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Transcript of Canadian Coins
they hold important Canadian history! Over time, the heads of Canadian coins changed. From 1837-1901, the head of Canadian coins was a picture
of the young Queen Victoria From 1837-1901, it was a picture of a more mature Queen Victoria From 1902-1910, it was a picture of King Edward VII From 1911-1936, King George V was pictured on the head From 1937-1952 it was a picture of King
George VI New Coin Vocabulary Royal Canadian Mint - The place where coins are made in Canada Jubilee - A special celebration or aniversary Obverse - The side of a coin
or metal that has the main design
From 1953-1964 it was a picture of Queen Elizabeth II
From 1965-1989 it was a different picture of Queen Elizabeth II From 2003-2006 it was a coin with a picture of an older Queen Elizabeth II For the 2010 winter Olympics, there is a coin with Queen Elizabeth II and the rings. They were made from 2007-2010. From 2006-Now there is a coin with a picture of Queen Elizabeth II From 1990-2003 it was another picture of Queen Elizabeth II
From 1990-2003 it was another picture of Queen Elizabeth II
The main tails of Canadian coins were decided in 1937. In 1937, the maple leaf was designed for the 5-cent coin by Kruger Gray. Instead, it was chosen to be for the 1-cent coin. The beaver design was also designed by Kruger Gray. It was orginally for the 10-cent coin, but it was chosen instead for the 5-cent coin. The schooner was designed by Emanuel Hahn in 1937. It had been designed for the 25 cent coin, but was instead used for the 10 cent coin. The caribou head was designed by Emanuel Hahn in 1937. It was originally designed for the 5 cent coin, but instead was used for the 25 cent coin. The original drawings included the Big Dipper constellation in the foreground of the caribou, three of the stars made it to the coin. The loonie was introduced in 1987 to reduce money that was used to print dollar bills. The first design was a voyager canoe. However, a loon designed by Ontario artist Robert-Ralph Carmichael was used instead. In 1995, the introduction of a two dollar coin replaced the two dollar note. This saved taxpayers $250M because the toonie has a 20 year lifespan, instead of one year for the two dollar note. The toonie has a design of a polar bear in its habitat. It was designed by Canadian wildlife artist Brent Townsend.
The RCM made numerous special coins to celebrate specfial events. The V and the torch on the coin was made to encourage the war efforts. The words "we win when we work willingly" were stamped in Morse code around the edge. Due to WWII in 1942, 5-cent coins were made with a metal called 'tombac' to save nickel that was needed for the war. So that the 5-cent coin wouldn't be confused with the 1-cent coin, it was made with 12 sides. This design became so popular that it was kept even after the war. A special coin was made in 1994 for the National Cenotaph. In 1999, a special coin was introduced to celebrate Nunavut
becoming Canada's newest territory. It pictured an Inuit
drummer. It was nicknamed the 'noonie' or 'vootie'. To acknowlage the 200th aniversary of the discovery of the element, nickel, in 1951, the mint made a coin with a design picturing a nickel refinery with low buildings and a flanking a smoke stack in the centre. Canada’s government argued for many years until they decided in 1935 that they should make a silver dollar coin for the 25th anniversary of King George V. Ironically, King George V died a year later. Silver coins were made until 1987 when the loonie was introduced. To honour their devotion to Canada, peacekeepers were
given a special coin in 1995. May June July April March February The mint made special quarters for the new millienium. They made one for each month of the year. (Pictured on the left is
the coin for January) A 10-cent coin was introduced in May of 2001 for voulenteers.
