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One-point Perspective

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Jessica Vanden Heuvel

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of One-point Perspective

One-Point Perspective
Creating Space
Objects in the foreground are going to be larger because they are closer to you. They will be darker in value and have more details.
How did perspective develop?
Drawing in One-point Perspective
You try it!
Middle ground
Objects in the middle will be smaller than those in the foreground. They should be drawn in correct proportion to objects in the foreground.
The background is going to be lightest in value (generally) and have less detail. Objects will be smaller than those in the middle and foreground even if they are larger in reality. Drawing them smaller will make them recede into the background.

1267-1337: Giotto
Giotto was an Italian painter who painted
. paintings were a breakthrough for his time, though he did not have the perspective quite figured out. Notice the disproportion in the sizes of houses, mountains and people, and that the
depth of field
is shallow. Also note the platter-like halos to show divinity. Compare his paintings with the ones that came after and notice how perspective developed over time.

Giotto, Flight Into Egypt, 1304-06

Giotto, Ognisanti Madonna, 1310.

1377-1446: Brunelleschi

Linear perspective had been perfected and applied in Greek and Roman artwork but was lost in the Middle Ages. Brunelleschi was said to have ‘rediscovered’ it as an art method through experimental paintings of the Baptistry in Florence, Italy. A ‘rule book’ of sorts with his findings was created by an artist named Alberti.
1452-1519: DaVinci
DaVinci was an inventor, scientist and an artist. He was very talented when it came to showing perspective in his work. How are daVinci's paintings different than the ones by Giotto that you saw earlier?
Horizon Line
Vanishing Point
Vertical lines
Horizontal lines
Orthogonal lines
Watch this one when you want a slower step-by-step demo to review
Watch this one when you're ready for more!
Watch this intro video for beginning a perspective drawing.
Travel through time to watch
Giotto & DaVinci discuss their work!

Part 1
If you had a hard time understanding the Italian accents, you can watch them here without it:
Part 2
Part 3
Explore around the space for information about perspective. Learn how it's done and then try it yourself!
Watch the demonstrations for more practice. You can pause them and follow along at your own pace.
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy. 2011. Brunelleschi. Available at Smarthistory. Website: http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/Brunelleschi.html

Baptistery city view By Marie-Lan Nguyen (Own work) [CC-BY-2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
Art History frame:
Baptistry of Florence , Italy, October 13, 2005, own work, Georges Jansoone
Harmoni, Ben. (Recording Artist).2014. LIL Italian Café. Sound clip retrieved from SoundCloud.

Cathrae, Martin. (2004). [photo]. Creative Commons License. Retrieved from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/suckamc/1890091/in/photostream. (train tracks)
Ognisanti Madonna, Giotto [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Flight Into Egyt, (Giotto [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons)
Florence Baptistery city view
Baptistry of Florence
Leonardo daVinci, Annunciation, 1472–1475

Annunciation, daVinci [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Use the mouse to zoom in & out and explore this area. Hit the sound icon on your prezi controls to mute the music while watching the video.{Remember to turn it back on when you're done!) When you're ready to move on, click the forward arrow on the prezi controls.
Leonardo Da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1498
The Last Supper, DVinci [Public Domain], via. http://2draw.net/wiki/One-Point_Perspective
Silje, AnonMoos, poznaniak, przykuta [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons (Footprints)
paintings made on large sections of plaster. Artists would prepare as much as they could get done in a day because they needed to work on it while it was still wet.

Depth of field:
The space created visually by elements in the drawing. Ask yourself: ‘how far into the distance can I see? What helps show this?”
Vanishing point:
The point to which all lines that are parallel to the ground will recede to
Horizon line:
The horizontal line where the sky meets the land
Orthogonal lines:

The horizontal lines that recede toward the vanishing point
Horizontal lines:
Lines that are parallel to the ground but do not move toward the vanishing point
ertical lines:
Any line that is perpendicular to the ground
Part 1:
Part 3:
Part 2:
Click forward
Click the forward button to see the definitions
Full transcript