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Transcript of Ancestral Transitions
Created by: The Squad
Our project is an Ancestral Transitions map. Taking our personal heritage and tracking how our people were affected by the slave trade.
We succeeded in tracking which African nations our people came from, how they were affected by the Slave Trade, and ultimately what happened to them.
This is what we found.
Mike / Lloyd - Jamaica
Philippe - Haiti
Ike - Nigeria
Rasheed - Barbados
Oliver - Cuba
-Where their places of origins are?
-Who took them (their slavers)
-Where did they go? (the conditions of their new "homes")
-How are they now, how have they adapted? What customs stayed from their African cultures?
-Cuba holds an extremely diverse population with people originating from Asia, West Africa, and even other islands in the Caribbean.
- Slaves that were brought to Cuba share a West African, specifically Nigerian, heritage. They originate from Nigerian tribes such as the Yoruba, The Igbo, and the Lucumi. They also have strong traces of modern-day Congolese natives.
- There was also a remote tribe in Sierra Leone who had claimed modern-day Cubans as long-lost relatives, saying that they had been taking centuries ago and swept into the slave trade.
- 4,000 slaves taken from Nigeria and the Congo were transported by the British, during their occupation of Cuba, in 1762.
- Over the span of 300 years, over 600,000 slaves were important by Europeans.
- Cuba was a mix of native Tainos, Africans, and Europeans settled in Cuba
Conditions of Cuba
- Those who were brought to Cuba were placed into its growing sugar plantation economy.
- African Slaves comprised about 1/3 of Cuba's population.
- Social hierarchy based on origin and skin tone was very prevalent in Cuba.
European settlers on top, island appointed officials next, Cuban born people of color after, and slaves last.
Slavers of Barbados
- Cuba is a Caribbean island nation under communist rule.
- Its old leader, Fidel Castro, has just recently passed.
- Social distinctions still exist on the same skin tone and lineage heirarchy.
~62% cuba's current population is made up of Afro-Cubans, CUbans of African descent. There are also Indo-Cuban, and Asian-Cuban minorities within Cuba's Demography.
Conditions of Haiti
Conditions of Jamaica
Haitian slaves generally came from the central and coastal regions of Africa.
Senegoal, central africa of Benin, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Winward Coast and even Madagascar.
They are also known to have traces congolese heritage within the slave population.
The French were the main transporters of the western half of hispaniola, which later became the Haitian colony.
the slaves made up about 3/4 of the island's population. the Slave masters, Plantation owners, and French officals were also on the island.
The mix of the slave population's african culture, mixed with european thought and influence. religion and social constructs created the haitian culture that it soon grew into.
Haiti is also known for its practice of Voodoo. It came about as opposition to catholic conformity that the colonizers were pushing on them. it was their way to resist, and it became part of their culture. now, it is seen as Taboo within the haitian community.
Haiti was the first slave community to revolt and claim their independence from their colinizers in 1804.
for now, the countries where the slaves came from are considered as poor and underdeveloped, Haiti as well.
But what do you expect when you displace hunders of thousands of slaves and strip them of their resources? ...
This ancient town of Badagry was founded around l425 AD and was an important slave route in West Africa.
It is the second largest commercial town in Lagos State, located half hour from the Republic of Benin.
Over the period of the whole trade, more than 3.5 million African slaves were shipped from Nigeria to the Americas.
The slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 15th through 19th centuries.The Portuguese were the first to engage in the New World slave trade in the 16th century.
Some of the slaves that was moved from Nigeria ended up in Jamaica, Brazil, Cuba, Canada, Haiti, The Americas,Trinidad and Barbados.
Most of the enslaved Africans brought to Barbados were from the Bight of Biafra and Benin Nigeria.
Conditions of Nigeria
They were fed corn meal, meat, flour, peas and other greens from their slave owners.
They worked long hours in all types of weather. It was usually backbreaking work like picking cotton and many hard labour
Nigeria slaves were treated as property that could be sold, beaten, or killed at owners consent.
Nigeria to the New World
barbados, back then, was famous for one of the most notorious slave ports in the World, Bridgeport.
The British was the first settlers on the Island.
The first slaves came to Barbados in 1627, brought by Captain John Powell.
Many African Slaves from Barbados came from West Africa. They was amongst the tribes of the Eboes, Paw-Paw,
Three Unsuccessful Slave revolts.
1825 Amelioration Policy changed to the Consolidated Slave Act freeing the slaves
The original inhabitants of Jamaica are believed to be the Arawaks, also called Tainos.
They came from South America 2,500 years ago and named the island Xaymaca, which meant “land of wood and water”
The Arawaks grew cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, fruits, vegetables, cotton and tobacco and lived peaceful live
they were destroyed by the Spaniards some years after Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1494
Columbus came to Jamaica in search of gold but when he realized that there is no gold on the island he settled for wood and water and annexed the island for the Queen
The Spaniards, when they came, tortured and killed the Arawaks to get their land
And they used their land as a supply base of men, food, arms, and horses used for the attack on the American mainland
On May 10, 1655, Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables led a successful attack on Jamaica forcing the he Spaniards surrendered to the English, freed their slaves and then fled to Cuba. It was this set of freed slaves and their descendants who became known as the Maroons
The English started a huge sugar industry in Jamaica that grew so rapidly that the 57 sugar estates in the island in 1673 grew to nearly 430 by 1739
Emancipation and apprenticeship came into effect in 1834 and full freedom was granted in 1838.
-The Constitution took effect on August 6,1962 when Jamaica gained political independence from Britain, after more than 300 years of British colonial rule
-Patois (Creole), a combination of English and some African languages
Bagardy Slave Scene