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Vulnerable Dutch Jews
Transcript of Vulnerable Dutch Jews
Jews in pre-war Holland 75% was killed by the Nazis Howcome? What made the Jews so vulnerable? They were registered Throughout history Holland and its people have been very well administrated by the government. All Jews were kown to be Jewish. They lived concentrated Many Dutch Jews lived in Amsterdam 80 thousend lived in the capital city.
Almost 60% of all So they were easy to find Moreover, even before the Nazis came, ID cards were obligated in the Netherlands. For a non-Jewish man, an ID looked this way But for Jews, a "J" was added by the Nazis They hardly resisted at all The 'Joodse Raad' (Jewish Council), founded by the Nazis, had to be the Nazis gateway into the Jewish community. However, its members were respected Jews, so it was still somewhat authoritative amongst the Jews. And because of its Nazi origin, it highly discouraged resistance amongst the Jews. Succesfully: it was hardly ever done. The council The Queen have could helped more She fled to London, leaving the autority vacant for the Nazi Reichskommisar Arthur Seyss-Inquart, which was a extreme antisemitist, to occupy. By that, she did not help by encouraging the resistance, except for her remote speeches through an illegal radio station. Other European leaders on the other hand, which were able to stay, could help the resistance more. Queen Wilhelmina, speaking to the Dutch illegal radio station 'Radio Oranje' from London Collected data included:
Etc. Note: The results of the queens flee are somewhat disputed by some historians.