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5th Grade Mummy Lesson Plan

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by

Dana Newman

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of 5th Grade Mummy Lesson Plan

Time to unwrap ourselves with Egyptian mummies
Egyptian Mummies
Delaware Content Standards for a 5th grade classroom:
Essential Questions:
Objectives:
KWL CHART
What do we know about mummies?
What do we want to know about mummies?
What do we want to learn about mummies?
What are mummies?
Mummies are bodies that have gone through the process of mummification to be persevered for the after life.
How were mummies made?
*Took 70 days
*Multiple embalmers took place in the mummification process
*The head embalmer was known as the: hery sheshta.
*The head embalmer also wore an jackal mask to represent the god of mummification.
Time to empty out
The embalmers would completely clean the body and then take it to the wabet
(A wabet is the place were the emblaing would take place.)
A priest would then come in and make a long cut along the left side of the body
History Standard One 4-5a: Students will study historical events and persons within a given time frame in order to create a chronology and identify related cause-and-effect factors.
1. To what extent does one thing always lead to another?
History Standard Two 4-5b: Students will examine historical materials relating to a particular region, society, or theme; chronologically arrange them, and analyze change over time.
2. How should historical sources be used to look for change?
GEOGRAPHY STANDARD TWO: Students will develop a knowledge of the ways humans modify and respond to the natural environment [ENVIRONMENT].
GEOGRAPHY STANDARD FOUR: Students will develop an understanding of the character and use of regions and the connections between and among them [REGIONS].
Standard 1: Nature and Application of Science and Technology
3. How have past scientific contributions influenced current scientific understanding of the world?
The embalmers would then began to remove all of the organs, except for the brain. The brain was viewed a s having little importance because the Egyptians felt as though the heart was the center of life.
Once all the organs were removed, salt was put inside of the open body for 40 days of the 70 day mummification process to dry the body out.
Storing the organs
Once everything was removed, it was time to begin to store the organs.
The organs such as the: liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines were stored in canopic jars.
Each of the four jars represented one of the sons of the God Horus
Time to get plumped up
The bodies were then washed with palm wine to help preserve the skin
Once the 40 day time period was reached the skin would be shriveled up
The skin would resemble leather
The place were the organs once resided is now stuffed with saw dust and rags
Ready to Go!
Once all the organs were stored away and the body was ready, the embalmers began to wrap the body up
Duamutef

* Held the stomach
Qebehsenuef

* Held the intestines
Hapy

*Held the lungs
Imesty

*Held the liver
The heart was pickled and
put back into the body
.
Let's get painted!
After the body was stuffed, it was then covered with resin and paint.
Red

ochre paint was used for the men
Yellow

ochre paint was used for the women
* The body was wrapped in scared
linens of Osiris just as Isis had previously done.

Wrapping, Wrapping, and more Wrapping
* A total of 3850 sq ft of linen was used to wrap one body
* The wrapping process took fifteen days, and sometimes more to completely wrap the body
The head was the first thing that was wrapped up
* Each layer of the linens was sealed with resins
Masks
Once the body was wrapped up, a red shroud was then put over the head. A portrait of the person was then painted on the shroud.
*Shroud: a length of cloth
Final Step
Once the 70 day mummification process was finished it was time for the burial
A procession then began to take place. Each tomb was
individualized to each person. The tomb was filled with
thing that the person would need in their after-life.
The last and final step was when a priest dressed up as Annubis. The priest opens the mummies mouth so that it awakens all the senses and then allows the soul to come
back to the body.
The Journey Beyond
The spirit of the person can now travel to the underworld to face judgement before Osiris.
Let's take a look at the mummification process
Did you know?
That it was not until the era of the
New Kingdom:
* That gold was used to cover the tombs
* Jewelry would be added
* Teeth would be reattached
* Name tags would be placed on
the mummy
Quick Paper:
What are three things that you would bring with you to your after-life?
*Needs to be at least 6 sentences
Time to make our own mummy!
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/launch_gms_mummy_maker.shtml

** What kind of materials do you think that we will need?
Get you post it notes ready
http://cwd.uchicago.edu/Public/botdindex.html

As we go through this tutorial, write down three things that you did not already know
Mummy Science Experiment
We are going to use a apple to represent the process of mummification
Materials:
1 Apple
1 Popsicle stick
1 Plastic bag
1/4 cup of salt
1/2 cup of sodium carbonate (powdered bleach)
1/2 cup bicarbonate of soda

The experiment will take 10 minutes to put together, and a few days for the apple to become mummified.
The Process
1. Mix the salt, sodium carbonate, and bicarbonate of soda into the plastic bag.
2. Cut a face into your apple using the popsicle stick. Do this by pushing the stick into the front of the apple to make eyes, a nose, and a mouth (be creative).
3. When finished with the face, push the popsicle stick into the top of the apple so it makes a handle.
4. Place the apple into the bag with the mixture and ensure that it's covered by the mixture
5. Leave the bag open in a warm dry place and watch what happens to the apple!

Taken from:
http://www.sciencefairadventure.com/ProjectDetail.aspx?ProjectID=142
Taken from:
http://www.sciencefairadventure.com/ProjectDetail.aspx?ProjectID=142
Recording Observations

Each day you will take a look at your apple and you will record any changes that take place in your science journal.


At the end of the week you will use your science journal notes to write a short paper, that will answer a question that I provide.
* At the end of the lesson the children will be able to create a short paper using their science journal notes with 85% accuracy.

* At middle of the lesson the children will follow a tutorial and write down three things that they did not know with 100% accuracy.

* At the end of the lesson the children will be able to describe two of the steps that take place during mummification with 95% accuracy.

Overall Objectives:

* Gain factual knowledge
* Learn fundamental principles
* Analyze and understand historical information on Egyptian mummies
Resources:
Delaware Content Standards
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