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The Modern Age: 1901 – 1950
Transcript of The Modern Age: 1901 – 1950
Glimpse of WW1
Key Events World
Queen Victoria Dies(1901)
Henry Ford produces 1st model T car(1908)
Robert Peary Becomes the First to Reach the North Pole (1909)
More than 1500 die in sinking of Titanic (1912)
Arizona and New Mexico become US states (1912)
The Great War (WW1) 1914-1918
Russian Revolution (1917)
International Court of Justice established at The Hague (1920)
Truman orders use of atomic bombs against Japan (1945)
United Nations is formed (1945)
WW2 1939 - 1945
Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse (1948 January 30)
The Soviet Union detonates its first atomic device (1949)
NATO Established (1949)
A walk down memory lane...
Time of great definition in literature history
Experienced many moments of change
Begun w/swift and unforeseen break of traditional views & interpretations
General disdain for last century's literature
Experimentation and individualism praised as virtue
"Goodbye, Mr. Chips. Goodbye."
Experimentation very much explored
War = modernist bleak tone/ bordered depression
Artists had no limits
Time of change including: technological advances and greater social freedoms
Stride's to overcome sexism and racism with authors like: Langston Hughes & Hilda Doolittle
Lost generation found meaning in chaos
After the War optimism regained and Commercialism, publicity, & popular audience once again embraced
Glimpse of WW2
First silent movie (The Great Train Robbery) 1903
First Movie Theater opens in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 1905
World's first radio station opens in Britain (1920)
Walt Disney creates his first cartoon, "Alice's Wonderland" (1924)
The First Talking Movie, The Jazz Singer (1927)
First Mickey Mouse cartoon (1928)
Key Events Entertainment
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
Real life events inspired F.Scott Fitzgerald
Fitzgerald proposed to Zelda Sayre/ she accepted though backed out b/c fiance's lack of funds
He became successful with first published novel "The Romantic Egoist" /they reunited & tied the knot.
Tumultuous marriage ensued
Known for hosting many rambunctious parties
Zelda was known to be a flirt & Fitzgerald a jealous man.
Fitzgerald's struggle with alcoholism worsened throughout marriage
Zelda experienced many embarrassing emotional outbursts/ in and out of clinics in Switzerland.
Eventually the couple distanced though Zelda was a great source of inspiration for many of Fitzgerald's work.
The Romantic Egotist - This Side of Paradise
This book contains many autobiographical elements, though it is a non fiction story. Amory Blaine attends Princeton before enlisting in WW1. While away young Amory falls in love with Rosalind Connage, though she refuses to marry into poverty and instead marries a wealthier man. This sends Amory on a drinking binge terminated only by the beginning of prohibition. Amory then embarks upon a journey of self discovery.Beatrice Blaine and a close family friend pass away over the course of this time. Broke and disheartened Amory walks to Princeton pining for Rosalind. Avory reaches out his hands with the final words
"I know myself, but that is all--"
Autobiographical: attended Princeton, enlisted in army, Zelda refused to marry b/c of finances, alcoholism struggle.
Telling of times: Postwar youth(search for identity), bobbing parties(generally gathering for girls bob haircuts, new trend) , mention of relevant famed people & work(Do and Dare by Horatio Alger), demonstration of jazz age, alcohol, and flapper lifestyle (sexual revolution,fun and care free)
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