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Roots of Self-Government

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by

Justin Hicks

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Roots of Self-Government

Trade
* By the 1700s, the colonies were taking part in large amounts of trade and are doing very well.
* Among all the colonies founded in the Americas, the English colonies are doing the best.
* Mercantilism- A colony exists for the betterment of the mother country.
English Interest
* At first, the colonies were left alone, for the most part. English government only wanted to make money from the colonies.
* As the colonies grow, however, England begins to take more and more interest
Navigation Acts
* To make sure that the colonies only traded with England, the English government passed the Navigation Acts.
* These series of Acts ensured that only England could trade with the colonies, who produced goods such as Tobacco and Cotton.
Pros v. Cons
* Cons with the Act:
* England forced more control on the colonies
* Laws favored English merchants
* Forced colonial Merchants to "go around" the law to trade with other merchants.
Triangle Trade
* Commonly given name for the Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas
Pros v. Cons
*Pros of the Navigation Acts:
*Produced jobs for English workers
* Encouraged colonists to build their own ships.
* Colonial merchants did not have to compete with foreign merchants.
Roots of Self-Government
Colonial Government
* Each colony had its own government, but there were very similar
*Governor
* Governor was appointed
* Some colonies had the people choose their governor.
Elected Assemblies
Legislature- Group of people who have the power to make laws
* Most colonies had an upper and lower house.
* The upper house were mainly advisers appointed by the governor
* The lower house had "power of the purse", the could regulate taxes the governor implemented.
The Right to vote and Bill of Rights
* By the 1720s, most colonies had laws allowing only white male property owns, over the age of 21, the right to vote
*
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