodily activity, eyes, and hands
2. Personal Hygiene. These include eating, sleeping, elimination, bathing and dressing.
3. Emotional Expression. These include affective attitudes, crying, assertion, and anger.
4. Fears and Dreams.
5. Self and Sex 6. Interpersonal Relationships. These include mother-child, child-child, and groupings in play.
7. Play and Pastimes. These include general interests, reading, music, radio, and cinema.
8. School Life. These include adjustments to school, classroom demeanor, reading, writing, and arithmetic.
9. Ethical Sense. These include blaming and alibiing, response to direction, punishment, praise, response to reason, sense of good and bad, and truth and property.
10. Philosophic Outlook. These include time, space, language, thought, war, death, and religion. Children are biologically programmed to develop as long as they are in the right environment."As the flower requires proper soil and rain, children require a nurturing, stable environment, and little else to mature both biologically and psychologically." (Reference. com) Gesell and his staff created an extensive list of normative information that remains popular and is useful to families and teachers. A parent or teacher concerned about what is normal behavior for a given age can refer to Gesell’s gradients of growth for specific information. In his books, he summarizes the statistical data into statements of what a child is like at a given age. "Arnold Gesell's Perspective on Learning and Development." Education.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2012. "Arnold Gesell's Perspective on Learning and Development." Education.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2012.