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Argentina

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Squeakies 13

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of Argentina

Argentina
Chile
Bolivia
Paraguay
Brazil
Uruguay
Location: South America
Bordered by: Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay
Area: 2,8o0,o00 km2

(8th largest country in the world)
Language
Official Language: Spanish
Unofficial Language: English
(taught in schools)
Population & Ethnic Groups
Total Population: 41 Million
Population Growth Rate: 0.9%
Life Expectancy: 76 years old
Population Density: 14 people per km2
Argentina
By:
Money
Dance: Tango
Gauchos
Religion
The official religion is Roman Catholicism
It was introduced by the Spanish during the Spanish colonial rule (16th-19th century)
Jorge Bergoglio was the Archbishop of Buenos Aires before becoming Pope Francis (First non-European Pope)
Argentina's "Cowboys"
Live out (literally) in the rural grasslands (ex. Pampas)
Herd cattle on large ranch-like estancias
Great horsemen
Diet usually consists of Beef (Asados) and Mate
Traditionally hard working, strong, honest, silent types yet proud and capable when provoked
Geography
Natural Wonders
Mountains & Glaciers
Prairies
Lakes & Beaches
Season's are opposite to Canada
North is hotter and South is colder

Economy
Between 1880 to 1905, Argentina's economy grew considerably
It was considered one of the riches countries because of its natural resources and agricultural exports (ex. grains & meats)
However, economy has been up and down due to bad political management
Lately, the economy has entered into a steady decline (aka total collapse)
Argentina is composed of a large middle class (unlike other countries in Latin America)
However, increasing inflation rates and high unemployment rates have been affecting many of these middle class families
Government
Federal System
Presidential Representative Democratic Republic
Government is divided into Executive, Legislative and Judiciary powers
The President controls the Executive power
The National Congress and the President control the Legislative power
The Judiciary power is independent
Argentina is divided 23 provinces and one autonomous district, (the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires)
Each province has its own laws, regulations, and government, but it must comply with the national constitution
La Casa Rosada (The Pink House)
Argentina's currency is the peso
One American dollar is approximately equivalent to eight pesos
Spain
97% of Argentinians are European descendants (mainly Italian and Spanish)
3% other
Between 1850-1950 there was a great immigration wave to Argentina with 6.6 million immigrants; it was the second biggest immigration wave in the world of the time, only behind the USA

Historical Background
Most Popular Sports
Buenos Aires
Argentina has been greatly influenced by European culture. ex. Architecture and cultural customs
The Capital & largest city of Argentina
South America's second-largest metropolitan area
One of the 20 largest cities in the world
Avenida 9 de Julio is the World's widest avenue; it has 7 lanes in each direction plus two parallel streets next to it that have 2 lanes in each direction each
Food & Drinks
Cuisine & Customs
There are four meals:
Breakfast
Lunch
"Tea Time"
Usually eaten between 4:30-5:00
Dinner
Usually eaten after 8:30 up to 11:00pm
Argentina is known mainly for its meat & wine.
The southernmost city in the world, Ushuaia, is in Argentina
Football (Soccer)
Polo
Polo
Football (Soccer)
On the Atlantic Coast
From Toronto (most direct ): 15 hour flight with a stop in Santiago, Chile
Sandwiches de Miga
Alfajores
Empanadas
Milanesas
Dulce de Leche
Mate
Asado
Medialunas
Alfajor Rogel
Humitas en Chala
Puerto Madero
Monumento de los Espanoles
El Rosedal
El Obelisco
Avenida 9 de Julio
Teatro Colon
Buenos Aires Cathedral
Mar del Plata
Andes
Aconcagua
Iguazu Falls
Perito Moreno Glaciar
Oldest team sport in the world
Polo is dominated by Argentinians and their horses
The sport is closely tied with the Gauchos
Argentinian players make up most of the top players in the world
The 3 biggest Polo championship take place in Argentina
Second most popular sport in Argentina
"Campo Argentino de Polo", Palermo
a.k.a The Polo Cathedral
Messi, regarded as the best soccer player, is Argentinian
Argentina's most popular sport
National Team:
Won the football world cup in 1978 & 1986
Won 14 times the Copa America
Won the FIFA Confederations Cup in 1992
Olympic Team:
Won the Olympics Gold in 2004 & 2008
Won record 6 U-20 World Cups
Club Level:
Won record 9 Intercontinental Cups
Won 22 Copa Libertadores
Female National Team:
Won Campeonato Sudamericano Femenino in 2006
La Cumparsita
National Anthem
Most Popular Tourist Destination in South America

1502- Amerigo Vespucci: Italian Explorer
1536- Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires and the beginning of Spanish domination
1776-Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata with Buenos Aires as its capital (Spanish Colonial Rule)
1810-1816-General Francisco de San Martin rebellion against Spain
July 9th 1816- Independence Day from Spain
From Independence to World War I- Growing Wealth
In 1850-1950- European Immigration
1950-Juan Peron & the economic decline starts
1970s-The Dirty War: Communism terrorizes the country, Military assumes power to fight the communists/terrorists
1982-War of the Falkland Islands/ Islas Malvinas
1983...- Return to Democratic government
1995...- Economic decline (Inflation & high unemployment)
2002...- The government goes under the control of people associated with the former communists and begins the persecution of the former military leaders who fought against them
Etymology: Latin "Argentum"
Translation: "Land of Silver"

Maria-Victoria & Jordan
Argentina
Fin
(The End)
Full transcript