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Transcript of Hurricane Katrina
Some of the other countries/states affected by the storm were Florida, Mississippi, Bahamas, Cuba and Mexico. In Florida there were over 1 million people without power. Loss of power wasn't the only problem. Other issues were flooding and overturned trees which caused damage to houses and buildings.There were 14 deaths in Florida. There was the same problem in Mississippi. There was a lot of flooding and power lines fell over everywhere. In Mississippi there were 238 dead. In the Bahamas there was a tropical storm, However minimal impact was reported, with only "fresh breezes" on various islands. The storm stayed well to the north of Cuba. On August 29 it brought tropical-storm like winds and rainfall to western regions of the island. Telephone and power lines were damaged and around 8,000 people were evacuated in the province of Pinar del Río . According to Cuban television reports the coastal city of Surgidero de Batabano was 90% underwater. Mexico was affected by hurricane Katrina because it caused about seven million gallons of oil to spill into a gulf. This contaminated the water, endangered wildlife and caused gas prices to rise in the United States.
Why did some people not leave New Orleans?
Some people did not leave New Orleans because it was simply too expensive. Most people in some parts of the city did not have any source of transportation. Most people did not try to help people in need like the elderly or homeless. Also another reason people didn't leave is because they just couldn't leave their homes and all their belongings behind. Louisiana state troopers guided people to safety who had no transportation. 25,000 people with nowhere to go went to the Louisiana Superdome.
Why did the levees fail?
The levees failed because they were not built strong enough to withstand hurricane Katrina. They were only built for a category 3 hurricane but Katrina was a category 5 hurricane. The levees in New Orleans were the worst engineering disaster in the history of the U.S.A. The 2 main levee fails were at the 17th Street canal and the London Avenue levee. Leeves that leaked have been repaired for future floods.
About Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina was a hurricane that hit the region of New Orleans on August 23rd, 2005. The hurricane lasted until August 31st, 2005. Hurricane Katrina caused flooding throughout the city. After the storm 80% of New Orleans was under water. It was one of the five most deadliest hurricanes in U.S history. Hurricane Katrina was a category 5 hurricane. Hurricanes are rated on a danger scale of 1-5. That means hurricane Katrina was a very deadly hurricane. The total death toll from hurricane Katrina was 1,833. There were 705 people missing after the storm.
How New Orleans was affected?
New Orleans was affected the most out of all the regions because the eye of the storm was around 10-15 miles away from the city. So that means that New Orleans was hit the worst. There was severe flooding and after the storm 80% of New Orleans was flooded and below sea level. The cost to rebuild the damage done was around $96-$125 billion making it one of the most economically costly hurricanes to ever strike the U.S.A.
How did hurricane Katrina form?
Hurricanes use convection to create storms. Convection is the movement of hot and cold air. Convection starts by using hot humid air that is at the top of the storm. As the air moves to the top it cools. When the water condensates it produces rain and heat. Cooling air falls back down to the bottom of the storm. It then warms and the cycle restarts. Rising air creates pressure at the top of the hurricane. As cool air falls from the oceans surface it fills the space. This results in a low pressure zone near the oceans surface. As air rises and falls, more clouds are generated and movement of the winds make the hurricane start to spin. In hurricane Katrina's case wind pushed water high and up over the levies causing flooding. Flooding also happened because it kept raining. For it to be considered a hurricane winds must reach 74 miles per hour. Category 5 hurricanes are most dangerous. These hurricanes have winds 130 miles per hour and above.
What was the situation like after hurricane Katrina?
Damage in Cuba
When hurricane Katrina finished it left hundreds dead and missing. There were also 1 million people temporarily homeless. After hurricane Katrina there was a lot more crime than there was before. There were reports of robberies,violence,shootings,
murder and rape. Some of the reports were exaggerated or faked. Reports of snipers shooting at rescue helicopters and at police officers are examples of faked reports. Only one police officer was shot in the aftermath of hurricane Katrina. The officer was probably shot by gang members. Lots of robberies happened because people were struggling to survive. They robbed places for supplies like food, water, clothing, shelter, valuables and money. Some robberies were also found out to be done by NOPD(New Orleans Police Department) officers. Many homeowners were afraid of being robbed so they decided to protect their property with weapons. Many homeowners shot at trespassers that were on their land. These trespassers were often young black men as evident by 18 African Americans dying. After hurricane Katrina 25,000 people that had nowhere to go gathered inside the Louisiana Superdome. Hurricane Katrina caused many problems. People had no running water. Entire neighborhood's were flooded. Many people were stranded. People were stuck on top of houses and trapped in attics. People got out of attics and onto their roofs by chopping their way out. They used axes,sledge hammers and hatchets. Water was not available and power outages lasted for weeks. People are still recovering from the effects of the hurricane both physically and mentally. 90% of New Orleans has been cleared of excess water.
Flooding in New Orleans
House destroyed by hurricane Katrina
What is the economic consequence of hurricane Katrina?
