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Relationship between Jem and Scout

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Nisha Mehta

on 11 August 2015

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Transcript of Relationship between Jem and Scout

To Kill a Mockingbird - Art Gallery
The relationship between Jem and Scout in "To Kill A Mockingbird' by Harper Lee, changes greatly as the novel progresses, as characters, particularly Jem, grow up. They experience exciting, agitating and risky events together, and these assist in developing the way they relate to each other. The age gap between the siblings is intriguing, as it ensures that their roles in the novel are definite; Scout as the inquisitive, young tomboy and Jem as the highly mature, yet rather emotional, older brother. However, despite these distinct roles, their relationship can show otherwise. Later on in the novel, Scout shows the reader of their already changing relationship, when she says Jem was careful to explain that during school hours I was not to bother him, I was not to approach him with requests... I was to stick with the first grade and he would stick with the fifth. In short, I was to leave him alone.
Relationship between Jem and Scout
When Dill and Scout are outside the courthouse, Dill starts to feel sick. Mr. Raymond offers Dill a sip out of his paper bag, and says that'll settle his stomach. Dill takes a sip and reassures Scout that it's just coca-cola. Scout is curious to know why Mr. Raymond pretends to stay drunk all the time. He says, "Some folks don't like the way I live. Now I could say to hell with 'em, I don't care if they don't like it. I so say I don't care if they don't like it, right enough- but I don't say to hell with 'em, see?" He explains that this is the only way people will leave him alone and let him live his own life. He is a white man who lives in a black community, so he is expected to be like them and people make a big deal out of it. Mr. Raymond explains how he prefers the black community better than the Whites.
Dolphus Raymond's hidden coca-cola bag
Scout is never actually able to see Boo, since her ham costume gets in the way of her view, but she does realize that "It was now slowly coming to me that there were four people under the tree" - Jem, Sccout and the two unidentified men (Bob Ewell and Boo Radley). Later when Boo is seen by Scout in the corner of Jem's room, her dream of finally getting to see him comes to life in the most unexpected ways; Boo has saved her life from the murderous hands of Bob Ewell. After walking Boo home in the final chapter, Scout reflects about their meeting while standing on the Radley porch. Scout says "Boo was our neighbour. He gave us two soap dolls, a broken watch and chain, a pair of good luck pennies, and our lives. But neighbours give in return. We never put back into the tree what we had taken out of it: We had given him nothing, and it made me sad."
Boo Radley comes to the rescue
Jem hated Mrs. Dubose as she said horrible things about Atticus to him. Scout introduces her as "plain hell" and sees her as a distressing, barely human force that takes over their afternoons after Jem goes crazy on her camelias. It's not until after she dies that Scout and Jem get a sense of what was going on with her. Mrs. Dubose was a morphine addict who had vowed to go clean before she died, and enlisted Jem and Scout (without their knowledge) to keep her away from the stuff for longer and longer periods of time. Atticus was hoping that the kids learnt a valuable lesson from Mrs. Dubose. He sees what most people didn't see in the old lady. He says to his children "I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand... According to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody. She was the bravest person I ever knew." Mrs. Dubose was a lonely old lady who had fought the pain of many years the only was she could. In the end, she battled her addiction and let two children into her life - Jem and Scout Finch.
Mrs. Dubose's death

