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Poetry Genres and Subgenres
Transcript of Poetry Genres and Subgenres
What is a Genre and Sub-genre in Poetry?
Genre- a type of artistic endeavor with a particular form or style.
Sub-genre- a type found in a larger genre
There are many types of genres and subgenres in poetry! It is important to be able to identify what genre poems belong to so that you are able to understand the meaning.
These are usually long poems that narrate a story.
An epic poem that tells the story of a hero's adventures, such as Homer's
is narrative poetry.
Satirical poetry often uses wit and humor to poke fun at others or at organizations.
Limerick- a limerick is a poem that follows a certain pattern and rhyme scheme. It is made up of five lines and each line has five to ten syllables. It is meant to be humorous.
Elegies and Odes
These poems are more serious in nature than satirical poems.
Elegy- a poem that mourns the death of a person or thing.
Ode- this type of poem has very elevated language and structure and is usually about a serious topic.
One famous ode is John Keat's "To Autumn".
SEASON of mists and mellow fruitfulness,
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run;
To bend with apples the moss’d cottage-trees,
And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set budding more,
And still more, later flowers for the bees,
Until they think warm days will never cease,
For Summer has o’er-brimm’d their clammy cells.
Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store?
Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find
Thee sitting careless on a granary floor,
Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind;
Or on a half-reap’d furrow sound asleep,
Drows’d with the fume of poppies, while thy hook
Spares the next swath and all its twined flowers:
And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep
Steady thy laden head across a brook;
Or by a cyder-press, with patient look,
Thou watchest the last oozings hours by hours.
Here is some of
John Keat's ode
that the language creates beautiful imagery!
These poems were made to be spoken aloud or sung.
Ballad- a narrative poem that was originally intended to be sung.
Couplet- a very short poem with only two lines that rhyme with each other.
Sonnet- a poem that is made up of fourteen lines and follows a specific rhyme scheme and pattern.
known for his sonnets.
Haiku- this is a Japanese poem made of three lines with the first and third having five syllables and the second having seven syllables.
Pastoral- a poem that depicts rural life.
Allegory- a poem that has people, symbols, and events that appear to be simple, but has a deeper meaning.
Now that you know a little more about different genres of poetry, it will be easier for you to understand and distinguish how one poem is different from another! If you have any more questions, feel free to ask!