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Referencing - pre workshop materials

Work through the materials to learn about referencing and how to avoid plagiarism.

Deakin Study Skills Student Life

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Referencing - pre workshop materials

Deakin University Study Skills

Referencing and avoiding plagiarism tips
Why do I have to reference?
Credible academic sources
After working through the plagiarism and collusion quiz available on our website you should have a better understanding of these terms and the reasons why you need to reference.

If you need a refresher click below.
Marie - a Language and Learning Adviser talks about common issues students have with referencing and acknowledging sources correctly.
In the western academic tradition, acknowledging the work of other people is an essential element of academic writing.

Your ideas are made stronger by consulting and referring to a wide variety of credible sources on the topic.

Referencing shows what you have read and enables the reader to locate the sources mentioned in your paper.

Referencing allows you to acknowledge your sources and avoid plagiarism.
Use the ideas of others from credible sources such as:

websites of reputable organisations
other electronic sources - make sure you check for credibility.
Collusion means acting with another person with the intention to deceive. At university it can mean submitting the work of someone else, with their knowledge and consent, to gain an advantage in an assignment.
Plagiarism occurs when you use someone else's words or ideas and fail to acknowledge your sources.

It's not acceptable at university.
Using sources
How do I use the ideas of others in
my writing?
There are three ways of using the ideas, research findings and words of others:

quoting (sparingly).
You find out about ideas by consulting sources. Using sources involves:

Understanding sources
quoting (selectively)

Analysing sources
questioning and challenging ideas
comparing ideas of different writers
making connections
coming to a point of view on the issue/s
(learn more about this in the reading and writing workshops).

Acknowledging sources– depends on the referencing style
in-text citations [author-date (Harvard) and APA styles].
reference list [author-date (Harvard) and APA styles].
Short quote
A short quote is a sentence or part of a sentence which is reproduced exactly. It consists of fewer than about 30 words when using the author-date (Harvard) style and fewer than 40 words when using the APA style.
A paraphrase is the rephrasing of a short passage from a text, in about the same number of words.

As a writer, you need to choose the passage or passages you wish to paraphrase—because of their importance or interest and relevance to your paper.

Of course, you need to fully understand the passage and have a clear purpose for using it.
Block quote
A block quote is a longer quote.
It consists of more than about 30 words when using the author-date (Harvard) style and more than 40 words when using the APA style. It is set off from the body of the paper by indenting.
To sum up
You reference to:
support and strengthen your argument

show that you have read

show what you have read

enable the reader to locate the sources mentioned in your paper

acknowledge your sources

avoid plagiarism.
Make sure you..
What referencing style should I use?
Check each unit guide for the referencing style required (e.g. APA, Harvard, documentary-note and so on).
If you are unsure check with the Unit Chair.
Get a copy of the Guide to assignment writing and referencing for activities on integrating sources and chapters on the referencing styles used at Deakin.
Check out the university students' rights and responsibilities page.
Learn about Turnitin - text matching and plagiarism software. Watch the video guide to learn more.
Show your knowledge
A summary is a condensation of a passage, an article or a book.

There is no correlation between the length of a text and the length of a summary of it. An entire book can be summarised in one sentence! It all depends on your purpose as a writer.

Of course, it is essential to understand the text and have a clear purpose for summarising it, in whatever detail you choose to do so.
Example of a block quote
Deakin University
Study Skills
In-text citations are in author-date (Harvard) style and shown in blue.
Original text
In-text citations are in author-date (Harvard) style and shown in blue.
In-text citation is in author-date (Harvard) style and shown in blue.
Reference list entry
Once you have your in-text citations in place you will need to create a reference list entry for each one.
The source we have used is a print journal article.
This is how it would appear in a reference list. We have used Harvard referencing style.
Don't stress!
Click on the link to take you to the video
You are not expected to memorise the details of how to set out a reference list entry.

Use the 'Guide to assignment writing and referencing' when you are compiling your reference list.

Try not to let this task become the main focus of your writing. You may lose some marks for inaccuracies – but compiling a reference list correctly (or with some errors) has nothing to do with plagiarism.

Formatting a reference list is a matter of deciding what type of source you are dealing with and then applying the specific guidelines for that source.

It is a mechanical, matching type of task that requires careful attention to detail to get it exactly right.

The more important aspect of academic writing is to discuss sources and acknowledge them within-text citations in the body of your paper.

Academic writing & referencing
When writing university assignments, students are required to present an argument, that is, a point of view on an issue, which is arrived at through research and reading.
It is then necessary to acknowledge the sources that are used in the paper to support and strengthen the point of view being presented. Referencing involves acknowledging sources and providing details of them. It is a distinctive feature of academic writing.
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