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SS 5: BONDING SINGAPORE

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by

Sin Ying

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of SS 5: BONDING SINGAPORE

Challenges of a multi-ethnic society
Challenges of a multi-ethnic society
Managing Perceptions Of Different Racial Groups
Managing Perceptions Of Different Religious Groups
Difference in religious beliefs and practices
Potential source of
tension
Maria Hertogh riots
in 1950

Managing ethnic diversity
Managing Perceptions Of Different Religious Groups
Managing perceptions of different racial groups

Racial Riots in 1964

36 people dead, 560 people injured
THE CAUSE:

LACK OF UNDERSTANDING > SUSPICION + UNHAPPINESS > DISHARMONY
Racial riots in 1964: PAP's participation in the Federal Election in Malaysia
PAP's
non communal approach

to Malaysian politics and the creation of a Malaysia where everyone have
equal rights threatened
the Malays in
UMNO
(United Malays National Organisation)
Anti-PAP campaign by UMNO leaders to
highlight the poverty
of Malays in Singapore
resettlement plan
by PAP affected 3000 Malay families!
Irresponsible
news reporting
by Utusan Melayu
only 200 Malay families were affected!

and Chinese families were affected too
PAP
DISCRIMINATION!
What UMNO did in response to PAP's participation: The Resettlement Issue
Malays in Singapore:
feelings of dissatisfaction towards PAP were aroused

"PAP doesn't care about us!"
July 1964: PAP called for a meeting with Malays to explain its policies to address any unhappiness
UMNO met the Malays before the meeting: "PAP is anti-Malay!"
PAP promised the Malays their
ECONOMICAL and SOCIAL
positions would be improved through
education and training

Clash
between a Chinese policeman and a group of Malay participants of the procession
Resulted in a
riot
between the Chinese and Malays

Celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in July 1964
Efforts from PAP
Goodwill committees formed to foster stronger bonds among people of different races and religions

IRRESPONSIBLE MEDIA REPORTING (resettlement issue) AND A TRIGGER LIKE THE ISSUE OF RACE CAN CAUSE
SUSPICION
,
DISTRUST
&
HOSTILITY
situation already
tense
What do you think will happen if religious issues are not handled carefully?
HOSTILITY
AND
DISTRUST
COULD OCCUR >
AFFECT RELATIONSHIPS
AMONG THE DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Managing Threats From External Forces
Managing threats from external forces
External forces such as
acts of terrorism

Bonding Singapore
-Dutch couple imprisoned by Japanese
-Daughter (Maria) left with a Malay lady
-Raised as a Muslim and married a Malay teacher at 13
-Later, parents demanded her return
-Court trial followed
-Court ruled in favor of the Dutch
-Muslims felt they were being treated unfairly by the British
-Riot!
-24-hour
curfew
for 2 weeks during the riot
-Called in
British
and
Malayan troops
, and the
Singapore police
to maintain
peace
Efforts from the Singapore government
Impact of the court verdict
Trigger: decision of the court
Maria Hertogh riots in 1950s: How it all started

-Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) men were arrested in Singapore for
terrorist-related
activities

-In
response
to the arrests:

1. Various
political and religious leaders
in Singapore: appealed to Singaporeans to remain calm
2.
Muslim leaders
: condemned the JI group and emphasized that it did not have the support of Muslims.
Why
did the Muslim leaders announce that to Singapore?
3.
Singapore government
:
-on an anti-terrorism stand
-improvement in security
-continue to ensure social cohesion

Singapore's brush with terrorism threat in 2001
Do you think transnational terrorist will attack Singapore? Why or Why not?

Uses racial and religious to create
fear and suspicion
among Singaporeans
Can potentially lead to
anger, hatred
and
CONFLICT
.
No unity
among the people.
Transnational terrorism targets Singapore
Why
target Singapore?

Singapore is a globalized city, with many
foreign
businesses, which are the targets for terrorists.
Singapore is also friendly to the
West
Transnational terrorism: acts of violence which are global in terms of aims, organization and impact.

As these men were from the Malay-Muslim community, the arrests had brought about
suspicion
among the different ethnic groups in Singapore towards the Malay-Muslim community.

In turn, the Malay – Muslim community felt that they had been
unfairly targeted
and this had also led to
unhappiness
.
This incident had
shaken the racial harmony
in Singapore.
If it had not been properly managed
, it could result in
conflict
between the different ethnic groups in the country.

Threat of terrorism is an important challenge of a multi-ethnic society
Full transcript