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Homelessness in Canada

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Alexandra Irakoze

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of Homelessness in Canada

Homelessness in Canada (Ottawa)
by Alexandra Irakoze
Definition of homelessness
Background informations
Causes of homelessness
Affected categories
Homelessness effects
Types of homeless
Government actions to fight homelessness
- loss of jobs
- abuse
- unmanageable living expenses
- mental health and/or addiction problems
- unaffordable housing
(City of Ottawa, 2014)
Other Organizations actions to end homelessness
-emergency sheltered (overnight shelters for homeless)
-provisionally accommodated (prisons, hospital, couch surfing)
-at risk of homelessness (poor economic situation)
-males (25-55)
-youth (16-24),
-women and

No exact definition of homelessness
According to the Canadian Homelessness Research Network, Homelessness describes the situation of an individual or family without stable, permanent, appropriate housing, or the immediate prospect, means and ability of acquiring it. (CHRN,2012:1)
Thank you!
Any questions ??

Poverty and homelessness existed in Canada since a long time ago, but it became a "social problem" in the last two decades and since then most of Canadians' salaries are spent on their rent because of:
experience of colonialism
hard adaptation to cities after they migrate
few job opportunities because of racism and social stigma behind aboriginal in cities
discrimination and abuse in the past and now (CHRN, 2013)
Single Males Adults
form the majority of homeless people because of
mental illness,
disability, including invisible disabilities such as brain injury (CHRN,2013)
-declining incomes,
-significant rise in wage gaps between the wealthiest and the least wealthy (CHRN,2013)
-diminution of benefits like health, post-secondary education and social welfare services (CHRN,2013)
- reduction in the investment in affordable housing (CHRN,2013)

disruptions to school and/or family lives (divorce)
not appreciated sexual orientation
physical, emotional and/or sexual abuse (CHRN,2013)
Violence and assault
poverty (CHRN,2013:26)
-inadequate income,
-lack of affordable housing
-family violence
Homelessness causes health problems for homeless people:
higher risk for infectious disease,
premature death,
acute illness,
chronic health problems than the general population.
at higher risk for suicide,
mental health problems
drug or alcohol addiction.” (Golden,1999 : 103).
A lot of tax-payers money used by the government to social services for homeless people ( $7 Billion in 2013 (CHRN,2013)
Therefore, with an increasing number of homeless people, there are a lot of money used for their shelters, and other services.
In cities with homeless, more dirt which increases health problems to passers

Homelessness causes a variety of social problems:
family breakdown and abuse,
bad childhood experiences,
foster care (and its bad experiences)
youth pregnancy
inadequate parenting skills,
child development problems.
more crimes (Eberle Planning & Research (BC, 2001)
Social effects of Homelessness
Homelessness effects on non-homeless Canadians
Each night,
30 000 people were homeless in Canada in 2013 (CHRN,2013)
16 to 45 are homeless in Ottawa. ( City of Ottawa, 2014)

Each night in Canada
-unsheltered 2,880
- emergency sheltered 14,400
-provisionally accommodated 4,464
- staying in violence against women shelters 7,350
- couch surfing (hidden homeless) 50,000
On an annual basis,
Chronic Homelessness : 4,000 to 8,000
Episodic Homelessness : 6,000 to 22,000
Transitionally Homelessness : 176,000 to 188,000
There are numerous organizations in Ottawa to help homeless people with their basic needs like food, clothes, healthcare, and/or shelters for different categories of people like
The Ottawa Mission
Shepherds of good hope
city of Ottawa shelters
Critics says Canada manages problems of homelessness instead of resolving it,
A solution would then be to prevent people from becoming poor by:
increasing affordable housing,
give support needed and increase income by creating new jobs for Canadians and
implementing a housing-first program and make them consistent with principles of model (Stergiopoulos&Tsemberis, 2013)
concentrate on each case for a better productivity(e.g: aboriginal)
-financial support community services that help homeless people in Canada (City of Ottawa, 2014)
Addressing homelessness. (2014). City of Ottawa. Retrieved May 30, 2014, from http://ottawa.ca/en/residents/social-services/housing/addressing-homelessness

Gaetz, S., Donaldson, J., Richter, T., & Gulliver, T. (2013). The state of Homelessness in Canada 2013. Canadian Homelessness Research Network Press. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from http://www.homelesshub.ca/ResourceFiles/SOHC2103.pdf

Homelessness — Causes & Effects. (2001).National Library of Canada Cataloguing in Publication Data. Retrieved June 8, 2014, from http://www.housing.gov.bc.ca/pub/Vol1.pdf

"Our ten year plan." City of Ottawa. 2014 Web. 8 June 2014. <http://ottawa.ca/en/residents/social-services/housing/our-ten-year-plan>.

Tsemberis, Sam, and Vicky Stergiopoulos. "How Economic Action Plan 2013 Could End Homelessness in Canada." The Huffington Post. 2013. Web. 8 June 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/sam-tsemberis/economic-action-plan-2013-homeless-canada_b_3165188.html>.

There are also other organizations to help homeless people in a long-term goal of ending homelessness
Raising the roof
Habitat for humanity
Alliance to end homelessness
-Ten year plan : City of Ottawa $14 M Housing and Homelessness investment plan with priorities of
Ensuring everyone has a home;
Ensuring people get the support they need &
Working together with other organizations. (City of Ottawa, 2014)
General information was easy to find
Specific information was harder
No other major challenge

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