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Victimology - Week 2

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Sarah Daly

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Victimology - Week 2

Prof. Sarah Daly Victimology - Week 2 Making sense of the numbers Understanding statistics TODAY is the last day to drop without a "W"
See me after class for graded reaction papers if you submitted one
Also see me after class if you were not present last week to complete quick assignment Housekeeping What does this
mean for victimology? "There are three kinds of lies:
lies, damned lies, and statistics." ~Mark Twain Assess of threat
Patterns vs trends
Estimate scope of problem
Evaluate effectiveness of programs
Confirm or deny theories Why use stats? Aggregate data - Larger picture (e.g. across the nation, etc.)
Disaggregate data - Broken down by a specific variable or variables (often demographic)

Which is more useful and to whom? Aggregate vs.
disaggregate data These are DESCRIPTIVE statistics, meaning they describe the information provided by agencies or respondents. A word of caution: What do they NOT
provide? FBI Crime Clock
Uniform Crime Report (UCR)
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Types of data and reports Calculates number of crimes by 525,600 minutes to estimate frequencies of crimes
How can we interpret this?
What are strengths and weaknesses of this?
Is this completely accurate? FBI Crime Clock Established in 1927
Uses reports from police and sheriff's departments
Report on variety of crimes
Part I - crimes against persons and property
Examples: murder, rape, robbery, burlary, arson, theft, etc.
Part II - arrest data
Examples: counterfeiting, weapons, drug offenses, etc.
Addition - hate crime information Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Underreporting
Offender-focused
Mixes reports of attempted and completed crimes
Reports incidents against all targets
Falls victim to the hierarchy rule

So why use it? Shortcomings National Crime Victimization
Survey (NCVS) Sampling errors
Credibility issues
Memory decay
Forward telescoping
Approximations of crimes Shortcomings Per 100,000 people UCR Data Available online with a myriad of information and downloadable files
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr Established in 1966
Self-report survey
Interviews households every six months for three years
Victim-centered
Includes crimes not reported
Questionnaire available online:
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/ncvs109.pdf What struck you most about the reading?
How do different demographic groups compare? (Race, gender, SES, etc.) In pairs or groups of three, write all names on index card and discuss the following questions and write short answers (approximately 1-2 sentences):

How do the UCR and NCVS differ? Cite at least two specific differences.
How can they complement each other?
Which best serves the needs of victimologists? Why?
How can criminal justice officials and program leaders use this information to better serve victims? Activity Final Slides Notes on reaction papers:
Include material from readings, but focus on reactions
Submit on Blackboard (as .doc or .docx file)
Check for grammar, spelling, and mechanics
Great use of personal experiences and beliefs thus far Read Karmen, Chapter 10
You can read pages 241-254 and save second half of chapter for next week
Read Lucky by Alice Sebold, Chapter 1-7
Keep victim experience in the forefront of your mind as you read
Remember to submit reaction papers (if desired) by 11:59 pm next Monday For next week: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=nvat Play with NCVS and UCR data:
Full transcript