It was also released into general circulation. August The Golden Jubilee Canada Day - 2002 coin that was released on July 1 and circulated just for 3 months. They were made to celebrate Canada’s 135th birthday. These coins are hard to find in circulation today. There are coins with the RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) on them that were made in 1973 and 1998. All coins made for the 2002 Special Edition have the double dates 1952-2002 to celebrate the golden jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada. The coins that had this on the face were one-cent, five-cent, ten-cent, twenty five-cent, fifty-cent, one-dollar (loon), two-dollar (polar bear) and the special one-dollar 50th Anniversary coin. The dollar is impossible to find in circulation. For Canada’s 125th birthday, the mint made 12 twenty-five cent coins. 10 for Canada’s 10 provinces and 2 for Canada’s territories. All of the 25 cent coins have the dates 1867-1992 on the face to signify Canada's 125 years since Confederation. The mint also made 12 more coins
for hopes and aspirations. There is a $20 coin that is 3x thicker than the quarter. It is made of gold. The lower denomination coins (1-cent to 50-cent) also have the 1952-2002 dates on the face side of the coin and can be all found in general circulation. The obverse of of the 2002 fifty-cent Golden Jubilee coin reflects a commemorative medallion struck in 1952 to mark the coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, while the other 4 coins have their regular obverse images. For Canada’s 100th birthday in 1967, the mint made coins with Canada’s wildlife. December November October September The millennium $2 coin was started on Canada day in 2000
The tail has a polar bear and her cubs and the word KNOWLEDGE in French and English
The Mint introduced a 25 cent circulation to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the first French settlement in North America at Saint Croix Island, ME, off the coast of New Brunswick on June 26, 2004. A “lucky loonie” celebrates Canadian athletes and emphasizes their commitment to sports. It was made for general circulation. However, it was also given to to each member of the 2004 Canadian Olympic Team as a good luck charm during the Athens Games. A 25 cent coin with an interesting moose on the obverse was given to all new Canadian citizens becoming Canadian citizens at the Canada Day celebrations July 1st 2004
The coin is not in general circulation. In 2005, Canadians were reaching out to thank our veterans and honour their decades of duty and sacrifice. So the Royal Canadian Mint issued the Year of the Veteran 25-Cent coin on October 17, 2005. The design pictures the faces of two veterans from different generations. March 14th, 2005 was the 25th Anniversary of the Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope, so the mint released a dollar coin with a picture of Terry Fox running. This coin is being nicknamed “The Terry” The Terry is the first coin in circulation ever made with a Canadian on it. For the 2006 winter Olympic games, the mint made another specially designed lucky loonie. The pink ribbon quarter was made on April 2nd 2006 to draw attention to the Pink Ribbon Breast Cancer campaign. The 2005 Victory in Europe Anniversary Nickel honours the 60th anniversary of the end of WWII. This coin is a reflection of the 5-cent coin created in 1943 to promote the Canadian war effort. On July 19, 2005, the Mint released 2 circulation 25-cent coins to celebrate Alberta’s and Saskatchewan's 100th birthday as Canadian provinces. The Royal Canadian Mint, along with The Royal Canadian Legion released the world's first coloured circulation coin on October 21, 2004. It was a 25 cent coin with a red poppy
The red poppy is for the 117,000 courageous Canadians that have died while in the service of Canada. To celebrate the 400th birthday of Quebec City, the mint made a special coin in April 2008. There are three Olympic quarters that represent the top Olympic moments. They have bronze, silver, or gold finishes. According to their finish, they have a medalist featured on it. Two lucky loonies were made for the Vancouver olympic games. The one on the left was released on July 23rd, 2008. The one on the right was released February 12th, 2010. For the 2010 Vancouver Olympic games, special quarters
were made for each sport. To celebrate the 10th anniversary of the $2 coin, there is a special edition polar bear design on the reverse and double date, 1996-2006. Also, after a nation-wide contest, the polar bear has been given the name Churchill after a city in Manitoba where there are many polar bears. The Medal Of Bravery Quarter shows a depiction of the Medal of Bravery and pays tribute to everyday Canadians who risk their lives to save or protect others. It was put into general circulation in October 2006 On March 11, 2009 For the 100th birthday of the Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club, the Mint released its latest circulation coin. It features the logo of the Montreal Canadiens. For Remembrance Day and the 90th anniversary of the Armistice, the Royal Canadian Mint on October 27, 2008, issued its latest coloured circulation coin which features the famous red poppy. On October 25th, 2010, for the 65th anniversary of the end of of WWII, the mint released its 3rd circulation Poppy Coin which marks the 65th anniversary (1945-2010) of the end of WW II. It was also made to honour Canada's War Vets. On June 29th, 2010 for the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Navy, her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada and Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces uncovered the commemorative circulation coin. Bibliography Knight, A. "Canadian Coins - Page 1." Welcome to Shaw Webspace! Web. 26 Mar. 2011. <http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/coins.html>.
Glassford, Patrick. "1996 - Design in Canadian Coins." Welcome to the Web Site of the Canadian Numismatic Publishing Institute. Canadian Numismatic Publishing Institute, 2 Nov. 2004. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.
McLeod, Susanna. "The Loonie: Canada's Dollar Coin: Issued 20 Years Ago, Now a Celebrated Part of Canadiana." Suite101.com: Online Magazine and Writers' Network. Suite101, 4 July 2007. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.
"The Location of George Kruger-Gray's Initials." Jersey Coins and Banknotes. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://jerseycoins.com/pen12/misc/kg.htm>.
Baker, Victoria. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE>.
"Canadian Heritage - The Maple Leaf." Ministère Du Patrimoine Canadien | Department of Canadian Heritage. 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/o3-eng.cfm>.
Av, Kevin. "Coin Collecting: 5-Cent Beavers/, King Edward Viii, Canadian Nickel." AllExperts Questions & Answers. 8 Aug. 2007. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://en.allexperts.com/q/Coin-Collecting-2297/5-Cent-Beavers.htm>.
"Why Is the Schooner on the Dime?" Experts123 - Question and Answer Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://www.experts123.com/q/why-is-the-schooner-on-the-dime.html>.
N, Steve. "Yahoo! Canada Answers - Why Is the Moose Is a Symbol of Canada?" Yahoo! Canada Answers - Home. 2009. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://ca.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090925195027AAEzTaJ>.
"Answers.com - Why Is There a Polar Bear on the Toonie Coinhttp://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why Is There a Polar Bear on the Toonie Coin." WikiAnswers - The Q&A Wiki. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_there_a_polar_bear_on_the_toonie_coinhttp://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_there_a_polar_bear_on_the_toonie_coin>.
Picture Only Sources:
"The Loopy Loonie." Addled Musings — Seeking Sense in the Nonsense. Web. 02 Apr. 2011. <http://addledmusings.com/?p=12>. Engraved dies were prepared in Ottawa and shipped to Winnipeg, but were somehow lost along the way.
Instead of producing the same dies again and leaving a big opening for counterfeiters, the Mint chose another design, the loon.
Kruger Gray's real name was George Edward Kruger. This was because after his marriage in 1918 he adopted his wife's surname. He was a designer, painter, and medallist was a Royal College of Art graduate. He has designed many other coins for other countries. Emanuel Hahn was a sculptor. He was born in Reutlingen, Württemburg, Germany on 30 May 1881 and he died in Toronto on the 14th February 1957. The maple leaf was on all coins from 1876 until 1901. The one-cent piece we have today has two maple leaves on a common twig, a design that has gone nearly completely unchanged since 1937. Many Canadian symbols were proposed for the coins, but the beaver was chosen for the nickel because the beaver is a symbol of hard work, and it's log-chewing and dam-building activities also complimented the Canadian logging industry. The bluenose schooner is a famous racing fishing schooner. It won many trophies for speed. It is very important to Canada. The Caribou is on quarters because it is a common animal to see in the Rockies, an in northern parts of many of the provinces.
There was a contest for the design of the loonie. The voyager canoe came in first place, but the dies were lost. (See other paragraph) So, the mint chose the runner up, the loon. It is actually very simmilar to the canoe, the only difference is the loon instead of the the canoe. The reason why the polar bear is on the toonie is because
the toonie represents the strength and determination of Canadians.