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The last reformulation was in 2005 and reinforced the fight against discrimination.
In 2011, the European Union, assigned the European orientations on policies, strategies and mechanisms that aimed
“ to accentuate the minorities vulnerabilities, specifically roman people on a Project through which are implemented the “National Strategies for the Gypsies Integration until 2020”. Employment The roman community is part of the socio-geographical Portuguese space from the XV century.
The roman people have many difficulties to find jobs
Policies Employment Education Roma Rights and (non) Discrimination Portuguese group "Inclusion-excluded of the elements from this communities, in other words, a strong inclusion in the belonging group and a tendential exclusion of the global society" (Casa-Nova, 2004) Projects and ONGs The Governmental Work Group to Equality and Inclusion of Roman People
The Sub-Commitee for the Equal Opportunities and Family, of the Parliamentary Commission of Ethical, Society and Culture
The Program Escolhas (Choices) – from ACIDI – High Commissariat for immigration and Intercultural Dialogue
Inside the ACIDI, the establishment, in December 2006, of the Support Office for the Roman Communities
Municipal Mediators – a pilot project. ACIDI Mission:
“to cooperate in the conception, execution and evaluation of the public policies, transversal and sectorial, that are important to the immigrants an ethnical minorities integration, as to promote the dialogue between the several cultures, ethnicities and religions”.
GACI – The Support Office for the Roma Communities, was created in 2007 and develops activities guided to the social promotion of the Roma along with entities that have responsabilities in this area, mainly in the domains of Education, Housing, Employment/Training and Health. The low level of education is the regularity among Portuguese roman people. They attend only the first years of primary school and then they tend to leave school. The attendance of roman children in nursery schools and kindergartens is very low – parents ususally don’t consider important that young children attend these institutions A very few number of them go to the university and finish graduate degrees.
Gypsy girls have even more difficulties in attending school and must drop-out when they reach puberty. For Portuguese roman people, the school success exists when their children reach a level of knowledge which they deem necessary for their social and professional life.
School – social interaction + status
ROTINES + RULES: Different in school and at home The policy measures attempts to solve "problems" based on searching for "solutions" that see the "other" as the problem, neglecting that for the others, the problem and “the difference are us”.
2 Programs: PETI and PIEF Community Work The community work with these populations is mostly developed by ONG, Associations, organizations related with church and national anti-poverty network.
All these organizations together try to develop strategies for social inclusion, but it is not a social inclusion for emancipation but rather for subordination. The Portuguese roman community mostly works as market traders:
-They sale different kinds of articles such as clothing, footwear and counterfeit DVDs.
-They consider that they are qualified enough for this job and that no one else sells like them because they are persuasive speakers and able to convince non-roman people (CASA-NOVA, 2009).
1. Some uncertainty, because they can earn a lot in certain months and in others earn practically nothing.
2.They have hard working conditions:
They have to wake up very early,
Be subject to all kinds of weather,
The high unpredictability of their gains on sale
-However, they are starting to realize that it is necessary to increase the gypsy community education levels, which will enable new generations to get more prestigious jobs, seeking for social mobility.