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World Music

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paul spoelstra

on 30 October 2017

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Transcript of World Music


The name "World Music" was formed in 1987 by a number of small London-based record labels.
They found that their releases of international artists were not to find in shops, because record stores had no obvious place to put them.
The term is normally a classification for non-Western traditional music.
The Music World Network (www.worldmusic.net) started a long marketing campaign to impress music stores, critics, concert halls and the audience that here were sounds from all over the world worth listening.
Nowadays World Music Network is one of the leading forces on the international world music scene. They guide you through the wonderful world of music from around the world.
World Music
Chapter 1 :
The Celtic World
Englisch Roots
Chapter 2 :
from the baltic to the balkans
Alpine Folk
Polisch Highlands
Rusia and the New Republics
Romania and Transylvania
Former Yugoslavia
Chapter 3 :
Marocco Portugal - Fado
Mauritania Greece - Rembétika
Algeria - Rai Turkey
Spain - Flamenco
Chapter 4 :
The Nile and the Gulf
The Arab World
Palestinian Music
Egyptian Classical Singers
Modern Egyptian Music
Chapter 5 :
The Indian Subcontinent
Mahfil - Indian music in performance
Classical music of India and Pakistan
Indian Film Music
Qawwali - devotional music of Pakistan
Bhangra - Asian music in Britan
Indian folk
Chapter 6 : West Africa
Manding music of Mali and Guinea
Songs of Mali's Ali Farka Touré
Senegambia and Yousou N'Dour
Cape Verde
Nake and Kabe : Guinea-Bissau
Sierre Leone
The Abidjan recording industry
Ghana - Highlife and roots rhythms
Benin's world rocker Angelique Kidjo
Chapter 7 : Central and East Africa
Zaire - Soukous and dance music
Equatorial Guinea
São Tomé
Kenyan pop
Islamic Taarab of East Africa
Chapter 8 : Southern Africa
South Africa - Pennywhistle to Bubblegum
South African Jazz
Zimbabwe - Jit, Mbira and Chimurenga
Angola & Mozambique
Chapter 9 : The Far East
Java and Bali - Gamelan
Indonesian Pop
The Phillipines
Laos - old style Indochina
China - traditional music and rock
Japan and Okinawa
Chapter 10 : Caribbean
The international sound of salsa
Dominican Merengue
Haïti - Compas and Voodoo
Trinidad - Calypso and Soca
French Antillen - Zouk
Jamaica - roots and reggae
Reggae and Ragga in Britain
Chapter 11 : Latin America
Mexico - mariachi to banda
Colombia - Cumbia
Brazil - Samba, Forró and MPB
Nueva Canción
Argentinian Tango
The Andes
Chapter 12 : North America
Folkways - America's music guardians
Native America - age old and new age
Appalachia - old-time and bluegrass
Louisiana - cajun, zydeco, swamp pop
Tex Mex - conjunto and tejano
Klezmer - rhythm and Jews
Chapter 13 : Australia and the Pacific
Aboriginal music and black rights in Australia
Oceania - Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia
The Music Of Ireland : Pub Sessions
For much of its life Ireland’s traditional music has survived by being passed on from one person to another, whether from parent to child, teacher to pupil, musician to musician or singer to singer. Since it plays such a focal part in Irish life, the pub has become the venue for such transactions via the medium of the session. Indeed, other than concerts or social events, it’s unlikely that the visitor will hear live traditional music in the Irish pub.
Dickie Beirne's Pub Session:
The Music Of Romania
Fanfare Ciocărlia is a popular twelve-piece Balkan Brass Band from the northeastern Romanian village of Zece Prăjini. The band began as a loose assemblage of part-time musicians playing at local weddings and baptisms. In October 1996, the German sound engineer and record producer Henry Ernst visited Zece Prajini and convinced a number of the musicians there to assemble a touring band. These musicians decided to name the band Fanfare Ciocârlia: Fanfare being a French word that has passed into Romanian and is used to designate a brass band; Ciocârlia being the Romanian word for the skylark
The Music Of Portugal
Fado : The dictionary definition of the word "fado" is fate.
The meaning invested in this small word by the Portuguese however is rich, deep and complex. The music can be defined as un urban café style(Lisbon). Its instrumental accompaniment is largely stringed: The Portuguese guitar (12 or 10 strings), Spanish guitar and acoustic bass guitar. The fado is life, considering the long Portuguese tradition of poetry and literature. There is a Portuguese word "Saudade", that has no direct equivalent in English. The closest definition is "yearning". It's an emotional parallel with the Mississippi blues.
Argentina Santos - Amar Não É Pecado
The music of Japan
The koto is a traditional Japanese string instrument. It is the national instrument of Japan. A Koto is about 180 centimeters in length, and made from kiri wood. It has 13 strings that are strung over 13 movable bridges along the width of the instrument. Players can adjust the string pitches by moving these bridges before playing, and use three finger picks (on thumb, index finger, and middle finger) to pluck the strings.
They can also push the string downwards with the fingers of the left hand to change the tune of the sound. It was first introduced to Japan from China in the 7th and 8th century.
STRAWHATZ : a perfect combination
of hiphop and japanese culture
The Music Of India
The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument used in Indian classical music. The instrument can have 18, 19 or 20 strings. Six or seven of these are played strings and the others are sympatic strings which resonate in sympathy with the played strings.

