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Bryn Sanford Summative

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Bryn Sanford

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of Bryn Sanford Summative

Canada+World Studies
Bryn Sanford
Geography Skills
What is Geography?
Branches Of Geography
Physical
Human
Technological
Unit 1
Location
Longitude/
Latitude
Alpha-Numoric
Military Grid
Compass
Bearings
Map Symbols
0
45
90
135
180
225
270
315
Wind
Volcanoe
Earthquake
Tsunami
Death
Birth
Culture
Scale
Compas
Google Maps
Latitude- measures how far north or south of the equator
Longitude- measures how far east or west of the prime Meridian
Scale
Ratio
Direct Statement
Line
the verbal way used to describe the ratio between the maps scale and the real world
the way to use fractions to connect the map size to the real world
a line that compares both the distance on the map and in the real world
N
NE
E
SE
S
SW
W
NW
Global Connections
UNIT 2
UNIT 3
Physical Connections
3 Types of Landforms in Canada
High
Western Cordillera
Appalachian Mountains
Innuitian Mountains
Low
Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands
Interior Plains
Hudson Bay/Arctic Lowlands
Sheild
Canadian Shield
Foreign Aid
NGO
CIDA
Canada's international effort to help people living in poverty
Canadian International Development Agency
Non-Governmental Organization
Any non-profit groups or organizations which is either local, national or international level
Military
Rock Cycle
UN
United Nations
An international organization trying to promote international co-operation
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Committed to making all military disputes into a peaceful resalution
Security Council
Responsible for the maintenence and the international peace throughout the United Nations
Canada vs USA
Canada's military relys on the USA because they have a larger force, but both fight for peace
Trade Organizations
WTO
World Trade Organization
The organization that tries to supervise the international trade
NAFTA
North American Free Tade Agreement
generating economic growth, and helping to raise the standard of living throughout Canada, USA and Mexico
G7-G20
G7-a group of countries with advanced economies
G20-is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, includes representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank
Trades
Import/Export
Import- things that we bring/come into the country
Export- Things that we sell out/leave the country or give away
Tarriffs
a tax or duty to be paid on imports/exports
Free trade
International trade that doesnt include tarriffs, quotas or other restrictions
Canada + The USA
The trade between Canada and USA is the largest relationship between two countries in the world
Protectionism
Protecttionism is the sheilding of a countries domestic rights from foreign countries
HDI vs GDP
Education/LiteraacyRate
Education- the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge
Literacy Rate- The percentage of people who are able to read and write
Life Expectancy
the average age a person will expect to live
HDI-Standard of Living
refers to the level of wealth and wellness of people in a certain area
Developed- A country with a higher standard of living and a higher HDI
Developing- A country with a lower standard of living and a lower HDI
Non-Developed- A Country with a very low standard or living and a very low HDI
Climate and Weather
Growing Season
Climate Graphs
Factors that Affect Climate
Distance from sea
Ocean Currents
Distance from equator
Direction of winds
Months with Snow
The months with snow are mainly the months that have a average temperature under 0 and with some precipitation
7 Landform Regions
Western Cordillera
Canadian Shield
Interior Plains
Hudson Bay+Arctic Lowlands
Great Lakes-St Lawrence Lowlands
Appalachain Mountains
Innuitian Mountains
Terminology Ecozones
Climate-The measure of average weather over time
Geology- Study of earhtly things
Human Activity- Something that people do/cause to happen
Location- a practicular place or position
Vegetation/Soil- the action or process of vegetating
Taiga- Coniferous trees
Boreal- Wide Variety of trees
Mixedwood-Coniferous and deciduous trees
Tundra-Low temperatures and short growing seasons
Montane- Study of life systems on mountains or other high elevation areas
Cordillera-Areas that have mountains or that are in range
Plain- Large area with flat lands and few trees
Northern- Something that is in the north or facing the north
Southern- Something that is in the south or facing the south
Arctic- Cold/Dry
Maritime-Wet/Moist
-Moderate
Continental-Very Cold Weather
-Very Hot Summer
-Fairly dry with
wet season
Soil Profiles
CLI Classifications
Connection between CLimate, Soil and Vegetation
Climate determines the type of vegetation there will be, and the soil will also determine what things grow in that area as will
Canadian Land Index
Ranking of soil from 1-9, 1 being the best soil and 9 being the worst. 86% of Canada's soil is ranking 7
Unit 4
Human Connections
Immigration/Emigration
Refugee
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to seek safety
Push/Pull Factor
Push factor-something that makes someone want to leave the country
Pull factor- something that makes someone want to come into the country
The part of the year which the amount of rainfall and climate allow pants to grow
Economic Imigrant
A person who moves from one country to the other to improve their standard of living
Cultural Fair
Time where people from all different religions come together to have a feast
Melting Pot vs Cultural Mosaic
Cultural Mosaic- A mix of different languages, religions, and ethnic groups all living in the same area
Melting Pot- When one of a different culture moves to a different country like the USA, the USA try and make you leave your cultures behind and be the same culture as everyone else, just like putting them in a melting pot and melting them into americans
Demographics
Population Pyramids
Census
A count of population including sex, occupation and age
Baby Boom/Echo Boom
The baby boom is what happened after world war II, after all the men came back, they had babies{baby boom} and the echo boom is when the baby boom babies started having babies.
Native Connections
Population
Maps
Dot Map
Choropleth Map
Ecumene
Population Distribution
Places throughout the country/province which has a higher population
Population Density
A measurment of the population per unit area {km}
Urban/Rural
Urban Landuse
Commercical- Places that sell products
Industrial- Manufacturing
Residential- Where people live
Recreational- Entertainment purposes
Urban- City
Suburban- Just outside city
Fringe- On the boarder
Rural- Farmland
Hinterland- Outside rural,
where products are made
{fruits}
Before Natives were forced to forget their culture and pick up english and a whole new life, because they were seen as savages for doing what they believe in. But now everyone including natives are respected for who they are no matter what religon
Unit 5
Economic Connections
Ecological Footprint
Hectare
A measure
A measure of human demand on the earth's ecosystems
A Unit that is about the size of a football
Behavioural Solutions
Stuff that we can do to limit of ecological footprint.m {i.e. Carpooling, turning out the lights}
Technological Solutions
Technological solutions are things that we have created to try a limit our ecological footprint
The Lorax
The Story Of Stuff
Cosmetics
A product that you put on the body, make its appearence better
We learned how it is made throughout all the steps
Electronics
A branch of technology that consists of the use of cicuits {Video consoles, Televisions}
We learned the full process of how this is made
Solutions
The process of something such as water or acid, dissolving some rocks
Sustainable Resource Management
Carrying Capacity
The maximum population size that a place can hold
Types Of Resources
Natural Resources
Materials or substances that naturaly grow in the nature
{Forests, Water, Minerals}
Human Resources

Non Renewable
A resource that is once used, cannot be used again
{Oil, Coal}
A resources that only a human can supply
Renewable
A resource that can be used again sometime over time

Levels of Industry
Primary
Where the poducts/resources are made
Farm
Secondary
Converts the raw material from the primary industry into products
Tertiary
Where the products from the econdary industry are sold
Quaternary
Where the products from the Tertiary sector are being made better
Full transcript