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Transcript of Fungi Presentation
What is Fungi? Fungi are multicellular(excluding yeasts) decomposers. They are mostly heterotrophs, which mean that they depend on others for food. They are also eukaryotic, which indicates that their cells have a nucleus. Fungi do not move independently. Types of Fungi Yeast, mildew, lichen, mold, slime mold, mushrooms, ringworm, and
athlete's foot are all types of fungi. How is Fungi a Friend? Fungi can be a friend in many ways. Some fungi that are edible are nutritious and contain lots of vitamin B and minerals. They are decomposers. Without fungi, the world would be a smelly place. The shiitake mushroom, a type of fungi, helps the immune system. Penicillin is used to make medicines. How is Fungi a Foe? Fungi are also a foe sometimes. Some fungi are poisonous or cause disease. Some fungi can cause respiratory problems. Other fungi can ruin crops, or even get in buildings walls and cause people to become sick. Yeasts Yeasts are part of the fungi kingdom. But it's an outlaw to many rules to the fungi kingdom. Unlike most fungi, it does not reproduce by spores. Yeast is in the fungi kingdom only because its cell wall is made of chitin and it is a decomposer. It is also the only type of fungi that is unicellular. Spores Fungi reproduce using spores. The spores are released from the gills, then animals, water, and air carry them to different places. There are both male and female spores that together produce fungi. Mushrooms produce many spores, but they have a hard time surviving. Spores need a good environment, nutrients, a food source, and protection in order to survive.