*Anoushka Shankar(1981) : She is a daughter of the Indian sitar player Ravi Shankar(1920-2012).
Ravi has been described as the best-known contemporary Indian musician.
Anoushka began training on the sitar with her father as a child. She is also the half-sister of the successful American singer Norah Jones.

*Odissi Dance :
One of the oldest of the eight classical dance forms of India. Odissi, has its origin in the state of Orissa in north east of India. It is temple dance for more than 2000 years ago.
The dance was traditionally practiced as a sacred ritual.
Anoushka Shankar with Odissi Dancer
The Music Of Argentina
* Tango : It's been said that Argentina has two national anthems, the official hymn and the tango. It is real roots music. The tango was born in the brothels of Buenos Aires. The vertical expression of a horizontal desire.
It was urban music : a product of a melting pot of European immigrants, local criollos, blacks and natives drawn together when the city became the capital of Argentina in 1880. Machismo and violence were part of the culture.

* Gotan Project : This is a music group based in Paris, and formed in 1999.
One of the musicians is Eduardo Makaroff, from Argentina, he arrived in France in the early 90's to develop Argentina tango music.
Gotan Project remixes classical tango music.

The song "Santa Maria”from the album La Revancha del Tango was featured as the music for the tango dance scene in the 2004 movie "Shall We Dance?" with Jennifer Lopez and Richard Gere.
Tango Santa Maria - Gotan Project
The Music Of Australia
*Aboriginals are the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands. The indigenous Australians migrated from Africa to Australia around 70,000 years ago.
Music has formed an integral part of the social, cultural and ceremonial life of the Aboriginals.
*Traditional instruments
Clapsticks : A clapstick is a percussion instrument. The sticks are intended for striking one stick on another.
Didgeridoo : A didgeridoo is one of the oldest instruments to date. It consists of a long tube, without finger holes, through which the player blows. Didgeridoos are traditionally made of eucalyptus, but contemporary materials such as PVC piping are used. Skilled players use the technique of circular breathing to achieve a continuous sound.
Music Of Nigeria
Fela Kuti
Seun Kuti
Fela the father of seun
Fela Kuti (1938 – 1997) was a Nigerian musician, pioneer of Afrobeat music and a human rights activist. Afrobeat is a combination of traditional west African music with jazz and funk.
Fela wrote protest songs against the corruption and repression by the military regime in the 1970’s. Kuti made a clear political statement. Nigerian listeners immediately identified with his songs and these songs became hits. However, the government was not so pleased.
They instructed their soldiers to attack Fela’s studio and destroy his instruments. They hoped to end Kuti’s movement, but in reality they only made him more popular among his Nigerians.
Seun the son of fela
Seun Kuti (1983), is the youngest son of Fela Kuti.
At the age of nine Seun expressed the wish to sing to his father.
A short while later Seun started acting and would sing a few songs backed by “Egypt 80” band before his father came on stage.
Since then Seun has followed the political and social ethos of his father.
Protest songs about political corruption and about the poverty of the average Nigerian people are still the subjects.
After Fela’s death in 1997 Seun, then only 14 years old, became
the lead singer and leader of his father’s former band Egypt 80.