Scout and Calpurnia's relationship
Calpurnia and Scout have a teacher- student relationship. Calpurnia disciplines Scout, and at times, Scout rebels against that teaching. Scout expresses her feelings to Atticus who sensibly sides with Calpurnia. During one of the times Calpurnia has tried disciplining Scout, Scout says to Atticus "She likes Jem better'n she likes me anyway,' I concluded, and suggested that Atticus lose no time in packing her off." Scout reacts as a typical child would when she is getting told off, but in reality, she truly loves Calpurnia. Scout is learning, and she has to be disciplined, although no one enjoys discipline. Calpurnia mixes her discipline with affection, which often pleases Scout. Truly, Scout and Calpurnia have a balanced relationship. She teaches Scout, and tells her off using tough love, then she pampers Scout with love and affection. No doubt, Scout will grow up to appreciate the troubles Calpurnia has gone to, to raise her well, and for Calpurnia's teaching and tender love.
Tom Robinson's trial
At the beginning of the trial Jem and Scout arrive against Atticus' wishes and they find that there are no seats left, so when they see Reverend Sykes, he asks them to go sit up in the balcony. When they go up to the balcony, three negroes from the front row moved to let them sit down. When they looked at the witness stand, they already see Mr. Heck Tate down there. Mr Hate Tate's testimony states that: "On November 21st, he was leaving his office when Mr. Ewell came in and said a Negro raped his daughter. That was when he got in his car and went to Mr. Ewell's house. When he got there, she was badly beaten and when Mr. Heck Tate asked her who did it, she said it was Tom Robinson. He drove to Tom's house and brought him back and she identified him as the one. In addition, Atticus made it very clear that no one called the doctor. After Tom is found guilty, he's put in jail. Before his appeal and during his time in the jail yard, he tries to escape, but doesn't get far as the guards put nearly seventeen bullets in him.
Miss Maudie's house burnt down.
In Harper Lee's novel 'To Kill A Mockingbird', Miss Maudie's house burns down. This occurs as it is Winter time and Miss Maudie, who has a great passion for flowers, keeps a lamp close to them during the night so that they wouldn't freeze to death. As a result of this, her house gets burnt down. However, during this scene, Scout has a mysterious encounter as she gets a surprise visit from Boo Radley that she is completely unaware of. Later on when Atticus asks her about it, she has no idea who put it over her. Jem comprehends that Boo put it on her, and he reveals all the other strange encounters they've had with him to Atticus. Atticus advices them to keep it to themselves, but Scout, realizing that Boo Radley was standing right behind her, feels sick and throws up. This symbolizes the fact that Boo has humanity and isn't a monster like everyone believes he is.
Atticus shoots a mad dog in the street
The mad dog is symbolic of a few things. Firstly, the mad dog represents the 'madness' that Atticus has to face since he has taken on Tom Robinson's case. The community has rallied against Atticus because they believe Tom Robinson is guilty, just because he is black. Throughout the novel, the Finch family have to block themselves out from the racism they're receiving. The mad dog is symbolic of Atticus' strengths and his desire to protect his family. When the mad dog got near Jem and Scout, he immediately grabs a rifle and shouts and shoots the dog. Jem and Scout are surprised by this, as they've always thought of their Father to be a very careful and gentle man. However, he is a good shot, and the dog dies quickly. This scene shows that Atticus will go to lengths to protect his family from the madness around them.
Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to Church
Calpurnia is determined that she has no choice but to take Jem and Scout with her to the 'coloured people's Church' and it is a major event for her. Calpurnia prepares the Finch kids for this unusual outing. She knows that taking the Caucasian Finch children to the African- American Church just out of town will be seen by other African- American people as a rare sight with a potential shock, which is precisely the reaction she and the children received as they entered. Scout sayd "When they saw Jem and me with Calpurnia, the men stepped back and took off their hats; the women crossed their arms and their waists, weekday gestures for respectful attention... Calpurnia walkde between Jem and me, responding to the greetings of her brightly coloured neighbours."
Exegesis
For the creative task assigned to us, I chose to do Task 3 which consists of presenting a visual journey exhibition of 'To Kill a Mockinbird' at an Art Gallery. As the curator of this exhibition, I needed to select images to illustrate key scenes of this journey. I needed to provide notes to help Gallery visitors understand the significance of each of the images. I chose to pursue this task as it portrays to the reader the main key events of the novel and what each event represents. The novel symbolizes racism, especially when Doplhus Raymond gets looked down at for living in the black community even though he is white. The novel also shows us injustice, and an example of this is when Miss Caroline (Scout's teacher) tells her that she is not to be taught to read any more.

By Nisha Mehta 10G
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