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Early Modern Unit Annotated Timeline
Transcript of Early Modern Unit Annotated Timeline
Founding of the Ottoman Empire
Ming Dynasty begins in China
Russians win independence from Mongols
First Europeans land in the "New World"
Treaty of Tordesillas
Vasco da Gama's Voyage to India
Beginning of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
Magellan Circumnavigates the Globe
Start of the Anglican Church (AKA Church of England)
First British Colony Settled in North America
Christianity Banned in Japan
Reign of King Louis XIV
Life of Peter the Great
Great Britain Abolishes Slavery in the West Indies (Caribbean)
The Ming Dynasty saw an increase in agricultural and commercial output, contributing to a rise in population.
They attempted to rid themselves of all things Mongol, bringing back a traditional Chinese society.
Emperor Hongwu brought back the examination system and the scholar gentry.
Art from the Ming Dynasty
Though the Ottomans had technically been a state since 1299, they were considered an Empire when they captured Constantinople in 1453.
They are a Gunpowder Empire with ideas based on Muslim civilization, through architecture and engineering
The Ottoman Empire at its greatest height.
Under the rule of Ivan III (or Ivan the Great), Tartar rule was diminished from Russian lands.
The Russians became more independent from Mongol overloads after Moscow was freed from all payments to the Mongols, bringing power back to a tsarist rule.
In the name of the Spanish monarchy, Columbus landed in the new world, which he first thought to be SE Asia, while originally searching for India.
Instead, he reached the Americas, which was then coined the "New World" and claimed it for Spain.
This painting by Dióscoro Teófilo de la Puebla Tolin depicts the first landing of Columbus on the shores of the New World.
Under Pope Alexander VI, this document was drawn and signed by Castile and Portugal in order to clarify the confusion over claimed land in the New World.
Everything unclaimed to the west of Brazil would go to Spain, while all unclaimed in the East belonged to Portugal.
Portuguese sailor, Vasco da Gama, sailed around Africa's Cape of Good Hope in an attempt to find India.
He was successful and received luxury clothes and spices for Portugal, resulting in annual voyages back through the Indian Ocean.
Slaves were captured and displaced to the Americans from Africa's west coast for nearly 300 years.
This trade was part of the Triangular Trade, more specifically the Middle Passage.
The conditions in which the Africans endured under their European captures were brutal, and made the female population in Africa rise beyond that of males.
Martin Luther had 95 Theses, but the Pope was not one.
Tired of the Catholic Church's use of indulgences, ML nailed the document to the door of the Church of Wittenberg, Germany.
This event is said to have been what sparked the Protestant Reformation.
With five ships, the Santiago, the San Antonio, the Conception, the Trinidad, and the Victoria, Spanish explorer, Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the globe.
Not only did Magellan manage to claim the Philippines, where he died, for Spain, but also officially disproved the theory that the Earth was flat.
All King Henry VIII wanted was a male heir, but alas, none of his wives were able to fulfill that wish.
He wanted to divorce them, but would not receive the blessing from the Catholic Church.
Like any man would do in this situation, King Henry VIII made his own Church to get what he wanted.
The Virginia Company of London explorers established Jamestown as the first British colony in the New World.
The early years were disastrous, with a large loss of life resulting from the poor location choice, and disputes with the indigenous Native Americans.
Despite this, events such as the production of tobacco, a major cash crop, led to a steadily functioning state, making Jamestown a gateway for other colonies in the New World.
Under Emperor Hideyoshi, ruler of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Christianity was officially banned in Japan.
The reasoning behind this action was the emperor's fear that Christians would do to Japan what they had done in the New World. Thus, he openly persecuted both missionaries and converts.
Christianity in Japan reduced to an underground faith of isolated communities, though Japan also managed to isolate itself.
King Louis XIV was a patron of the arts as well as an absolute monarchist.
He saw a strong military as a key political goal, and hoped for territorial expansion.
The King also succeeded in eliminating remnants of feudalism persisting in France pacified the aristocracy.
Pictured is King Louise the XIV, whose hair can be compared to mine when I blow dry it.
Peter the Great is well known for his westernizing reforms during his rule as tzar of Russia.
Westernization under Peter the Great involved secularization of schools, development o a strong military, and economic stability.
He is also well accredited for the construction of St. Petersburg and expanding Russia's territory.
In 1833, the Slavery Abolition Act was passed throughout the British Empire.
The reasoning behind the Act was change in morality over time, where the attitude toward the slave trade was seen as inhumane.