Many Things - Seun Kuti
no food to eat, no light to see
no water to drink, nowhere to stay
The Music Of Cuba
Cuba, the island that gave the world the rumba, the mambo, the bolero, the chachacha, the danzon and the habanera. Dances that have traveled all over the world. Forget sugar, cigars and rum!
Music is Cuba's greatest export! This island is one of the musical powerhouses of the world.
Son : Son is a dominant musical force in the Cuban music.
It originated in the province Oriente at the eastern end of the island but has now become universal. The most popular themes in son lyrics are love and romance.
The son is played by the classic sexteto format :
tres, guitar, string bass, trumpet and a vocalist who also can play
claves or maracas.
Compay Segundo(1907-2003)
Singer and guitar player.
After the revolution(Fidel Castro) it was not possible for him to work as a musician and he got a job as cigar-maker.
At the end of the eighties he was a musician again under guidance of Ry Cooder (Buena Vista Social Club).
On the recordings you can hear that
he was still musical alive at the age of 94.
Chan Chan
The Music Of Zimbabwe
What is this?
This is the mbira(thumb piano).
It’s a musical instrument that has been played by the Shona people of Zimbabwe for thousands of years. The instrument is the primary traditional instrument and used at religious ceremonies, royal courts, and social occasions.
It consists of 22 to 28 metal keys mounted on a hardwood soundboard and is usually placed inside a large resonator. The keys are played with the two thumbs plucking down and
the right index finger plucking up.
Stella Chiweshe - Rwavasekuru
Music Of Madagascar
Madagascar, the world’s fourth largest island, has incredible ethnic diversity.
The Malagasy culture has been influenced by Arab, Persian, Chinese, Indian and European societies over many years.

It’s a family affair: Gabrielle Raharimalala(1958), "Lala Njava".
As her whole family was into music, it was natural that some of the (fifteen) children formed a band named Njava. With this group she toured around the world and promoted the music of Madagascar.
As Lala is concerned about what is happening in her motherland, she founded with her sisters the organization “Dames d’Amour” in order to support children and women there.
Lala’s first solo album “Malagasy Blues Song” released in spring 2013 and is grounded deeply in Madagascan music tradition.
Lala Njava: "Malagasy Blues Song"
Mbira music at Harare Zimbabwe
Oriental Music&Dance : Raks Sharki (bellydance)
It was during the nineteenth century that the West discovered the Orient. European travelers saw an exotic sensual female dance
in which Arabic women express their femininity.
It's healing energy : dancing with their bodies and
be connected with their soul.
For Arabic women dance is expressed in their daily life, it's a celebration of happiness and they share the joy of dancing together.
The oriental dance can only be expressed through music.
There is a very strong dialogue between music and dance.
Music Of Louisiana
Zydeco is a musical genre evolved in Louisiana by French Creole speakers.
In the old days, the Creole Community would gather at harvest time
and work together to complete their tasks.
When the work was finished, the people would celebrate and entertain themselves with a “La La” ( Creole French for house dance.)
Instruments used to create “La La” music were the washboard , spoons, fiddle and an accordion.
When times got tough for a family, they would throw a “La La”, a Saturday night dance in the living room. Emptying the room of all furniture, they would charge ten or fifteen cents admission and sell gumbo(is a dish) and homemade beer.
Chubby Carrier - button accordion
TK Soul(the bad boy of southern soul)
The Magnolia Sisters
Coda : The Netherlands
Ghost Track (traditional & modern)
Music composed by Iwan Gunawan,
gamelan orchestra indonesia
Choreography by:
Andrea Leine, Harijono Roebana

Bangarra Dance Theatre Australia :
Spirit(Holland Dance Festival 2014)
Bangarra dance wants to contribute to the improving of
the lives of Aboriginals and to tell their stories through innovative world-class dance theatre
FADO - Internationaal Danstheater(2014)
A co-production of Internationaal Danstheater and Companhia Portuguesa de Bailado Contemporâneo (CPBC) from Lisbon, Portugal.
The dancers of ID and the dancers of CPCB have taken the roots of fado music as the starting point for an emotional approach to this powerful music.
Choreography : Vasco Wellenkamp Live Music : Carla Pires
The bandoneon was developed by Heinrich Band in the 1840's. Although invented in Germany,
it quickly made its way to Argentina and became synonymous with the Argentine tango.
The bandoneon is held between both hands, with pushing and pulling motions. A bandoneon button produces different notes on the push and the pull ("bisonoric").
Tres Cubanos
FELA! Musical
Première: 4 september 2008
6.15 min.
Ennis Fleadh festival
Young people play traditional Irish music
(0.50 min.)
Norah Jones & Anoushka Shankar
Full transcript