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Addictive Drugs: Legal & Illegal

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by

Brooke Altman

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Addictive Drugs: Legal & Illegal

Addictive Drugs: Legal & Illegal
Heroin
Methamphetamine
Chemical Formula:
C10H15N
Molecular Weight:
149.2328g/mol
Functional Group:
Amine

Vicodin
Glamor drug
Feeling the effects of Vicodin can take up to 30 minutes
No instant buzz
Increased chance of abuse and misuse
Hydrocodone Bitartrate - opiate
Heroin
Chemical Formula:
C21H23NO5
Formed by: Addition of acetyl groups to morphine
Other Alias: Black Tar, Brown Rhine, Red Eagle
Cocaine
Chemical Formula:
C17H21NO4
Derived from:
Erythroxylum Coca Bush
3 Step process to form powder
"Crack" is easier to make
Methamphetamine
First Synthesized from Morphine in 1984
Envisaged as a means to replace morphine
Alder Wright, founding father
Eventual Classification as illegal drug

Heroin: Consumption & Effects
Heroin
Methods of Consumption:
Injection, Insufflation, Smoking

Chemical breakdown process facilitates consumption

Short Term Effects:
Drowsiness, Slowed Cardiac Function, Slowed Breathing

Long Term Effects:
Drain on Families, Death
33% of Heroin consumed is obtained without Cash
Average "income" per crime was $35
At least 62% of users previously incarcerated
Users were also privy to "drug cocktails"
Heroin:
Prevention vs Protection
Externalities vs Compassion
Cost vs Feasibility
What is the balance that policy makers can strike?
Vicodin
Combination of the painkillers acetaminophen and hydrocodone
Chemical formula of Acetaminophen:
C18H21NO3-C4H6O6-2.5H2O

Molecular Weight:
494.50 g/mol
Chemical formula of Hydrocodone:
C8H9NO2

Molecular weight:
151.16g/mol
By the numbers:
Vicodin addicts consume 20-30 pills a day
30 minutes
23 million Americans
Cocaine
Nearly instantaneous
Very addictive
Dangerous side effects
Cocaine
14% of US adults have tried cocaine
U.S. spent over a trillion dollars on drug war
Drug cartels dominate drug trade
$88 billion dollar global industry
Methamphetamine
Psychostimulant- alters mood, attention, heart rate, appetite, body temperature
Activates central nervous system
Triggers the release of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain
Nicotine
Chemical Formula:
C10H14N2
Molecular Weight:
162.12 g/mol
Alkaloid occurring naturally in nightshade family
Nicotine
Nicotine is a highly addictive stimulant
The CDC estimates that over 45 million Americans are nicotine addicts
Studies suggest that addicts may not experience positive effects of nicotine, only relief from near-constant withdrawal
Nicotine
Nicotine is not a carcinogen although its role in cancer growth is still being studied

Some evidence suggests that the presence of nicotine quickens the growth of pre-existing cancerous cells

Because nicotine itself is not cancer-causing, smoking cessation techniques often involve the consumption of nicotine without tobacco

In 2008, 13 million people in the US over the age of 12 had used methamphetamine, and 529,000 of those were regular users
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