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Eastern Philosophy

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Cheryne Winstanley-Hayes

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of Eastern Philosophy

Exploring Eastern Philosophy
However Under the surface...
at the tip of the ice burg we simply see the well known religions of;
Utilizing your metaphor of the Iceberg of Philosophy!
Buddhism
Hinduism
Taoism
...There is so much more complexity...
...and interconnectedness
Because those are just the tip of the Iceberg of Eastern Philosophy!
Buddhism
Taoism
Eastern Philosophies
Hinduism
The Meaning Of Life
The Four Nobel Truths
The Noble 8-fold Path is the path which leads to the end of suffering
Life is suffering
Suffering is caused by craving and aversion
Suffering can be overcome and happiness can be attained
The Nobel 8-Fold Path
Right View
Right Intentions
Right Speech
Right
Action
Right Livelihood
Right Effort
Right Concentration
Right Mindfulness
Realms of Existence
The Path of Wisdom
To End Suffering
Through
Deva-gati
Realm of the Gods
Asura-gati
Realm of the Titans
Preta-gati
Realm of the Hungry Ghosts
Naraka-gati
the realm of Hell
Tiryagyoni-gati
Realm of Animals
Manusya-gati
Realm of Humans
Deva-gati
Asura-gati
Preta-gati
Naraka-gati
Tiryagyoni-gati
Manusya-gati
populated by godlike beings
they live in splendor and happiness
but the Deva(Gods) grow old and die
their privilege and exalted status blind them to the suffering of others and as a result they have neither wisdom nor compassion
they are reborn in another of the Realms
populated by strong and powerful beings
have very fierce envy.
karma of hate and jealousy causes people to be reborn in the Asura Realm
Populated by beings with huge, empty stomachs, with pinhole mouths, and necks so thin they cannot swallow
they are always looking outside themselves for the new thing that will satisfy the 'craving within'
characterized by insatiable hunger and craving
associated with addiction, obsession and compulsion.
most terrible of the Six Realms
occupied by Hell beings
Hell beings are overly aggressive and are angered by almost everything
Unchecked anger and aggression causes people to be reborn in the Hell Realm
occupied by animals
animals are marked by stupidity, prejudice and complacency
They live sheltered lives, avoiding discomfort or anything unfamiliar
People who are ignorant and content to remain so are reborn in the Animal Realm
occupied by humans
the only realm of the six from which beings may escape samsara (rebirth)
Enlightenment is achievable only in the human realm
Rebirth into the Human Realm is conditioned by passion, doubt and desire
Karma
Karma is the law that every cause has an effect
Karma is a large dictator in Buddhism.
it even dictates your realm
That in reality, all phenomena are incomplete, impermanent and do no constitute a fixed entity.
The Highest Wisdom is Realizing;
As well as being able to experience and understand truth and reality
to understand that Wisdom requires an open, objective, and unbigoted mind
and that Wisdom without Compassion is considered nothing in Buddhism
Compassion
Compassion includes qualities of sharing, readiness to give comfort, sympathy, concern, caring. In Buddhism, we can really understand others, when we can really understand ourselves, through wisdom.
are determined by
The Meaning Of Life
Is to align oneself with the Tao through wu wei, or effortless being.
Wu Wei
Wu Wei loosely translates to 'no-action'
simply referring to the main philosophy of Taoism of going with the flow of the universe
Philosophical and Religious Aspects
Daojia
Daojiao
is the mystical and philosophical reflections of the Taoist sages found in Taoist scriptures
the institutional religious activities of Taoist Temples, including rituals and ceremonies performed by ordained Taoist Priests
Qi
the subtle energetic force that animates all of existence
There are 4 movements of Qi
Ascending
Descending
Entering
Exiting
Confucianism
Confucianism
Which leads to nirvana
A.K.A. the End of suffering
all of existence and reality IS Tao
Life and Death
Life
Death
Death is not an ending in Taoism.
you are thought to simply move onto a different life, not hell nor heaven, just simply move on
Full transcript