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Transcript of Music Appreciation
Eine kleine Nachtmusik (Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525,
Peter and the
Flight of the
Also sprach Zarathustra,
From the Classical Era (1750 - 1820)
Composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) in 1787. It was originally composed for two violins, viola and cello and double bass. However it is often now performed by string orchestras.
It is one of Mozart's most well known works and consists of four movements, however there is some discussion into a possible missing fifth movement.
The K.525 in the title is a reference to Ludwig von Köchel, the man whom catalogued Mozart's work
The purpose of Eine Kleine Nachtmusik is unknown, but was written during the same period of time that Mozart was composing the second act of Don Giovanni, an opera.
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik is a good example of Classical music as they were known to be among the most tuneful and easiest to remember. Many people are able to sing or hum the opening lines to the first movement of this piece and it used widely in popular culture. It also follows the classical form of:
Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1952) wrote both the music and the text for Peter and the Wolf in 1936. It is traditionally performed by an orchestra with a narrator.
Prokofiev wrote the composition for a children's theater in Moscow. He drew on his own childhood experiences for the story itself. It tells of wolf trying to eat other animals and a young boy, Peter planning to catch the wolf
Prokofiev used the music as an introduction to the orchestra for children as each character in the story is represented by a different instrument or group of instruments
Peter and the Wolf has also been adapted into a number of formats, most notably an animated short film by Walt Disney
Peter and the Wolf is a good example of program music
Written by German composer Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706). Chamber music for three violins and basso continuo, originally included with a gigue.
Like many works from pre-1700 composers it was forgotten from centuries and was rediscovered in 20th Century. Was first published in 1919
Surge in popularity during 1970s. Still very popular today being heard at many weddings and in popular culture.
It is unknown when it was written however it is claimed that it was around 1680. Some claim that is was written for Johann Sebastian Bach's brother's wedding in 1694, yet this was never been substantiated
Good example of a musical canon, several voices play the same music entering in a sequence.
The Rite of Spring
Boléro is a one-movement orchestral piece composed by French composer Maurice Ravel (1875 - 1937) in 1928
Boléro was originally created as a ballet commissioned by dancer Ida Rubinstein. It was first performed in 1928. However it became more international known as a concert piece.
Has a Spanish feel to the music, which is characteristic of Ravel whom himself had a taste of exotic music. Ravel described this piece as an "experiment" consisting of "one long, very gradual crescendo"
By the changes in tone Ravel is able to create a sense of movement and growth within the piece. It also showcase an obsessive rhythmic repetition
Good example of a clear beat and rhythm
Le Sacre du printemps (English: The Rite of Spring) was written in 1913 by Igor Stravinsky (1882 - 1971) whom is regarded as one of the world's greatest composers even before his death. The Rite of Spring was Stravinsky's third score for the Russian Ballet.
The idea came to him as a "fleeting vision" while he was completing The Firebird in St. Petersburg in 1910
When it was first performed in Paris 1913 a riot erupted. Audience members hissed and booed because of the 'primitive' evocation of pagan fertility rites. Primitivism is defined as the deliberate evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds. The audience also did not like the harsh dissonances, percussive orchestration, rapidly changing meters, violent offbeat accents and ostinatos heard in the music. These can be seen as Stravinsky breaking with traditions and the old forms of classical music.
The Rite of Spring was written for an enormous orchestra. Melodies are folk-like. Like ancient Russian folk tunes, they have narrow range and they are made up of fragments that are repeated with slight changes in rhythm and pitch. Rhythm also is a vital structural element.
Today The Rite Of Springs is performed more frequently as a concert piece than as a ballet
The Rite of Spring is a good example of early 20th Century Music as this was an era seen as a revolt. New approaches were taken, traditions were broken.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The Flight Of The Bumble Bee is an orchestral interlude from the opera The Tale of Tsar Saltan. It was written in 1899 - 1900 by the Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsaklv
It comes from the Romantic era of music (1830-1900)
The Flight of the Bumble Bee is an example of the Romantic Era of music
Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 is a tone poem composed by the German composer Richard Strauss (1864 - 1949)
It was first performed in Frankfurt on 27th November 1896.
It was inspired by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche who wrote a philosophical novel which follows the fictitious travels of the character Zarathustra.
The initial section "Sunrise" has become famous in popular culture as it was used in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey. It is also used regular as a fanfare at many different occasions
1812 Overture is an orchestral piece of music written by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Write in 1880 to commemorate Russian successful defending their country against Napoleon's invading Grande Army in 1812
Within the piece the French national anthem La Marsillaise and Russia's God Save the Czar can be heard. This is Tchaikovsky referencing the countries involved the fighting.
Famously used by the United States of America for their annual Independence Day, Fourth of July celebrations.
Good example of a orchestral show song with rousing music using dynamics and the orchestra to the full.
Rather than being a stand alone piece, this is just a interlude. A piece of music which go in between scenes or acts of an opera or ballet
Kamien, Roger. (2004). Music: An Appreciation (8th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
This is a good example of music, in this case a tone poem, which has become famous due to its role in the movies
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky