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The Progressive Era
Transcript of The Progressive Era
What was the Progressive Movement?
A movement to fix the political, economic, and social problems of the Gilded Age.
Progressives and Populists
Mostly from cities
Mostly working class and farmers
Both fought against corruption and unfairness
The Social Gospel
Said that Christians had a duty to help solve social problems such as child labor and bad working conditions.
is an economic
system that calls for the government to take control of key industries
(railroads, electric companies, etc) in order to protect the people from abuse by big businesses. Most Progressives felt like Socialism was probably too extreme, though.
Day 2 - Muckrakers
What is a muckraker?
People who investigated and exposed the corruption and other problems of the Gilded Age.
The term was started as an insult by President Teddy Roosevelt, who later became a champion for them.
Jacob Riis - "How the Other Half Lives"
Jacob Riis was a
. In 1890, he published a photojournalism project titled
"How the Other Half Lives," showing how bad life was in the tenement slums
of New York City.
Ida Tarbell - "The History of Standard Oil Company
Ida Tarbell was an investigative
. She is best known for
exposing the corrupt business practices of John D. Rockefeller and his Standard Oil Company
Upton Sinclair - "The Jungle"
Upton Sinclair was
a Socialist journalist
. He is most famous for
his book "The Jungle,"
a fictional story
true events Sinclair witnessed while
investigating the Chicago meat industry
led to many reforms, such as the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
Today we will be learning about social, political, and economic problems at the beginning of the 20th century. In groups, we will pass around pictures. Each picture also has a reading on the back of it. For each of these, you will answer the questions on the Progressive Problems worksheet. Make sure you are matching the correct set of questions to the correct picture/reading.
You will each read a mini-biography about a famous muckraker. As you read, fill in the chart with the basic information about that person. Then make a nametag for that person. Also draw a small symbol that you believe symbolizes who that person is and what they stand for.
Day 3 - Social Reformers
Singing starts at 1:10 mark
Jane Addams and Hull House
helped start the Settlement House movement
. She fought for the poor, immigrants, women, and world peace, among other things. In 1931, she became the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Jane Addams' Hull House was one of the first "Settlement Houses" in America.
were houses set up in poor, immigrant neighborhoods, where middle class social workers would live and work
Ida B. Wells
Ida B. Wells was an
and muckraker who
the horrors of
to the American people. Lynching was
the murder (usually by hanging) of someone by a group of people
. In the South, groups of whites often lynched blacks in order to scare them and keep them down as a race.
Booker T. Washington vs. W.E.B. DuBois
was a member of the temperance movement.
wanted to stop or at least reduce the drinking of alcohol
. Carrie Nation was considered very radical, because she would go into bars and bust up the place with a hatchet.
Booker T. Washington
helped start the Tuskegee Institute, an African-American trade school. He believed that African-Americans should learn useful job skills
and that they would gain civil rights once they had proven that they were useful members of society.
was the first African-American to earn a doctorate degree from Harvard. He
helped found the N.A.A.C.P.
(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). He
disagreed with Washington and believed that African-Americans should fight for their rights now and not wait for them.
Day 4 - Women's Suffrage
What is Women's Suffrage?
Susan B. Anthony
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
The 19th Amendment
Day 5 - Teddy Roosevelt
Today you will read the handout titled "The Social Reformers". Using the terms and definitions in the handout, complete the crossword puzzle.
Women's Suffrage is
women's right to vote
. Historically, women did not have the right to vote in the United States. This led to the Women's Suffrage movement in the late 1800s in which women fought for the government to give them the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
These two women
co-founded the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)
and spent their lives fighting for women's suffrage. They both died before it was passed, however.
Ratified on August 18th, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes it illegal to deny anyone the right to vote based on sex (
it gave women the right to vote
If you are wearing a RED ROSE, you will be researching reasons why women should NOT get the right to vote.
If you are wearing a YELLOW ROSE, you will be researching reasons why women SHOULD get the right to vote.
Complete your handout by filling in 10 ideas or facts that support your opinion. Be prepared to argue/debate your opinion!
Using the cartoon that you've been given of Teddy Roosevelt, along with your textbook and notes, draw a symbol or picture representing each of the major contributions listed.
Each picture should:
*Represent the topic
*Fit into the picture
*Be annotated with an explanation
See the example of "Carrie Nation" if you have any questions!
A young Teddy, doing what he did best - being awesome
President Teddy, laughing right before he does something awesome
Colonel Teddy, thinking back on something awesome he did the day before
Teddy Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States, and at the age of 42, was the
youngest man to ever be president
. He was a very unique man - a rugged outdoorsman and warrior who went to Yale, spoke several languages, and won the Nobel Peace Prize. He became a champion to
known for reforming business and championing other Progressive causes
Teddy Roosevelt's "Square Deal"
President Roosevelt called his domestic policy the "Square Deal." It focused on three things:
1) Conservation of natural resources
2) Controlling of corporations
3) Protecting consumers
Teddy and Conservationist John Muir, at what would later become Yosemite National Park
The Grand Canyon, turned into a landmark by Teddy in 1906
Conservation is the
protection of natural resources
such as plants, animals, and land. Teddy was the first president to make conservation a priority, helping to create national parks and monuments across the U.S..
Devil's Tower, the first national monument
Teddy Roosevelt: Trust Buster?
very aggressive in cracking down on monopolies or "trusts," earning him the nickname of "Trust Buster.
" Today, most historians say he was
more of a "Trust Regulator," though.
In 1906, Teddy pushed Congress to pass the
Meat Inspection Act
, which forced meat producers to slaughter and prepare meat in a more sanitary way and
protected consumers from buying bad meat
Also in 1906, Teddy pushed Congress to pass the
Pure Food and Drug Act
allowed the government to inspect all foods and also made it illegal to sell dangerous or patent (fake) medicines.
Muckrakers Activity Continued
Now, we are going pretend that we are a muckraker and go around the room and introduce ourselves to other muckrakers. Tell each other about yourselves and finish filling out your chart. Do NOT copy another person's chart - get your information by interacting with other human beings.
New Notebook Page
Create a new page in your Notebook titled "Progressive Era Vocabulary." Each day this week, we are going to learn just a few new terms for our Progressive Era unit and write them here.
Annotated Caricature Assignment
Would you vote for Teddy Roosevelt today?
Based on what you've learned, do you think that you would vote for Teddy Roosevelt if he ran for President today? Talk to the person next to you about your answer. On your Progressive Era Vocabulary page, write 3-5 sentences explaining your answer to this question and also your partner's answer to this question.