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Zambia and Imperialism
Transcript of Zambia and Imperialism
began to compete for African territory. There were 3 major types of
Climate and land Zambia In 1855, David Livingstone was the 1st European to see the Zambezi River.
He visited and named the Victoria Falls
Livingstone hoped to end the slave trade through the "3 Cs", Christianity, commerce and civilization.
Many Europeans came to visit, including Cecil Rhodes. European Takeover David Livingstone was the first Brit in Zambia in 1851 followed by Rhodes in 1889 The British in Zambia Today, Zambian citizens face starvation because of a recent ban on genetically modified food like corn, but drought keeps the farmers from being able to grow good, healthy crops.
The United Nations World Food Program is not being allowed to send 18,000 tons of this corn to the 2.9 million starving Zambians. Imperialism changed countries in many ways; Christianity was introduced, labor and raw materials were extracted, and natives were turned into Europeans, but this was not best for the people. Native people Zambia is about 290,586sq miles total and has many large landforms.
Zambia is home to Victoria Falls, the Zambezi River and the Great Rift Valley.
It is around 68 degrees Fahrenheit 8 months out of the year
brush fires and periodic drought. Not much farming was done in this area.
Resources include copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, uranium, gold and silver. Wildlife Zambia is home to Hyenas, Civets, Caracals, Hippos, the African Lion, Giraffes, the African Buffalo, Zebras, the Striped Polecat, Bats, many different mongoose species, the Honey Badger and many others. Zambia Nearly 75 different tribes called Zambia home including the Bemba, The Bantu, the Tonga, the Lozi and the Kaonde.
With so many different influences, most tribes practiced witchcraft and sorcery.
Witchdoctors made medicines from roots and practiced Animalism
Prayed to natural Gods and their ancestors.
Some tribes believed that spirits lived in the waterfalls and watched over them. In 1888, Rhodes obtained mineral rights for the British South African Company.
In 1897, a small number of natives rebelled, but were easily put down and the Pax Britanica was accepted by King Tsinco, from Zululand
The country became know as Northern Rhodesia
An American friend of Rhodes was asked to help with new mining techniques when he came across a large copper reserve, and mining was the largest reason for obtaining the land. In Bemba culture, brides do not eat eggs because they believed it could affect fertility.
The Lozi believed eating porridge off of a stone would bless the married couple Rhodes received a royal charter and mining rights to a region of southern Africa Native rebellion BSA left Federation of Rhodesia 1953 October 14, President of Zambia was elected Rhodes received a royal charter from the British government 1889 1897 Quickly crushed by British 1923 Royal charter denied 1964 1963 1962 Northern Rhodesia succeeded Federation dissolved The BSA police was formed to keep order in the country and work with the natives Independence In 1923, the BSA left because the British government chose not to renew their charter in Rhodesia and they lost mining right Northern Rhodesia succeeded and the Federation of Rhodesia dissolved and the Zambian Independence Act took effect July 31st 1964 On October 24, 1964, Kenneth David Kaunda took office as the 1st president of The Republic of Zambia 70,000 British Citizens remained in the country and were given Zambian Citizenship The native people were told they could govern themselves but Christianity was introduced and Zambians became employees in the copper mines Copper mining is still the country's main source
income and provides work for many Zambians The Konkola mine is one of the largest in Zambia.
It is owned by London's Vendanta Resources
Copper from this mine is distributed thought the world today. A colony, which was run by government officials from the conquering country and settled by its people, and was best for the conquering nation.
A Protectorate, which was run by native government officials and best for native populations
Zambia was held by a Protectorate and was also colonized in some areas Lambert, Tim. “A Short History of Zambia”. Localhistories.org http://www.localhistories.org/zambia.html (Accessed March 20, 2013)
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