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AP Comparative Government
Transcript of AP Comparative Government
Experts - plenty of advice/influence
Lifers - refrain from politics
Linkage - target of many lobbyists Whitehall Nomenklatura - "List of Names"
Central Committee --> Politburo --> General Secretary
Patron-clientelism based on loyalty
Easily replcaeable civil servants
Lenin wanted “reliability, political attitude, qualifications, and administrative ability”
Tension between local/central and shadow/official government --> extensive bureaucracy Российская Федерация | Russian Federation Great Britain Civil-Service Examinations
Merit-based, Confucian Scholarship
Created divide between elite & peasantry
Abolished in 1905 Communism Theoretically connected more via the "Mass Line"
Consolidated power in elite groups (akin to Russia) Hundred Flower's Campaign '56
Encouraged people to speak out, get involved
Backfired with massive criticism of Communism
Mao's Cultural Revolution
Expunged scholarly people from the government
remove the remnants of "old China" Cadres - dedicated Commies
Guanxi - patron-client system in China
Bureaucracy dominated by top party officials and staffed by cadres
Post-Deng - more Technocrats China Camarillas (Patron-client networks) woven into the society
Cardenas (late 30s) “Roosevelt of Mexico” led to much Corporatism
70’s Technicos took control of government
México Clerical Elites
Supported by Khomeini and popular support
huge, dominated by Clergy
Iran Britain imposed its own bureaucracy on Nigeria through indirect rule
Prebendalism (patron-client) - based on loyalty,
huuuuuge corruption (CPI)
Only gov-approved interest groups can gain access
State corporatism - parastatals
NIGERIA AP Comparative Government Max Rosenwasser "The bureaucracy is expanding to meet the needs of the expanding bureaucracy"