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Capital Punishment

AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION PROJECT
by

Rita Akhian

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Capital Punishment

1700
1800
2000
1600
1900
Capital Punishment
1622
The first legal execution of a criminal in the American Colonies occured in Virginia with the execution of Daniel Frank for Theft.
1791
The Bill of Rights is ratified, including the Eight Amendment, which prohibited the imposition of cruel and unusual punishments.
(violation)
-Breaks the fifth commandment
“To kill is to rob man of the great privilege reserved for God alone. Only God has the right to judge when the physical must end.” (Moses)
(Immoral & unconstitutional)
Early 1800's
(1823- 1837)
Last person burned at the stake was a black slave in South Carolina in 1825.
Many states reduce their number of capital crimes and build state penitentiaries.
Over 100 of the 222 crimes punishable by death are eliminated in Britain.
In 1847, Michigan became the first state to abolish the death penalty for all crimes except treason. Rhode Island follows in 1852, and Wisconsin in 1853.
1888
New York becomes the first state to adopt electrocution as an execution method following demonstrations of the new technology by Thomas Edison.
Murderer William Kemmler is the first person executed in the electric chair on August 6, 1890 at New York's Auburn Prison.
1924
The use of cyanide gas was introduced as an execution method in the United States.
1970
Gender Bias
Women escape the death sentence 99% of the time because of the justifying factors that judges give them. Women are seen as less threats and, to this day, only 2% of executed people have been women.
What is Capital Punishment?
Capital punishment is the death penalty for a crime.

In the past, capital punishment had been practiced by most societies as a punishment for criminals as well as political or religious objectors.
Many countries acknowledged the death penalty as the most appropriate punishment as humans are often afraid of death.
We
KILL

people who
KILL

people because
KILLING

people is wrong.
The death penalty was first established as far back as the
Eighteenth Century B.C.
in the Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon, which systemized the death penalty for 25 different crimes.
In the
Tenth Century A.D.
, hanging became the usual method of execution in Britain. Britain influenced America's use of the death penalty more than any other country.
When European settlers came to the new world, they brought the practice of capital punishment.
Early Death Penalty
1636
Idolatry and witchcraft lists 13 crimes punishable by death in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1608
The first recorded execution in the new colonies was that of Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia, for being a spy for Spain.
1973
White VS Colored
139 capital convicts that have been found
innocent
have been color.
Of the justifying all-white juries, giving opportunity for bias decisions, 20% of African Americans have been convicted.
Death Penalty Progress Video
The most common use of execution method since 1976 has been lethal injection
1976 to Jan. 16, 2014
1,362 executions, of which 1,187 were by lethal injection
158 by electrocution
11 by gas chamber
3 by hanging
3 by firing squad

222 crimes were punishable by death in Britain, including stealing, cutting down a tree, and robbing a rabbit warren.
Full transcript