In 2006 the Bush administration gave $105 billion for repairs and reconstruction in the region. The cost to rebuild everything in the region was estimated to be $96-$125 billion. That makes it the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history. That amount of money is not counting damage to oil supplies and exports of cotton. Counting those factors it is estimated at around $200 billion. The region's had about 1 million non farm jobs combined. 600,000 of those a million were in New Orleans. Hundreds of thousands of people in New Orleans and Mississippi were left unemployed. No paychecks were being cashed and no money was being spent. This results in no taxes being collected by the local government. No revenue will limit the resources in future years. Even before the storm this region was one of the poorest in America. Hurricane Katrina also had an impact on gas prices. 24% of natural gas is imported through the region. Pipelines that spread gas to the east coast stopped because of power outages. On August 31st, 2005 gas prices rose $0.30 since the day before and $0.20 before that day ended. Gas prices rose because hurricane Katrina disrupted a gulf in Mexico that had a lot of oil. The storm washed out 95% of the oil. This made oil found more valuable and rare which boosted the prices. Many casinos closed because of the storm. This resulted in lost revenue and jobs. Mississippi lost $500,000 in tax revenue. Hurricane Katrina destroyed New Orleans and the New Orleans Hornets basketball arena. The New Orleans Hornets were a professional team that played in the NBA. They no longer exist today. The New Orleans Hornets could not play in their arena because of its condition. The team relocated to Oklahoma City. The team's name for the rest of the season until their arena was rebuilt was the New Orleans/Oklahoma City Hornets.
It was the third deadliest hurricane in U.S.A history.
This chart shows deaths, property damage and homes destroyed or damaged by each hurricane. They compared 4 deadly hurricanes.
Hurricane Katrina was the costliest us hurricane.
What is the environmental consequence of hurricane Katrina?
Hurricane Katrina affected the region of New Orleans, Florida, Mississippi and Mexico the most. New Orleans was affected because 80% of it was under water. Hurricane Katrina caused about seven million gallons of oil to spill in the Gulf of Mexico. This contaminated the ocean, wildlife, fisheries and resulted in gas prices rising. Fisheries are places where fish are caught by fisherman. The flooding from hurricane Katrina also contaminated groundwater. Household waste, pesticides, heavy metals and toxins have traveled down into our groundwater and contaminated it. In areas hit by Katrina there were 466 buildings that had dangerous chemicals and 31 sites with hazardous waste. The flood water made people ill. People got rashes and blisters when they touched the water. The water was very polluted with chemicals. Floodwater had a toxin in it that turned into dust and began to get into the air. When people breathed in that air they became ill.
What is the social consequence of hurricane Katrina?
Some social consequences of hurricane Katrina were that it caused crime to increase and people did not leave their homes even when they knew the storm was coming. Crime increased because people were struggling to find resources because everyone's home and places were destroyed. There were reports of increase in robberies, violence, shootings, murder and rape. Robberies were most common because people were desperate for money. People did not leave their homes when they realized hurricane Katrina was coming because it was too expensive. People had no transportation and did not want to leave their homes and belongings behind so they did not evacuate. The hurricane also caused people to be separated from their families. People were pushed and ripped apart because of the flood water. Everyone was scattered all over the place. People were also separated because people who were injured were rushed to hospitals but family members were not. Rescue helicopters rescued people from life rafts, roofs and in the water. Organizations are still trying to reunite families today. Studies show hurricane Katrina has caused more people to be homeless and poverty to increase. People died from the hurricane from having no food or water. People also died from food poisoning. In Mississippi, water got contaminated by uncooked chicken and shrimp that found its way into the water. Animals were another social consequence as 8,000 animals were rescued during and after hurricane Katrina in affected areas. Rescue helicopters did not want to take animals in the place of people but families refused to evacuate without their pets. Many animals were displaced as a result. Thousands of animals were sent to North America and adopted as pets.
This is hurricane Katrina forming.
Hurricane Katrina left many homeless
Contaminated water in New Orleans after hurricane Katrina
What is the political consequence of hurricane Katrina?
Before hurricane Katrina there was not a proper evacuation plan for the poor, homeless and elderly. Foreign citizens were not allowed to ride the bus. It was up to the people to find a way to evacuate. Many citizens did not have cars and this prevented them from leaving. George Bush said " New Orleans will be rebuilt" He was criticized because he failed to evacuate people. Thousands died because of him failing to help evacuate them. He was also called racist because many of the residents he failed to provide an evacuation plan with were African American. People gathered inside the Louisiana Superdome. They had no food or water. After the storm while people were in the Superdome the national guard came, brought food and water and helped people evacuate. Evacuating people was a slow process because there were so many. The old and the poorest were left behind. After the storm the national guard decided what was a safe environment for people to be living in. The U.K government sent food and aid while people were trying to recover from the storm.
Thank you for listening to our presentation on hurricane Katrina
Done by: Lukas Geske and Kalen Parris